Amplified Bible

Luke 1

Introduction

1Since [as is well known] many have undertaken to compile an orderly account of the things which have been fulfilled among us [by God], exactly as they were handed down to us by those [with personal experience] who from the beginning [of Christ’s ministry] were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word [that is, of the teaching concerning salvation through faith in Christ], it seemed fitting for [a]me as well, [and so I have decided] after having carefully searched out and investigated all the events accurately, from the very beginning, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus; so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been [b]taught [that is, the history and doctrine of the faith].

Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

In the days of Herod [the Great], king of Judea, there was a certain priest whose name was [c]Zacharias, of [d]the division of Abijah. His wife was [e]a descendant of Aaron [the first high priest of Israel], and her name was Elizabeth. They both were righteous (approved) in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. But they were childless, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both far advanced in years.

Now it happened while Zacharias was serving as priest before God in the appointed order of his priestly division, as was the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by lot to enter [the sanctuary of] the temple of the Lord and [f]burn incense [on the altar of incense]. 10 And all the congregation was praying outside [in the court of the temple] at the hour of the incense offering. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12 When Zacharias saw the angel, he was troubled and overcome with fear. 13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, because your petition [in prayer] was heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will name him [g]John. 14 You will have great joy and delight, and many will rejoice over his birth, 15 for he will be great and distinguished in the sight of the Lord; and will never drink wine or liquor, and he will be filled with and empowered to act by the Holy Spirit while still in his mother’s womb. 16 He will turn many of the sons of Israel back [from sin] to [love and serve] the Lord their God. 17 It is he who will go as a forerunner before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to the children, and the disobedient to the attitude of the righteous [which is to seek and submit to the will of God]—in order to make ready a people [perfectly] prepared [spiritually and morally] for the Lord.”

18 And Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I be certain of this? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in age.” 19 The angel replied and said to him, “I am Gabriel; I stand and minister in the [very] presence of God, and I have been sent [by Him] to speak to you and to bring you this good news. 20 [h]Listen carefully, you will be continually silent and unable to speak until the day when these things take place, because you did not believe what I told you; but my words will be fulfilled at their proper time.”

21 The people [outside in the court] were waiting for Zacharias, and were wondering about his long delay in the temple. 22 But when he did come out, he was unable to speak to them. They realized that he had seen a vision in the temple; and he kept making signs to them, and remained mute. 23 When his time of priestly service was finished, he returned to his home.

24 Now after this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant, and for five months she secluded herself completely, saying, 25 “This is how the Lord has dealt with me in the days when He looked with favor on me, to take away my [i]disgrace among men.”

Jesus’ Birth Foretold

26 Now in the sixth month [of Elizabeth’s pregnancy] the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin [j]betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, a descendant of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And coming to her, the angel said, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.” 29 But she was greatly perplexed at what he said, and kept carefully considering what kind of greeting this was. 30 The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 Listen carefully: you will conceive in your womb and give birth to a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. 32 He will be great and eminent and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob (Israel) forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end.” 34 Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin and have no intimacy with any man?” 35 Then the angel replied to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you [like a cloud]; for that reason the holy (pure, sinless) Child shall be called the Son of God. 36 And listen, even your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age; and she who was called barren is now in her sixth month. 37 For with God nothing [is or ever] shall be impossible.” 38 Then Mary said, “[k]Behold, I am the servant of the Lord; may it be done to me according to your word.” And the angel left her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 Now at this time Mary arose and hurried to the hill country, to a city of Judah (Judea), 40 and she entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, her baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him. 42 And she exclaimed loudly, “Blessed [worthy to be praised] are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 And how has it happened to me, that the mother of my Lord would come to me? 44 For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45 And blessed [spiritually fortunate and favored by God] is she who believed and confidently trusted that there would be a fulfillment of the things that were spoken to her [by the angel sent] from the Lord.”

