Amplified Bible

Judges 1

Jerusalem Is Captured

1Now it came about after the death of Joshua, that the [a]sons (descendants) of Israel (Jacob) asked the Lord, “Who shall go up first for us against the Canaanites, to fight against them?” And the Lord said, “Judah shall go up [first]; behold, I have given the land into his hand.” And [the tribe of the sons of] Judah said to [the tribe of the sons of] Simeon his brother, “Come up with me into my allotted territory, so that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with you into your allotted territory.” So Simeon went with him. Then Judah went up, and the Lord gave the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand, and they struck down in defeat ten thousand men at Bezek. Then they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek and fought against him, and they struck down in defeat the Canaanites and the Perizzites. But Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his thumbs and his big toes. Adoni-bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to gather up scraps of food under my table; as I have done [to others], so God has repaid me.” So they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.

Then the sons of Judah fought against [Jebusite] Jerusalem and [b]captured it and struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire. Afterward the sons of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites who lived in the hill country, in the Negev (South country) and in the lowland. 10 So Judah went against the Canaanites who lived in Hebron (the name of Hebron formerly was Kiriath-arba); and they defeated Sheshai and Ahiman and Talmai.

Capture of Other Cities

11 From there [the tribe of] Judah went against the inhabitants of Debir (the name of Debir formerly was Kiriath-sepher [city of books and scribes]). 12 And Caleb said, “Whoever attacks Kiriath-sepher and captures it, I will even give him my daughter Achsah as a wife.” 13 Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, captured it; so he gave him his daughter Achsah as a wife. 14 When she came to Othniel, she persuaded him to [allow her to] ask her father [Caleb] for a field. Then she [rode up to Caleb and] dismounted from her donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What do you want?” 15 She said to him, “Give me a blessing; since you have given me the land of the Negev (South country), give me springs of water, too.” So Caleb gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.

16 The sons of [[c]Jethro] the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law, went up from the City of Palms (Jericho) with the sons of Judah, to the wilderness of Judah which is in the Negev (South country) near Arad; and they went and lived with the people. 17 Then [the warriors of the tribe of] Judah went with [the warriors of the tribe of] Simeon his brother, and they struck the Canaanites living in Zephath and utterly destroyed it. So the city was called Hormah (destruction). 18 Also [the warriors of] Judah captured Gaza with its territory and Ashkelon with its territory and Ekron with its territory. 19 The Lord was with Judah, and [the tribe of] Judah took possession of the hill country, but they could not dispossess and drive out those inhabiting the valley because they had iron chariots. 20 Then they gave Hebron to Caleb, as Moses had said, and he drove out from there the three sons of Anak. 21 But the sons of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites who inhabited Jerusalem; so the Jebusites have lived with the sons of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day.

22 The [d]house of Joseph also went up against Bethel, and the Lord was with them. 23 The house of Joseph spied out Bethel (now the name of the city was formerly Luz). 24 The spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him, “Please show us the entrance to the city and we will treat you kindly.” 25 So he showed them the entrance to the city, and they struck the city with the edge of the sword, but they let the man and all his family go free. 26 The man went into the [e]land of the Hittites and built a city and named it Luz, which is its name to this day.

Places Not Conquered

27 But [the tribe of] Manasseh did not take possession of Beth-shean and its villages, or Taanach and its villages, or the inhabitants of Dor and its villages, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its villages, or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its villages; so the Canaanites remained in that land. 28 It happened when Israel became strong, that they put the Canaanites to forced labor, but they did not drive them out completely.

29 Neither did [the warriors of] Ephraim drive out the Canaanites who were living in Gezer; so the Canaanites lived in Gezer among them.

30 [The warriors of the tribe of] Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron or of Nahalol; so the Canaanites lived among them and were put to forced labor.

31 [The warriors of the tribe of] Asher did not drive out the inhabitants of Acco, or the inhabitants of Sidon, or of Ahlab, or of Achzib, or of Helbah, or of Aphik, or of Rehob. 32 So the Asherites lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land, because they did not drive them out.

33 Neither did [the warriors of] Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, or the inhabitants of Beth-anath, but they lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; and the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and of Beth-anath became forced labor for them.

34 Then the [f]Amorites forced the sons of Dan [back] into the hill country, for they would not allow them to come down into the valley; 35 yet the Amorites persisted in living on Mount Heres (the mountain of the sun), in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim; but when the power of the house (descendants) of Joseph became strong and prevailed, they became forced labor. 36 The border of the Amorites ran from the ascent of Akrabbim, from [g]Sela (rock) and upward.

Notas al pie

  1. Judges 1:1 In general, sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  2. Judges 1:8 Judah briefly captured Jerusalem, but could not hold and occupy it.
  3. Judges 1:16 Also called Reuel (Ex 2:18).
  4. Judges 1:22 I.e. the tribes of the descendants of Manasseh and Ephraim.
  5. Judges 1:26 I.e. Aram (northern Syria).
  6. Judges 1:34 Like the other Canaanites, the Amorites probably had iron chariots with which they controlled the valley.
  7. Judges 1:36 Some scholars identify Sela with Petra in modern day Jordan.

