1Now the word of the Lord came to [a]Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2 “Go to [b]Nineveh, that great city, and proclaim [judgment] against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me.” 3 But Jonah ran away to Tarshish to escape from the presence of the Lord [and his duty as His prophet]. He went down to [c]Joppa and found a ship going to [d]Tarshish [the most remote of the Phoenician trading cities]. So he paid the fare and went down into the ship to go with them to Tarshish away from the presence of the Lord.
4 But the Lord hurled a great wind toward the sea, and there was a violent tempest on the sea so that the ship was about to break up. 5 Then the sailors were afraid, and each man cried out to his god; and to lighten the ship [and diminish the danger] they threw the ship’s cargo into the sea. But Jonah had gone below into the hold of the ship and had lain down and was sound asleep. 6 So the captain came up to him and said, “How can you stay asleep? Get up! Call on your god! Perhaps your god will give a thought to us so that we will not perish.”
7 And they said to another, “Come, [e]let us cast lots, so we may learn who is to blame for this disaster.” So they cast lots and the lot fell on Jonah. 8 Then they said to him, “Now tell us! [f]Who is to blame for this disaster? What is your occupation? Where do you come from? What is your country?” 9 So he said to them, “I am a Hebrew, and I [reverently] fear and worship the Lord, the God of heaven, [g]who made the sea and the dry land.”
10 Then the men became extremely frightened and said to him, “How could you do this?” For the men knew that he was running from the presence of the Lord, [h]because he had told them. 11 Then they said to him, “What should we do to you, so that the sea will become calm for us?”—for the sea was becoming more and more violent. 12 Jonah said to them, “Pick me up and throw me into the sea. Then the sea will become calm for you, for I know that it is because of me that this great storm has come upon you.” 13 Nevertheless, the men rowed hard [breaking through the waves] to return to land, but they could not, because the sea became even more violent [surging higher] against them. 14 Then they called on the Lord and said, “Please, O Lord, do not let us perish because of taking this man’s life, and do not make us accountable for innocent blood; for You, O Lord, have done as You pleased.”
15 So they picked up Jonah and threw him into the sea, and the sea stopped its raging. 16 Then the men greatly feared the Lord, and they offered a sacrifice to the Lord and made vows.
Notas al pie
- Jonah 1:1 Jonah, the only prophet known to attempt to run away from a divinely appointed mission, lived during the time when Jeroboam II ruled Israel (the ten tribes of the Northern Kingdom). He was from the town of Gath-Hepher in Galilee.
- Jonah 1:2 The city of Nineveh was the magnificent capital of the Assyrian Empire. The great palace of Sennacherib was without rival and contained seventy or more rooms. The city was home to more than 120,000 residents (at least twice the size of Babylon) and had no less than fifteen gates in the wall surrounding the city. During this period of time it was probably the largest city in the known world. Built near the juncture of the Tigris River and its tributary the Khoser, it was served by an elaborate water system of eighteen canals. Nineveh had many suburbs, three are mentioned along with Nineveh in Gen 10:11, 12. Nineveh’s extensive ruins are located near the modern city of Mosul, Iraq.
- Jonah 1:3 The natural harbor of the city of Joppa (modern Jaffa, Israel) has been in use since the Bronze Age. It was the port of entry for the cedars of Lebanon for Solomon’s temple (2 Chr 2:16), and again for the second temple of Jerusalem (Ezra 3:7). It is located just south of Tel Aviv.
- Jonah 1:3 Possibly Tartessos in southwest Spain.
- Jonah 1:7 To these sailors, who undoubtedly believed in their own pagan gods, the casting of lots was a way to allow the gods to express themselves since only they could control how a lot fell. In this case, it is possible that God intervened to identify Jonah as the guilty party.
- Jonah 1:8 The questions asked indicate that the sailors were afraid of Jonah even before he confessed his worship of the Lord (v 9). The lot had already confirmed that he was responsible, but instead of acting on that they gave him the option of blaming someone else. The other questions are typical of what one would ask any stranger.
- Jonah 1:9 This was an important addition to Jonah’s description of God, because most people who believed in pagan gods had different deities for different regions of the created world, and often they also worshiped deities of their own localities. Jonah was affirming that there is only one true God.
