Amplified Bible

John 19

The Crown of Thorns

1So then Pilate took Jesus and had Him [a]scourged (flogged, whipped). And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe around Him; and they kept coming up to Him, saying [mockingly], “Hail, King of the Jews [Good health! Peace! Long life to you, King of the Jews]!” And they slapped Him in the face. Then Pilate came out again and said to them, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that I find no guilt in Him [no crime, no cause for an accusation].” So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, and Pilate said to them, “Look! The Man!” When the chief priests and officers saw Him, they shouted, “Crucify [Him]! Crucify [Him]!” Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him [no crime, no cause for an accusation].” The Jews answered him, “We have a law [regarding blasphemy], and according to that law He should die, because He made Himself out to be the Son of God.”

So when Pilate heard this said, he was [even] more [b]alarmed and afraid. He went into the Praetorium again and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus did not answer him. 10 So Pilate said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me at all if it had not been given to you from above. For this reason the sin and guilt of the [c]one who handed Me over to you is greater [than your own].” 12 As a result of this, Pilate kept making efforts to release Him, but the Jews kept screaming, “[d]If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar! Anyone who makes himself out [to be] a king opposes Caesar [and rebels against the emperor]!”

13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called [e]The Pavement, but in [f]Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was the day of Preparation for the [g]Passover [week], and it was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Look, your King!” 15 But they shouted, “Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”

The Crucifixion

16 Then he handed Him over to them to be crucified.

17 So they took Jesus, and He went out, [h]bearing His own cross, to the place called [i]the Place of the Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription [on a placard] and put it on the cross. And it was written: “JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 And many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek. 21 Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews’; but, ‘He said, “I am King of the Jews.”’” 22 Pilate replied, “What I have written I have written [and it remains written].”

23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer clothes and made four parts, a part for each soldier, and also the tunic. But the [j]tunic was seamless, woven [in one piece] from the top throughout. 24 So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it will be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture, “They divided My outer clothing among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.” 25 So the soldiers did these things.

But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, His mother’s sister [[k]Salome], [l]Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 So Jesus, seeing His mother, and the [m]disciple whom He loved (esteemed) standing near, said to His mother, “[Dear] woman, look, [here is] your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple (John), “Look! [here is] your mother [protect and provide for her]!” From that hour the disciple took her into his own home.

28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said in fulfillment of the Scripture, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of [n]sour wine was placed there; so they put a sponge soaked in the sour wine on [a branch of] hyssop and held it to His mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and [voluntarily] [o]gave up His spirit.

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 Since it was the day of Preparation [for the Sabbath], in order to prevent the bodies from hanging on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high holy day) the Jews asked Pilate to have their legs [p]broken [to hasten death] and the bodies taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man, and of the other who had been crucified with Him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came [flowing] out. 35 And he (John, the eyewitness) who has seen it has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also [who read this] may believe. 36 For these things took place to fulfill the Scripture, “Not a bone of His shall be broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “They shall look at Him whom they have pierced.”

38 And after this, Joseph of Arimathea—a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews—asked Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him at night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, [weighing] about a hundred [Roman] [q]pounds. 40 So they took Jesus’ body and bound it in linen wrappings with the fragrant spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now there was a garden at the place where He was crucified, and in the garden a new tomb [cut out of solid rock] in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore, because of the Jewish day of Preparation, and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

Notas al pie

  1. John 19:1 Because Pilate viewed Jesus as innocent, he may have ordered the beating expecting that the Jews would consider it adequate punishment and consent to Jesus’ release. Scourging was a horrific, brutal form of punishment. The glass and metal of the whip tore the body apart, exposing the vital organs. Men frequently died of the scourging.
  2. John 19:8 As a Roman pagan, Pilate would have been superstitious and may have feared that Jesus actually had some sort of magical or divine power.
  3. John 19:11 This may refer to Judas Iscariot, but Caiaphas may be the more likely one since he was directly responsible for Jesus’ going before Pilate.
  4. John 19:12 This put political pressure on Pilate. The Jews indicated if Pilate released Jesus they would inform Rome and Pilate’s career would be in jeopardy.
  5. John 19:13 Gr The Lithostrotos, i.e. the Mosaic Pavement, the Stone Platform.
  6. John 19:13 I.e. Jewish Aramaic.
  7. John 19:14 See note 18:28.
  8. John 19:17 The vertical post remained permanently in the ground. Jesus carried the cross beam.
  9. John 19:17 Latin: Calvarius or Calvary; Aram: Golgotha; Greek: Kranion.
  10. John 19:23 Gr khiton, the long shirtlike undergarment worn next to the skin.
  11. John 19:25 The mother of the apostles John and James, the sons of Zebedee.
  12. John 19:25 The mother of James the Younger (also called James the Less). Believed to be a sister or sister-in-law of Jesus’ mother.
  13. John 19:26 John, the Apostle and author of this Gospel was Jesus’ cousin.
  14. John 19:29 This sour wine was not to dull the senses, but to provide minimal relief to the victim. The wine mixed with gall (myrrh) that Jesus earlier had refused to drink (Matt 27:34; Mark 15:23) had narcotic qualities to deaden the pain.
  15. John 19:30 This wording implies that Jesus voluntarily and sovereignly released His spirit from His body in submission to God’s plan.
  16. John 19:31 After the legs were broken with a heavy blow, the condemned prisoner could no longer push upwards to assist his own breathing and would soon suffocate due to the awkward position that was forced on him by crucifixion. At the same time, breaking the legs was more painful than a quicker end with the point of a spear.
  17. John 19:39 Lit litras, equal to 12 oz each.

