Amplified Bible

Judges 3

Idolatry Leads to Servitude

1Now these are the nations which the Lord left [in order] to test Israel by them (that is, all [the people of Israel] who had not [previously] experienced any of the wars in Canaan; only in order that the generations of the sons of Israel might be taught war, at least those who had not experienced it previously). The remaining nations are: the five lords (governors) of the Philistines, all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites who lived on Mount Lebanon from Mount Baal-hermon to the entrance of Hamath. They were [allowed to remain] for the testing of Israel, to determine whether Israel would listen to and obey the commandments of the Lord, which He had commanded their fathers (ancestors) through Moses. And the Israelites lived among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites; and they took their daughters for themselves as wives and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their [pagan] gods.

And the Israelites did evil in the sight of the Lord, and they forgot the Lord their God and served the Baals and the [a]Asheroth. So the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and He sold them into the hand of Cushan-rishathaim king of [b]Mesopotamia; and the Israelites served Cushan-rishathaim eight years.

The First Judge Rescues Israel

But when the Israelites cried out to the Lord [for help], the Lord raised up a [c]man to rescue the people of Israel, [d]Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. 10 The Spirit of the Lord came upon him, and he judged Israel. He went out to war, and the Lord gave Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand, and he prevailed over Cushan-rishathaim. 11 And the land was at rest [from oppression for] forty years. Then Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

12 Now the Israelites again did evil in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord strengthened Eglon king of Moab against Israel, since they had done what was evil in the sight of the Lord. 13 And Eglon gathered to him the sons of Ammon and Amalek, and went and struck down Israel [in defeat], and they took possession of the City of Palm Trees (Jericho). 14 And the Israelites served Eglon king of Moab eighteen years.

Ehud Rescues Israel from Moab

15 But when the Israelites cried out to the Lord [for help], the Lord raised up a [e]man to rescue them, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, [f]a left-handed man. And the Israelites sent a gift of tribute by him to Eglon king of Moab. 16 Now Ehud made for himself a sword a [g]cubit long, which had two edges, and he bound it on his [h]right thigh under his robe. 17 And he brought the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man. 18 And when Ehud had finished presenting the [i]tribute, he sent away the people who had carried it. 19 But Ehud himself turned back from the [j]sculptured stones at Gilgal, [and he returned to Eglon] and said [to him], “I have a secret message for you, O king.” Eglon said “Keep silence.” And all who attended him left him. 20 Ehud came to him as he was sitting alone in his [private] cool upper chamber, and Ehud said, “I have a message from God for you.” And the king got up from his seat. 21 Then Ehud reached out with his left hand and took the sword from his right thigh, and plunged it into Eglon’s belly. 22 And the hilt also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, because Ehud did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out. 23 Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut the doors of the upper chamber behind him, and locked them.

24 When Ehud departed, Eglon’s servants came. And when they saw that the doors of the upper room were locked, they said, “He is only [k]relieving himself in the cool room.” 25 They waited [a very long time] until they became embarrassed and uneasy, but he still did not open the doors of the upper room. So [finally] they took the key and opened them, and behold, their master had fallen to the floor, dead.

26 Now Ehud escaped while they lingered, and he passed beyond the sculptured stones and escaped to Seirah. 27 When he had arrived, he blew a trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel went down with him from the hill country, and he was in front of them. 28 And he said to them, “Pursue them, for the Lord has handed over your enemies the Moabites to you.” So they went down after him and seized the [l]fords of the Jordan opposite Moab and did not allow anyone to cross. 29 They struck down at that time about ten thousand Moabite men, all strong, courageous men; not a man escaped. 30 So Moab was subdued and humbled that day under the hand of Israel, and the land was at rest for eighty years.

Shamgar Rescues from Philistines

31 After Ehud came Shamgar the son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistine men with an [m]oxgoad. He too saved Israel.

Notas al pie

  1. Judges 3:7 Various Canaanite goddesses of fertility and warfare.
  2. Judges 3:8 Heb Aram-naharaim; Aram of Two Rivers.
  3. Judges 3:9 Lit deliverer.
  4. Judges 3:9 Othniel was the first of the twelve people God appointed to rescue and lead Israel. In addition to specific judicial duties, the judges served as both civil and military leaders.
  5. Judges 3:15 Lit deliverer.
  6. Judges 3:15 Lit bound in his right hand.
  7. Judges 3:16 I.e. about eighteen inches.
  8. Judges 3:16 If a bodyguard searched Ehud he would have focused on his left side, where a right-handed man would hide a sword.
  9. Judges 3:18 The tribute apparently required a company of people to transport and may have consisted of such things as valuable commodities, precious metals, and domestic animals.
  10. Judges 3:19 These stones may have been either boundary markers or idols.
  11. Judges 3:24 Lit covering his feet (with his garment)—a euphemism for defecating, probably because of the squatting position taken.
  12. Judges 3:28 I.e. narrow or shallow places where a river may be crossed by wading.
  13. Judges 3:31 I.e. a rod with a pointed end or fitted with a spike.