The Magnificat

46 And Mary said,

“My soul magnifies and exalts the Lord,
47 
And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.
48 
“For He has looked [with loving care] on the humble state of His maidservant;
For behold, from now on all generations will count me blessed and happy and favored by God!
49 
“For He who is mighty has done great things for me;
And holy is His name [to be worshiped in His purity, majesty, and glory].
50 
And His mercy is upon generation after generation
Toward those who [stand in great awe of God and] fear Him.
51 
“He has done mighty deeds with His [powerful] arm;
He has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their heart.
52 
“He has brought down rulers from their thrones,
And exalted those who were humble.
53 
He has filled the hungry with good things;
And sent the rich away empty-handed.
54 
“He has helped His servant Israel,
In remembrance of His mercy,
55 
Just as He promised to our fathers,
To Abraham and to his descendants forever.”

56 And Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months, and then returned to her home.

John Is Born

57 Now the time had come for Elizabeth to give birth, and she gave birth to a son. 58 Her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown His great mercy toward her, and they were rejoicing with her.

59 It happened that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child [as required by the Law], and they intended to name him Zacharias, after his father; 60 but his mother answered, “No indeed; instead he will be called John.” 61 And they said to her, “None of your relatives is called by that name.” 62 Then they made signs to his father, as to what he wanted him called. 63 And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote as follows, “His name is John.” And they were all astonished. 64 At once Zacharias’ mouth was opened and his tongue freed, and he began speaking, praising and blessing and thanking God. 65 Then fear came on all their neighbors; and all these things were discussed throughout the hill country of Judea. 66 All who heard these things kept them in mind, saying, “What then will this little boy turn out to be?” For the hand of the Lord was certainly with him [to bring about his birth].

Zacharias’ Prophecy

67 Now Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Spirit and empowered by Him, and he prophesied, saying,

68 
“Blessed (praised, glorified) be the Lord, the God of Israel,
Because He has visited us and brought redemption to His people,
69 
And He has raised up a [l]horn of salvation [a mighty and valiant Savior] for us
In the house of David His servant—
70 
Just as He promised by the mouth of His holy prophets from the most ancient times—
71 
Salvation from our enemies,
And from the hand of all who hate us;
72 
To show mercy [as He promised] to our fathers,
And to remember His holy covenant [the promised blessing],
73 
The oath which He swore to Abraham our father,
74 
To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies,
Might serve Him without fear,
75 
In holiness [being set apart] and righteousness [being upright] before Him all our days.
76 
“And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;
For you will go on before the Lord (the Messiah) to prepare His ways;
77 
To give His people the knowledge of salvation
By the forgiveness of their sins,
78 
Because of the tender mercy of our God,
With which the Sunrise (the Messiah) from on high will dawn and visit us,
79 
To shine upon those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death,
To guide our feet [in a straight line] into the way of peace and serenity.”

80 The child continued to grow and to become strong in spirit, and he lived in the deserts until the day of his public appearance to Israel [as John the Baptist, the forerunner of the Messiah].

Notas al pie

  1. Luke 1:3 Luke may have been a Gentile. If so, he is the only Gentile author whose work is included in the NT. In addition to The Gospel of Luke, he wrote The Acts of the Apostles, and is thought by some scholars to have been the author of The Letter to the Hebrews.
  2. Luke 1:4 Or orally instructed.
  3. Luke 1:5 I.e. Zechariah. The spelling is different because a Greek word cannot end with an “h,” and in place of “ah” the common Greek ending “-as” was substituted.
  4. Luke 1:5 King David organized the priests into 24 groups or divisions, each headed by a president. A division served twice a year for a week at a time (1 Chr 24:1-19).
  5. Luke 1:5 Lit from the daughters of.
  6. Luke 1:9 I.e. normally a once-in-a-lifetime privilege for a priest.
  7. Luke 1:13 John the Baptist is considered the last of the Old Testament prophets. His mother, Elizabeth, and Mary the mother of Jesus, were related (1:36), and Mary may have been with Elizabeth at the time John was born (1:56). John the Baptist is not to be confused with John the Apostle who, along with his brother James, was among the twelve disciples of Jesus. John and James were the sons of Zebedee and Salome. John the Apostle authored the Gospel of John, three brief letters (1 John, 2 John, 3 John), and Revelation.
  8. Luke 1:20 Lit behold.
  9. Luke 1:25 At this time childlessness was a social stigma.
  10. Luke 1:27 The first stage of marriage (called shiddukin in Hebrew) in Jewish tradition and law, usually lasting for a year before the wedding night; unlike an engagement, it was legally binding and required a divorce to nullify it. The woman remained with her parents during the betrothal year and was referred to as a “wife” even though the marriage was not consummated during this period of time.
  11. Luke 1:38 Mary’s response was significantly different from Zacharias’ (v 18). Zacharias would not take Gabriel’s word, and instead wanted some kind of miraculous sign as proof.
  12. Luke 1:69 In the OT a symbol of strength.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