Japanese Living Bible

士師記 1

カナン人との戦い

1ヨシュアの死後、イスラエルの民は主からの指示を仰ごうと尋ねました。「カナン人と戦うには、まずどの部族が出陣すればよいでしょうか。」 すると、「ユダ族が行きなさい。彼らに輝かしい勝利を約束しよう」と主は言いました。 そこで、ユダ族の指導者たちは、シメオン族に加勢を求めました。「私たちの割り当て地に住む者たちを追い払うのに力を貸してほしい。その代わり、あなたたちが戦う時には必ず応援するから。」そうして、シメオンとユダの軍隊は合流して出陣しました。

4-6 主の助けによって、彼らはカナン人とペリジ人を打ち破りました。このベゼクでの戦闘で、なんと一万人もの敵を打ったのです。アドニ・ベゼク王は逃げ出したものの、すぐ捕らえられ、手足の親指を切り取られました。 「わしもこうやって七十人もの王の親指を切り取り、わしの食卓から落ちるパンくずを食べさせたものだが、今、神はそのつけを回してこられたというわけか」と、ベゼク王は嘆きました。王はエルサレムへ連れて行かれ、そこで息を引き取りました。

ユダ族はエルサレムを占領し、住民を打ち、町に火をかけました。 そののちユダの軍隊は、低地に住むカナン人を攻めたばかりか、山地やネゲブのカナン人とも戦いました。 10 また、以前キルヤテ・アルバと呼ばれたヘブロンにいるカナン人に向かって進撃し、シェシャイ、アヒマン、タルマイなどの町を滅ぼしました。

11 さらにそののち、以前キルヤテ・セフェルと呼ばれたデビルを攻めました。 12 カレブは、「だれか、率先してデビルを攻撃する者はいないか。占領した者には、私の娘アクサを妻として与えるぞ」と全軍に呼びかけました。 13 カレブの弟ケナズの子オテニエルが、先陣を志願してデビルを占領し、アクサを花嫁に迎えました。 14 アクサは嫁ぐ時、夫にそそのかされて、贈り物としてもっと土地をくれるよう父に求めました。彼女がろばから降りると、カレブは尋ねました。「どうした。何か欲しいものでもあるのか。」

15 アクサは答えました。「ネゲブの地は十分に頂いたのですけれど、できれば泉も頂きたいのです。」そこでカレブは、上の泉と下の泉を彼女に与えました。

16 ユダ族が、アラデの南方ネゲブの荒野の新天地に移った時、モーセの義父の子孫であるケニ族の人々も同行しました。彼らは、「なつめやしの町」と呼ばれたエリコを離れ、以後ずっといっしょに生活しました。 17 そののちユダ軍はシメオン軍の加勢を得て、ツェファテの町に住むカナン人を打ち、彼らを滅ぼしました。今でも、その町はホルマ〔「絶滅」の意〕と呼ばれています。 18 ユダ軍はさらに、ガザ、アシュケロン、エクロンの町々と周辺の村々を手中に収めました。 19 主の助けがあったので、山地一帯の住民を滅ぼすことができたのです。ただ、谷の住民は鉄の戦車を持っていたので、征服できませんでした。 20 ヘブロンの町は、主の約束どおりカレブの手の中に落ちました。カレブは、そこに住むアナクの三人の息子を追い出しました。

21 ベニヤミン族は、エルサレムに住むエブス人を根絶やしにできませんでした。それでエブス人は、今でもイスラエル人といっしょに住んでいます。

22-23 ヨセフ族も、以前ルズと呼ばれたベテルの町を襲撃しました。主はヨセフ族とともにいました。まず、偵察隊が派遣され、 24 彼らは町から出て来た男を捕まえ、「町の城壁の出入口を教えてくれたらいのちを助けよう」と持ちかけたのです。 25 男が町に入る方法を話したので、ヨセフ族は町に攻め込み、全住民を打ちました。もちろん、その男と彼の家族だけは助かりました。 26 のちに、その男はヘテ人の地に町を建て、ルズと名づけました。今も知られているとおりです。

27 マナセ族は、ベテ・シェアン、タナク、ドル、イブレアム、メギドとその周辺の町々の住民を追い出すことに失敗しました。それでカナン人は、その地にとどまり続けました。 28 のちにイスラエルは強大になりましたが、カナン人を奴隷として働かせることはあっても、追い出すことはしませんでした。 29 ゲゼルに住むカナン人についても同じです。彼らは今もなお、エフライム族に混じって生活しています。

30 ゼブルン族も、キテロンとナハラルの住民を滅ぼすには至らず、奴隷として働かせました。

31-32 アシェル族は、アコ、シドン、マハレブ、アクジブ、ヘルバ、アフェク、レホブの住民を追い出しませんでした。それでイスラエル人は、今なお、原住民であるカナン人といっしょに住んでいます。

33 ナフタリ族は、ベテ・シェメシュとベテ・アナテの住民を追い出しませんでした。彼らは奴隷として、イスラエル人に混じって暮らし続けました。

34 ダン族の場合は、エモリ人に圧倒されて山地へ追いやられ、谷に降りることができませんでした。 35 しかし、のちにエモリ人は、ヘレス山、アヤロン、シャアルビムへと散在するにつれてヨセフ族に征服され、奴隷となりました。 36 エモリ人との境界線は、アクラビムの丘陵地帯から始まり、セラと呼ばれる地点を通り、そこから上の方に及びました。