Nkwa Asem

Yohane 19

1Pilato ma wɔbɔɔ Yesu mmaa. Asraafo no de nsɔe nwenee ahenkyɛw de hyɛɛ Yesu; afei wɔde atade kɔkɔɔ nso hyɛɛ no. Wodii ne ho fɛw, bobɔɔ no asotɔre, kae se, “Yudafo hene, wo nkwa so!”

Pilato fii adi kɔka kyerɛɛ dɔm no bio se, “Mɛsan de no abrɛ mo ama moahu sɛ minni asɛm biara a megyina so abu no fɔ.” Bere a Yesu fii adi bae no, na ɔhyɛ ahenkyɛw a wɔde nsɔe anwene ne atade kɔkɔɔ. Pilato ka kyerɛɛ dɔm no se, “Onipa no ni!”

Bere a asɔfo mpanyin ne awɛmfo no huu Yesu no, wɔteɛteɛɛm se, “Bɔ no asɛnnua! Bɔ no asɛnnuam!” Pilato ka kyerɛɛ wɔn se, “Mo ara ankasa momfa no nkɔ nkɔbɔ no asɛnnuam, efisɛ, minni asɛm biara a megyina so abu no fɔ.”

Yudafo no buae se, “Yɛwɔ mmara a ɛkyerɛ sɛ, ɛsɛ sɛ owu, efisɛ, ɔkae se, ɔyɛ Onyankopɔn Ba.”

Bere a Pilato tee asɛm a wɔkae no, ɔbɔɔ hu yiye. Ɔsan kɔɔ ahemfi hɔ kobisaa Yesu se, “Ɛhe na wufi?” Nanso Yesu ammua no.

10 Pilato bisaa no se, “Woremmua me anaa? Ɛsɛ sɛ wuhu sɛ, mewɔ tumi sɛ migyaa wo na mewɔ tumi nso sɛ mema wɔbɔ wo asɛnnuam!”

11 Yesu buaa no se, “Sɛ Onyankopɔn amfa saa tumi no amma wo a, anka wunni me so tumi biara. Enti onipa a ɔde me brɛɛ wo no na wayɛ bɔne a ɛso.”

12 Bere a Pilato tee asɛm a Yesu kae no, ɔhwehwɛɛ ɔkwan bi a ɔbɛfa so agyaa no. Nanso Yudafo no teɛteɛɛm se, “Sɛ wugyaa no a, na wonyɛ Kaesare adamfo! Obiara a ɔbɛka se ɔyɛ ɔhene no, yɛ Kaesare tamfo!”

13 Bere a Pilato tee asɛm a Yudafo no kae no, ɔde Yesu fii adi na ɔkɔtenaa n’ahengua so wɔ faako a wɔfrɛ hɔ Abo Sɛ, a Hebri kasa mu, ɛyɛ “Gabata.” 14 Ade rebɛkye ama Twam Afahyɛ no adu so no, ɛbɛyɛ owigyinae no, Pilato ka kyerɛɛ Yudafo no se, “Mo hene no ni!”

15 Ɛdɔm no nso teɛteɛɛm bio se, “Kum no! Kum no! Bɔ no asɛnnuam!” Pilato bisaa wɔn se, “Mopɛ sɛ mebɔ mo hene no asɛnnuam anaa?” Asɔfo mpanyin no kae se, “Yɛn hene a yɛwɔ ara ne Kaesare!” 16 Afei Pilato de Yesu maa Yudafo no sɛ wɔnkɔbɔ no asɛnnuam.

Wɔbɔ Yesu asɛnnuam

17 Enti wɔde Yesu a n’asɛnnua da ne kɔn ho no kɔɔ kurow no mfikyiri baabi a wɔfrɛ hɔ se, “Nitiriso” hɔ, a Hebri kasa mu ɛyɛ “Golgota.” 18 Ɛhɔ na wɔbɔɔ Yesu asɛnnuam. Wɔbɔɔ nnipa baanu bi nso asɛnnuam kaa ne ho. Na ɔbaako sɛn ne benkum so ɛnna ɔbaako nso sɛn ne nifa so a Yesu sɛn wɔn mfinimfini. 19 Pilato kyerɛwee se, “YESU NASARETNI, YUDAFO HENE,” ma wɔde taree n’asɛnnua no atifi.