路加福音 1

11-2 提阿非罗大人,已经有很多人根据最初的目击者和传道者给我们的口述,把我们中间发生的事记载下来。 我把一切事情从头至尾仔细查考之后,决定按次序写出来, 使你知道自己所学的道都是有真凭实据的。

天使预告施洗者约翰出生

犹太王希律执政期间,亚比雅的班里有位祭司名叫撒迦利亚,他妻子伊丽莎白是亚伦的后裔。 夫妻二人遵行主的一切诫命和条例,无可指责,在上帝眼中是义人。 但他们没有孩子,因为伊丽莎白不能生育,二人又年纪老迈。

有一天,轮到撒迦利亚他们那一班祭司当值, 他们按照祭司的规矩抽签,抽中撒迦利亚到主的殿里去烧香。 10 众百姓都在外面祷告。 11 那时,主的天使在香坛的右边向撒迦利亚显现, 12 撒迦利亚见了,惊慌害怕起来。

13 天使对他说:“撒迦利亚,不要害怕,你的祷告已蒙垂听。你的妻子伊丽莎白要为你生一个儿子,你要给他取名叫约翰。 14 你必欢喜快乐,许多人也会因为他的诞生而欣喜雀跃, 15 因为他将成为主伟大的仆人。他必滴酒不沾,并且在母腹里就被圣灵充满。 16 他将劝导许多以色列人回心转意,归顺主——他们的上帝。 17 他将以先知以利亚的心志和能力做主的先锋,使父亲的心转向儿女,使叛逆的人回转、顺从义人的智慧,为主预备合用的子民。”

18 撒迦利亚对天使说:“我已经老了,我的妻子也上了年纪,我如何知道这是真的呢?” 19 天使回答说:“我是侍立在上帝面前的加百列,奉命来向你报这喜讯。 20 我说的这些话到时候必定应验。但因为你不肯相信我的话,所以这事成就以前,你将变成哑巴,不能说话。”

21 人们在等候撒迦利亚,见他在圣殿里迟迟不出来,都感到奇怪。 22 后来他出来了,却成了哑巴,不能说话,只能打手势,大家意识到他在圣殿里看见了异象。 23 撒迦利亚供职期满,就回家去了。 24 不久,伊丽莎白果然怀了孕,她有五个月闭门不出。 25 她说:“主真是眷顾我,除掉了我不生育的羞耻。”

天使预告耶稣降生

26 伊丽莎白怀孕六个月的时候,天使加百列又奉上帝的命令到加利利的拿撒勒, 27 去见一位童贞女,她叫玛丽亚。玛丽亚已经和大卫的后裔约瑟订了婚。

28 天使到了玛丽亚那里,说:“恭喜你,蒙大恩的女子,主与你同在!”

