Amplified Bible

Job 1

Job’s Character and Wealth

1[a]There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job; and that man was blameless and upright, and one who feared God [with reverence] and abstained from and turned away from evil [because he honored God]. Seven sons and three daughters were born to him. He also possessed 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 yoke (pairs) of oxen, 500 female donkeys, and a very great number of servants, so that this man was the greatest [and wealthiest and most respected] of all the men of the east (northern Arabia). His sons used to go [in turn] and feast in the house of each one on his [b]day, and they would send word and invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. When the days of their feasting were over, Job would send [for them] and consecrate them, rising early in the morning and offering burnt offerings according to the number of them all; for Job said, “It may be that my sons have sinned and [c]cursed God in their hearts.” Job did this at all [such] times.

Now there was a day when the sons of God (angels) came to present themselves before the [d]Lord, and Satan (adversary, accuser) also came among them. The Lord said to Satan, “From where have you come?” Then Satan answered the Lord, “From roaming around on the earth and from walking around on it.” The Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered and reflected on My servant Job? For there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God [with reverence] and abstains from and turns away from evil [because he honors God].” Then Satan answered the Lord, “Does Job fear God for nothing? 10 Have You not put a hedge [of protection] around him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands [and conferred prosperity and happiness upon him], and his possessions have increased in the land. 11 But put forth Your hand now and touch (destroy) all that he has, and he will surely curse You to Your face.” 12 Then the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, all that Job has is in your power, only do not put your hand on the man himself.” So Satan departed from the presence of the Lord.

Satan Allowed to Test Job

13 Now there was a day when Job’s sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 14 and a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys were feeding beside them, 15 and the [e]Sabeans attacked and swooped down on them and took away the animals. They also killed the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 16 While he was still speaking, another [messenger] also came and said, “The fire of God (lightning) has fallen from the heavens and has burned up the sheep and the servants and consumed them, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 17 While he was still speaking, another [messenger] also came and said, “The [f]Chaldeans formed three bands and made a raid on the camels and have taken them away and have killed the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 18 While he was still speaking, another [messenger] also came and said, “Your sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 19 and suddenly, a great wind came from across the desert, and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people and they died, and I alone have escaped to tell you.”

20 Then Job got up and tore his robe and shaved his head [in mourning for the children], and he fell to the ground and worshiped [God]. 21 He said,

“Naked (without possessions) I came [into this world] from my mother’s womb,
And naked I will return there.
The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away;
Blessed be the name of the Lord.”

22 Through all this Job did not sin nor did he blame God.

Notas al pie

  1. Job 1:1 The written structure of this book is unusual because it combines prose and poetry. No other book in the Bible uses this prose-poetry-prose pattern. Chapters 1 and 2 are prose, and introduce the poetic monologues and dialogues that comprise the essence of the story of Job. The opening verse of each of the intervening chapters is also prose as is the denouement in ch 42:7-17. A slightly longer introductory prose section is in ch 32:1-6a. Job is probably the most ancient book in the Bible and in addition to its biblical message it is highly regarded as a literary masterpiece.
  2. Job 1:4 Lit house of each man his day. It has been inferred by some that his refers to Job, and that his day was Job’s birthday or some other special occasion for him. But the Hebrew wording indicates instead that his refers to each of the brothers in turn, and since there were seven of them, it follows that they held a banquet every day of the week, rotating from house to house, as is also indicated in v 5. This is evidence both of the brothers’ prosperity and the close relationship they maintained with one another.
  3. Job 1:5 Lit blessed, a euphemism for “cursed.” The very idea of cursing God was so repugnant and sacrilegious to the godly that they would not use the word in speech or thought.
  4. Job 1:6 Heb YHWH (Yahweh), and so throughout chs 1, 2, 12, 38, 40, 42.
  5. Job 1:15 Terrorizing robbers from SW Arabia.
  6. Job 1:17 Marauding nomads from the Arabian desert. Much later the Chaldeans became the dominant people in the Babylonian Empire.