20 Esiane sɛ faako a wɔbɔɔ Yesu asɛnnuam ne kurow no mu kwan nware, na bio wɔakyerɛw nsɛm no wɔ Hebri, Roma ne Hela kasa mu no nti, nnipa bebree hu kenkanee.

21 Yudafo asɔfo mpanyin no ka kyerɛɛ Pilato se, “Nkyerɛw se, ‘Yudafo hene’ na mmom kyerɛw se, ‘Saa ɔbarima yi na ɔkae se, mene Yudafo hene!’ “

22 Pilato kae se, “Nea makyerɛw no, makyerɛw.”

23 Asraafo no bɔɔ Yesu asɛnnuam wiei no, wɔkyɛɛ ne ntade mu maa ɔsraani biara faa mu baako ma ɛkaa n’atade nhyɛase. Na saa atade no yɛ atade bi a, wɔanwene fi ne soro kosi ne fam a enni mpamee. 24 Asraafo no nyinaa kae se, “Mommma yɛnntetew mu. Momma yɛmmɔ so ntonto na yenhu onipa a obenya.” Ade a wɔyɛe yi sii sɛnea ɛbɛyɛ a Kyerɛwsɛm a ɛka se, ‘Wɔkyekyɛɛ me ntade mu, bɔɔ so ntonto fae’ no bɛba mu. Nea asraafo no yɛe ne no.

25 Nnipa a na wogyina Yesu asɛnnua no ho pɛɛ no ne ne na, ne na nuabea, Maria, a ɔyɛ Klopa yere ne Maria Magdalene. 26 Yesu huu ne na ne osuani a ɔdɔ no no sɛ ogyina hɔ no, ɔka kyerɛɛ ne na se, “Ɔbea, wo ba ni.”

27 Afei ɔka kyerɛɛ osuani no se, “Wo na ni.” Efi saa bere no, osuani no faa no ne no kɔtenae.

Yesu wu

28 Saa bere no, Yesu hui sɛ afei de biribiara aba n’awiei, na sɛnea ɛbɛyɛ a Kyerɛwsɛm no bɛba mu no nti, ɔkae se, “Osukɔm de me.” 29 Wɔde sapɔw a etua hisope ano bɔɔ nsa a emu keka mu de kaa n’ano.

30 Yesu nom wiei no, ɔkae se, “Mawie!” Ɔkaa eyi wiei no, osii ne ti ase na ogyaa mu.

31 Na ahosiesie da no adu a n’adekyee so wobedi Twam Afahyɛ no. Saa da no ara nso ɛyɛ Homeda. Esiane sɛ na Yudafo no mpɛ sɛ wɔma amu no sensɛn asɛnnua no so nti, wɔkɔka kyerɛɛ Pilato se wɔpɛ sɛ wobubu nnipa no nan sɛnea ɛbɛyɛ a wobetumi ayiyi wɔn amu no afi asɛnnua no so. 32 Asraafo no kobubuu ɔbarima a odi kan a ɔka nnipa baanu a wɔbɔɔ wɔne Yesu asɛnnuam ho no nan; wowiei no, wokobubuu ɔbarima a ɔto so abien no nso nan. 33 Nanso woduu Yesu so no, wohui sɛ ɔno de, na wawu dedaw enti wɔammubu ne nan bi. 34 Asraafo no mu baako de ne peaw wɔɔ ne mfe maa mogyasufi fi ne mfe mu bae. 35 Onipa a ohuu nea esii yi no, na wadi ho adanse. N’adanse no yɛ nokware. Onim sɛ nea ɔka no yɛ nokware. Odi adanse sɛnea ɛbɛyɛ a mo nso mubegye adi. 36 , 37 Eyinom nyinaa sii sɛnea ɛbɛyɛ a Kyerɛwsɛm a ɛka se, “Wɔremmu ne dompe bi” ne “Nnipa bɛhwɛ onipa a wɔwɔɔ ne mfe mu peaw” no bɛba mu.

Wosie Yesu

38 Eyi akyi no, Yosef a ofi Arimatea a esiane Yudafo ho hu nti, na ɔyɛ Yesu suani wɔ kokoam no kɔsrɛɛ Pilato se ɔmma no kwan na onkoyi Yesu amu no. Pilato penee n’adesrɛ no so, ɛno nti, okoyii Yesu amu no. 39 Nikodemo a da bi anadwo ɔkɔɔ Yesu nkyɛn no nso de krobow ne aduhuam mfrafrae bɛyɛ nkaribo ɔha bae. 40 Wɔn baanu no de nwera ne aduhuam mfrafrae no kyekyeree Yesu amu no sɛnea Yudafo kwan a wɔfa so sie wɔn amu no te no. 41 Na ɔboda foforo bi a wonsiee obi wɔ mu da wɔ turo bi a ɛwɔ baabi a wɔbɔɔ Yesu asɛnnuam no. 42 Esiane sɛ na saa ɔboda no bɛn no nti, wosiee Yesu amu no wɔ hɔ.