29 玛丽亚听了觉得十分困惑,反复思想这话的意思。

30 天使对她说:“玛丽亚,不要害怕,你在上帝面前已经蒙恩了。 31 你要怀孕生子,并给祂取名叫耶稣。 32 祂伟大无比,将被称为至高者的儿子,主上帝要把祂祖先大卫的王位赐给祂。 33 祂要永远统治以色列[a],祂的国度永无穷尽。”

34 玛丽亚对天使说:“这怎么可能呢?我还是童贞女。”

35 天使回答说:“圣灵要临到你身上,至高者的能力要荫庇你,所以你要生的那圣婴必称为上帝的儿子。 36 看啊,你的亲戚伊丽莎白年纪老迈,一向不能生育,现在已经怀男胎六个月了。 37 因为上帝无所不能。”

38 玛丽亚说:“我是主的婢女,愿你所说的话在我身上成就。”于是天使离开了她。

玛丽亚看望伊丽莎白

39 不久,玛丽亚便动身赶到犹太山区的一座城, 40 进了撒迦利亚的家,向伊丽莎白请安。 41 伊丽莎白一听见玛丽亚的问安,腹中的胎儿便跳动起来,伊丽莎白被圣灵充满, 42 高声喊着说:“在妇女中你是最蒙福的!你腹中的孩子也是蒙福的! 43 我主的母亲来探望我,我怎么敢当呢? 44 我一听到你问安的声音,腹中的孩子就欢喜跳动。 45 相信主所说的话必实现的女子有福了!”

46 玛丽亚说:
“我的心尊主为大,
47 我的灵因我的救主上帝而欢喜,
48 因祂眷顾我这卑微的婢女,
从今以后,
世世代代都要称我是有福的。
49 全能者在我身上行了奇事,
祂的名是神圣的。
50 祂怜悯敬畏祂的人,
直到世世代代。
51 祂伸出臂膀,施展大能,
驱散心骄气傲的人。
52 祂使当权者失势,
叫谦卑的人升高。
53 祂使饥饿的得饱足,
叫富足的空手而去。
54 祂扶助了自己的仆人以色列,
55 祂要施怜悯给亚伯拉罕和他的子孙,
直到永远,
正如祂对我们祖先的应许。”

56 玛丽亚和伊丽莎白同住了约三个月,便回家去了。

施洗者约翰出生

57 伊丽莎白的产期到了,生下一个儿子。 58 亲戚和邻居听见主向她大施怜悯,都和她一同欢乐。 59 到了第八天,他们来给孩子行割礼,想照他父亲的名字给他取名叫撒迦利亚。

60 但伊丽莎白说:“不!要叫他约翰。”

61 他们说:“你们家族中没有人用这个名字啊!” 62 他们便向他父亲打手势,问他要给孩子起什么名字。 63 撒迦利亚就要了一块写字板,写上:“他的名字叫约翰。”大家看了都很惊奇。 64 就在那时,撒迦利亚恢复了说话的能力,便开口赞美上帝。 65 住在周围的人都很惧怕,这消息很快就传遍了整个犹太山区。 66 听见的人都在想:“这孩子将来会怎样呢?因为主与他同在。”

撒迦利亚的预言

67 孩子的父亲撒迦利亚被圣灵充满,便预言说:

68 “主——以色列的上帝当受称颂,
因祂眷顾、救赎了自己的子民,
69 在祂仆人大卫的家族中为我们兴起了一位大能的拯救者[b]
70 正如祂从亘古借着祂圣先知们的口所说的。
71 祂要从仇敌和一切恨我们之人手中拯救我们。
72 祂怜悯我们的祖先,
持守自己的圣约,
73 就是祂对我们的先祖亚伯拉罕所起的誓,
74 要把我们从仇敌手中拯救出来,
75 使我们一生一世在圣洁和公义中坦然无惧地事奉祂。
76 至于你,我的儿子啊!
你将要被称为至高者的先知,
因为你要走在主的前面,
为祂预备道路,
77 使百姓因罪得赦免而明白救恩的真谛。
78 由于上帝的怜悯,
清晨的曙光必从高天普照我们,
79 照亮那些生活在黑暗中和死亡阴影下的人,
带领我们走平安的道路。”

80 那孩子渐渐长大,心灵强健,在向以色列人公开露面之前,一直住在旷野。

Notas al pie

  1. 1:33 以色列”希腊文是“雅各的家”。
  2. 1:69 拯救者”希腊文是“拯救的角”。