Nueva Versión Internacional (Castilian)

Job 1

Prólogo

1En la región de Uz había un hombre recto e intachable, que temía a Dios y vivía apartado del mal. Este hombre se llamaba Job. Tenía siete hijos y tres hijas; era dueño de siete mil ovejas, tres mil camellos, quinientas yuntas de bueyes y quinientas asnas, y su servidumbre era muy numerosa. Entre todos los habitantes del oriente era el personaje de mayor renombre.

Sus hijos acostumbraban a turnarse para celebrar banquetes en sus respectivas casas, e invitaban a sus tres hermanas a comer y beber con ellos. Una vez terminado el ciclo de los banquetes, Job se aseguraba de que sus hijos se purificaran. Muy de mañana ofrecía un holocausto por cada uno de ellos, pues pensaba: «Tal vez mis hijos hayan pecado y maldecido[a] en su corazón a Dios». Para Job esta era una costumbre cotidiana.

Primera prueba de Job

Llegó el día en que los ángeles[b] debían hacer acto de presencia ante el Señor, y con ellos se presentó también Satanás. Y el Señor le preguntó:

―¿De dónde vienes?

―Vengo de rondar la tierra, y de recorrerla de un extremo a otro —le respondió Satanás.

―¿Te has puesto a pensar en mi siervo Job? —volvió a preguntarle el Señor—. No hay en la tierra nadie como él; es un hombre recto e intachable, que me honra y vive apartado del mal.

Satanás replicó:

―¿Y acaso Job te honra sin recibir nada a cambio? 10 ¿Acaso no están bajo tu protección él y su familia y todas sus posesiones? De tal modo has bendecido la obra de sus manos que sus rebaños y ganados llenan toda la tierra. 11 Pero extiende la mano y quítale todo lo que posee, ¡a ver si no te maldice en tu propia cara!

12 ―Muy bien —le contestó el Señor—. Todas sus posesiones están en tus manos, con la condición de que a él no le pongas la mano encima.

Dicho esto, Satanás se retiró de la presencia del Señor.

13 Llegó el día en que los hijos y las hijas de Job celebraban un banquete en casa de su hermano mayor. 14 Entonces un mensajero llegó y le dijo a Job: «Mientras los bueyes araban y los asnos pastaban por allí cerca, 15 nos atacaron los de Sabá y se los llevaron. A los criados los mataron a filo de espada. ¡Solo yo pude escapar, y ahora vengo a contártelo!»

16 No había terminado de hablar este mensajero cuando llegó otro y dijo: «Del cielo cayó un rayo que calcinó a las ovejas y a los criados. ¡Solo yo pude escapar para venir a contártelo!»

17 No había terminado de hablar este mensajero cuando otro más llegó y dijo: «Unos salteadores caldeos vinieron y, dividiéndose en tres grupos, se apoderaron de los camellos y se los llevaron. A los criados los mataron a filo de espada. ¡Solo yo pude escapar, y ahora vengo a contártelo!»

18 Aún no había terminado de hablar este mensajero cuando otro llegó y dijo: «Tus hijos e hijas estaban celebrando un banquete[c] en casa del mayor de todos ellos 19 y, de pronto, un fuerte viento del desierto dio contra la casa y derribó sus cuatro esquinas. ¡La casa cayó sobre los jóvenes, y todos murieron! ¡Solo yo pude escapar, y ahora vengo a contártelo!»

20 En ese momento, Job se levantó, se rasgó las vestiduras, se rasuró la cabeza, y luego, abatido, cayó al suelo en actitud de adoración. 21 Entonces dijo:

«Desnudo salí del vientre de mi madre,
    y desnudo he de partir.[d]
El Señor ha dado; el Señor ha quitado.
    ¡Bendito sea el nombre del Señor

22 A pesar de todo esto, Job no pecó ni le echó la culpa a Dios.[e]

Notas al pie

  1. 1:5 maldecido. Lit. bendecido; este eufemismo se usa también en 1:11; 2:5,9.
  2. 1:6 ángeles. Lit. hijos de Dios.
  3. 1:18 celebrando un banquete. Lit. comiendo y bebiendo vino.
  4. 1:21 he de partir. Alt. he de volver allí.
  5. 1:22 ni le echó la culpa a Dios. Lit. ni dio oración a Dios; véase nota en 1:5.