- Jonah 1:10 Jonah probably had informed them when he first boarded (cf v 3) but they may not have taken him seriously, or perhaps they were just indifferent to his reason for the voyage. Now that they were in mortal danger, they believed him.
- Jonah 1:17 The ancient Hebrew term “fish” did not make a distinction between fish and marine mammals. There are no marine creatures known today which would be capable of swallowing a man, either because of their anatomy or because of their observed behavior. It is possible that the creature that swallowed Jonah has long since been extinct, or even that it was uniquely created by God for this one purpose.
- Jonah 1:17 Jesus cited Jonah’s experience as a sign of His resurrection (Matt 12:40).
여호와를 피해 도망하는 요나
1여호와께서 아밋대의 아들 요나에게 말씀하셨다.
2“너는 저 큰 니느웨성으로 가서 1:2 또는 ‘그것을 쳐서 외쳐라’그 성이 멸망할 것이라고 외쳐라. 그 곳 주민들의 죄악이 하늘에까지 사무쳤다.”
3그러나 요나는 여호와를 피하여 다시스로 달아나려고 욥바로 내려갔다. 때마침 다시스로 가는 배가 있어 그는 여호와를 피해 도망하려고 뱃삯을 주고 선원들과 함께 배에 올라탔다.
4그러나 여호와께서 바다에 강한 바람을 보내 폭풍이 일게 하시므로 배가 거의 깨어지게 되었다.
5그러자 선원들이 두려워하며 각자 자기가 섬기는 신에게 도와 달라고 부르짖고 배를 가볍게 하려고 짐을 바다에 던졌다. 이때 요나는 배 밑층에서 깊이 잠들어 있었다.
6선장이 그를 보자 고래고래 소리쳤다. “당신은 어째서 이런 때에 잠을 자고 있소? 일어나 당신의 신에게 도움을 구하시오! 그가 우리를 불쌍히 여겨 구해 줄는지 누가 알겠소.”
7그때 선원들은 “이 재앙이 누구 때문인지 제비를 뽑아 알아보자” 하고 서로 말하며 제비를 뽑았는데 그 제비에 요나가 뽑혔다.
8그러자 그들이 요나에게 물었다. “무슨 이유로 우리가 이 재앙을 당하게 되었는지 말해 보시오. 당신은 도대체 뭣하는 사람이며, 어디서 왔으며, 어느 나라 사람이오?”
9그때 요나가 “나는 히브리 사람이며 바다와 육지를 만드신 하늘의 하나님 여호와를 섬기는 사람입니다” 하고 대답하며
10자기가 여호와를 피해 도망치고 있음을 그들에게 밝혔다. 그러자 선원들은 몹시 두려워하며 “당신이 어째서 이런 짓을 하였소?” 하였다.
11폭풍이 점점 더 무섭게 휘몰아치자 선원들은 요나에게 “우리가 당신을 어떻게 해야 바다가 잔잔하겠소?” 하고 물었다.
12그때 요나가 대답하였다. “나를 들어 바다에 던지시오. 그러면 바다가 잔잔해질 것입니다. 여러분이 이 폭풍을 만나게 된 것이 내 탓이라는 것을 나는 잘 알고 있습니다.”
13그래도 그 선원들은 최선을 다해 노를 저어 배를 육지에 대려고 하였으나 점점 더 사나운 파도가 밀어닥치므로 그렇게 할 수가 없었다.
14그래서 그들은 “여호와여, 죄 없는 사람을 죽인다고 우리를 벌하지 마소서. 여호와여, 당신은 당신의 뜻대로 행하시는 분이시므로 이 사람의 죽음에 대해서 우리에게는 아무 잘못이 없습니다” 하고
15요나를 들어 바다에 던졌다. 그러자 성난 바다가 즉시 잔잔해졌다.
16이것을 본 선원들은 여호와를 크게 두려워하며 그에게 제사를 드리고 그를 섬기겠다고 서약하였다.
17여호와께서 이미 큰 물고기를 예비하셔서 요나를 삼키게 하셨으므로 요나가 밤낮 3일을 고기 뱃속에 있었다.