O Livro

Juízes 3

Os povos que Israel não expulsou

11/2 Segue­se uma lista dos povos que o Senhor deixou na terra para experimentar as novas gerações de Israel, que ainda não tinha passado pelas guerras de Canaã. Porque Deus pretendia dar oportunidade à juventude de Israel de pôr à prova a sua fé e a sua obediência, dominando os inimigos. São eles: os filisteus, com cinco cidades, os cananeus, os sidónios e os heveus, que viviam nas montanhas do Líbano, desde BaalHermon até à entrada de Hamate. Estes povos pois foram um teste para a nova geração de Israel para ver se obedeceriam aos mandamentos que o Senhor lhes tinha dado através de Moisés.

E assim viveu Israel entre os cananeus, os heteus, os heveus, os perizeus, os amorreus e os jebuseus. 6/7 Mas em vez de os destruir, o povo de Israel cruzou­se com eles, através de casamentos. Os moços israelitas tomaram as raparigas deles como mulheres, e vice­versa. E daí, até que Israel começasse a adorar também os seus deuses, foi um pequeno passo. Por isso o povo de Israel estava muito mal visto aos olhos de Deus visto que se rebelaram contra Jeová o seu Deus e puseram­se a dar adoração a Baal e aos ídolos asterotes.

O juiz Otniel

8/10 A ira do Senhor inflamou­se contra Israel e permitiu que o rei Cusã­Risataim da Síria oriental os vencesse na guerra. E ficaram sob o seu domínio durante oito anos. Mas quando Israel gritou ao Senhor por socorro, deu­lhes o sobrinho de Calebe, Otniel (filho de Quenaz, irmão mais novo de Calebe), que os salvou. O Espírito do Senhor tomou posse dele e pôde assim reformar e limpar Israel, de tal forma que quando conduziu as forças militares de Israel contra o rei Cusã­Risataim, o Senhor ajudou Israel a vencê­lo duma forma absoluta.

11/14 Depois, durante quarenta anos que estiveram sob a chefia de Otniel, houve paz na terra. No entanto quando Otniel faleceu, o povo de Israel regressou novamente aos maus caminhos de antigamente, e Deus deixou que o rei Eglom de Moabe os vencesse, naquela altura. Por sinal tinham­se aliado a esse rei os exércitos dos amonitas e dos amalequitas. Essas forças derrotaram os israelitas e tomaram posse de Jericó, frequentemente chamada cidade das palmeiras. E durante dezoito anos o povo de Israel esteve sujeito ao rei Eglom.

Eude

15/23 Mas quando clamaram ao Senhor, mandou­lhes um libertador, Eude, filho de Gera, benjamita, que era canhoto. Eude era o homem que devia levar o imposto anual de Israel até à capital moabita. Ora antes de encetar a viagem mandou fazer uma espada de dois gumes, de meio metro de comprimento, e escondeu­a na roupa que vestia, junto à coxa direita. Depois de ter entregue o dinheiro ao rei Eglom, que era muito gordo, foi­se embora. Já fora da cidade, junto das pedreiras de Gilgal, despediu os companheiros e voltou sozinho ter com o rei. “Tenho uma mensagem secreta para ti”, disse­lhe.

O rei mandou imediatamente sair toda a gente que ali se encontrava, de forma a poder conversar em privado com ele. Estavam numa sala fresca, nos andares superiores. Eude avançou então e disse: “É uma mensagem de Deus!”

O rei levantou­se logo. Eude, com a mão esquerda puxou da espada que tinha escondida junto à perna direita e cravou­lha no ventre. O próprio punho da espada ficou enterrado na gordura do corpo. Eude deixou assim a espada, fechou as portas atrás de si e escapou­se por uma saída secundária.

24/25 Quando os servos do rei chegaram, mais tarde, viram as portas fechadas e esperaram, pensando que talvez ele estivesse na casa de banho. Mas depois de passar muito tempo sem que o rei aparecesse, começaram a estar preocupados e foram buscar uma chave. Ao abrirem a porta depararam com o seu senhor morto, estendido por terra.

26/27 Entretanto Eude, chegando de novo às pedreiras, fugira em direcção a Seirá. Quando chegou às colinas de Efraim fez um apelo às armas, ao som de trombetas, e organizou um exército sob o seu próprio comando.

28/30 “Sigam­me”, gritou “porque o Senhor entregou já os vossos inimigos, os moabitas, nas vossas mãos!” Inicialmente a sua acção consistiu em ocupar os baixios do Jordão, perto de Moabe, para evitar que os outros passassem por ali, atravessando o rio a pé. Seguidamente foram atacar os moabitas, matando aproximadamente uns dez mil dos seus mais fortes e mais hábeis guerreiros, não deixando escapar ninguém. E dessa maneira Moabe foi conquistado por Israel naquele mesmo dia. A terra ficou em paz durante os oitenta anos seguintes.

Sangar

31 O juiz que veio a seguir a Eude foi Sangar, filho de Anate. Duma vez conseguiu matar seiscentos filisteus com uma vara de bois. Por meio desse golpe salvou Israel dum desastre.