Job’s Character and Wealth
1[a]There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job; and that man was blameless and upright, and one who feared God [with reverence] and abstained from and turned away from evil [because he honored God]. 2 Seven sons and three daughters were born to him. 3 He also possessed 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 yoke (pairs) of oxen, 500 female donkeys, and a very great number of servants, so that this man was the greatest [and wealthiest and most respected] of all the men of the east (northern Arabia). 4 His sons used to go [in turn] and feast in the house of each one on his [b]day, and they would send word and invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 5 When the days of their feasting were over, Job would send [for them] and consecrate them, rising early in the morning and offering burnt offerings according to the number of them all; for Job said, “It may be that my sons have sinned and [c]cursed God in their hearts.” Job did this at all [such] times.
6 Now there was a day when the sons of God (angels) came to present themselves before the [d]Lord, and Satan (adversary, accuser) also came among them. 7 The Lord said to Satan, “From where have you come?” Then Satan answered the Lord, “From roaming around on the earth and from walking around on it.” 8 The Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered and reflected on My servant Job? For there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God [with reverence] and abstains from and turns away from evil [because he honors God].” 9 Then Satan answered the Lord, “Does Job fear God for nothing? 10 Have You not put a hedge [of protection] around him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands [and conferred prosperity and happiness upon him], and his possessions have increased in the land. 11 But put forth Your hand now and touch (destroy) all that he has, and he will surely curse You to Your face.” 12 Then the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, all that Job has is in your power, only do not put your hand on the man himself.” So Satan departed from the presence of the Lord.
Satan Allowed to Test Job
13 Now there was a day when Job’s sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 14 and a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys were feeding beside them, 15 and the [e]Sabeans attacked and swooped down on them and took away the animals. They also killed the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 16 While he was still speaking, another [messenger] also came and said, “The fire of God (lightning) has fallen from the heavens and has burned up the sheep and the servants and consumed them, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 17 While he was still speaking, another [messenger] also came and said, “The [f]Chaldeans formed three bands and made a raid on the camels and have taken them away and have killed the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 18 While he was still speaking, another [messenger] also came and said, “Your sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 19 and suddenly, a great wind came from across the desert, and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people and they died, and I alone have escaped to tell you.”
20 Then Job got up and tore his robe and shaved his head [in mourning for the children], and he fell to the ground and worshiped [God]. 21 He said,
“Naked (without possessions) I came [into this world] from my mother’s womb,
And naked I will return there.
The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away;
Blessed be the name of the Lord.”
22 Through all this Job did not sin nor did he blame God.
Notas al pie
- Job 1:1 The written structure of this book is unusual because it combines prose and poetry. No other book in the Bible uses this prose-poetry-prose pattern. Chapters 1 and 2 are prose, and introduce the poetic monologues and dialogues that comprise the essence of the story of Job. The opening verse of each of the intervening chapters is also prose as is the denouement in ch 42:7-17. A slightly longer introductory prose section is in ch 32:1-6a. Job is probably the most ancient book in the Bible and in addition to its biblical message it is highly regarded as a literary masterpiece.
- Job 1:4 Lit house of each man his day. It has been inferred by some that his refers to Job, and that his day was Job’s birthday or some other special occasion for him. But the Hebrew wording indicates instead that his refers to each of the brothers in turn, and since there were seven of them, it follows that they held a banquet every day of the week, rotating from house to house, as is also indicated in v 5. This is evidence both of the brothers’ prosperity and the close relationship they maintained with one another.
- Job 1:5 Lit blessed, a euphemism for “cursed.” The very idea of cursing God was so repugnant and sacrilegious to the godly that they would not use the word in speech or thought.
- Job 1:6 Heb YHWH (Yahweh), and so throughout chs 1, 2, 12, 38, 40, 42.
- Job 1:15 Terrorizing robbers from SW Arabia.
- Job 1:17 Marauding nomads from the Arabian desert. Much later the Chaldeans became the dominant people in the Babylonian Empire.
O carácter e a riqueza de Job
1Havia um homem chamado Job que vivia na terra de Uz; era uma pessoa reta que temia a Deus e se afastava do mal. 2Tinha sete filhos e três filhas. 3Era também muito rico; possuía 7000 ovelhas, 3000 camelos, 500 juntas de bois e 500 jumentas, tendo ao seu serviço um número considerável de pessoas. Era, sem dúvida, o homem mais rico entre todos os do Oriente.
4Os seus filhos costumavam juntar-se para comerem e beberem juntos na casa de cada um, à vez, convidando também as três irmãs. Nessas ocasiões comiam e bebiam abundantemente. 5Quando aquelas festanças acabavam, e por vezes prolongavam-se por vários dias, Job mandava chamar os filhos e santificava-os, levantando-se de manhã cedo e oferecendo um holocausto por cada um deles, porque Job pensava desta forma: “Talvez os meus filhos tenham pecado e tenham ofendido a Deus nos seus corações!” Essa era a razão por que fazia isso regularmente.
Job é sujeito à primeira prova
6Um dia, os anjos vieram apresentar-se perante o Senhor e Satanás veio com eles. 7“Donde vens?”, perguntou o Senhor a Satanás. Respondeu-lhe: “De passear pela Terra.”
8“Reparaste no meu servo Job e como não há na Terra ninguém semelhante a ele? É um homem reto que teme a Deus e se afasta do mal!”
9“Sim, mas não é para admirar; ele é assim porque tu o recompensas!”, respondeu Satanás. 10“Ele tem da tua parte proteção garantida para a sua casa e para os seus bens; fizeste-o prosperar em tudo o que faz, por isso, é tão rico! Não admira pois que te adore! 11Contudo, basta que lhe tires as riquezas e verás como te amaldiçoa na cara!”
12E o Senhor replicou-lhe: “Podes fazer o que quiseres com tudo o que lhe pertence, mas não lhe toques fisicamente.”
E Satanás retirou-se da presença do Senhor.
13Sucedeu que estando os filhos e as filhas de Job a comer e a beber vinho em casa do irmão mais velho, 14um mensageiro veio a correr à casa de Job com esta notícia: “Os teus bois estavam a lavrar e as jumentas a pastar ao lado. 15Chegaram os sabeus que caíram sobre os animais e mataram os guardadores; só eu escapei!”
16Ainda este não tinha acabado de falar quando se chegou outro: “Veio fogo do céu sobre as ovelhas e os pastores todos; só eu consegui escapar e vim logo trazer-te a notícia!”
17Mal este tinha acabado de falar, eis que um terceiro chega: “Apareceram três bandos de caldeus que deram sobre os camelos e mataram os teus criados; só eu escapei e consegui vir até aqui para te dar a notícia!”
18Imediatamente após este, apareceu ainda outro a dizer: “Teus filhos e filhas estavam a fazer uma festa na casa do mais velho. 19Subitamente, levantou-se um forte vento do deserto que fez ruir a casa sobre os que lá estavam, morrendo todos; só eu escapei!”
20Então Job levantou-se, rasgou a roupa que trazia e rapou o cabelo; ficou profundamente abatido e prostrou-se no chão na presença de Deus:
21“Saí nu do ventre de minha mãe
e nada levarei quando morrer.
Foi o Senhor que me deu tudo o possuía,
por isso, tinha o direito de tornar levar
aquilo que afinal lhe pertencia.
Que o Senhor seja louvado!”
22Em tudo isto Job não pecou nem atribuiu a Deus culpa alguma pelo sucedido.