Amplified Bible

Hebrews 9

The Old and the New

1Now even the first covenant had regulations for divine worship and for the earthly sanctuary. A tabernacle (sacred tent) was put up, the outer one or first section, in which were the lampstand and the table with [its loaves of] the sacred showbread; this is called the Holy Place. Behind the second veil there was another tabernacle [the inner one or second section] known as the Holy of Holies, [a]having the golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered entirely with gold. This contained a golden jar which held the manna, and the rod of Aaron that sprouted, and the [two stone] tablets of the covenant [inscribed with the Ten Commandments]; and above the ark were the [golden] cherubim of glory overshadowing [b]the mercy seat; but we cannot now go into detail about these things.

Now when these things have been prepared in this way, the priests continually enter the outer [or first section of the] tabernacle [that is, the Holy Place] performing [their ritual acts of] the divine worship, but into the second [inner tabernacle, the Holy of Holies], only the high priest enters [and then only] once a year, and never without [bringing a sacrifice of] blood, which he offers [as a substitutionary atonement] for himself and for the sins of the people committed in ignorance. By this the Holy Spirit signifies that the way into the Holy Place [the true Holy of Holies and the presence of God] has not yet been disclosed as long as the [c]first or outer tabernacle is still standing [that is, as long as the Levitical system of worship remains a recognized institution], for this [first or outer tabernacle] is a symbol [that is, an archetype or paradigm] for the present time. Accordingly both gifts and sacrifices are offered which are incapable of perfecting the conscience and renewing the [inner self of the] worshiper. 10 For they [the gifts, sacrifices, and ceremonies] deal only with [clean and unclean] food and drink and various ritual washings, [mere] external regulations for the body imposed [to help the worshipers] until the time of reformation [that is, the time of the new order when Christ will establish the reality of what these things foreshadow—a better covenant].

11 But when Christ appeared as a High Priest of the good things to come [that is, true spiritual worship], He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not a part of this [material] creation. 12 He went once for all into the Holy Place [the Holy of Holies of heaven, into the presence of God], and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, having obtained and secured eternal redemption [that is, the salvation of all who personally believe in Him as Savior]. 13 For if the sprinkling of [ceremonially] defiled persons with the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a [burnt] heifer is sufficient for the cleansing of the body, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal [Holy] Spirit willingly offered Himself unblemished [that is, without moral or spiritual imperfection as a sacrifice] to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works and lifeless observances to serve the ever living God?

15 For this reason He is the Mediator and Negotiator of a new covenant [that is, an entirely new agreement uniting God and man], so that those who have been called [by God] may receive [the fulfillment of] the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has taken place [as the payment] which redeems them from the sins committed under the obsolete first covenant. 16 For where there is a will and [d]testament involved, the death of the one who made it must be established, 17 for a will and testament takes effect [only] at death, since it is never in force as long as the one who made it is alive. 18 So even the first covenant was not put in force without [the shedding of] blood. 19 For when every commandment in the Law had been read by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of the calves and goats [which had been sacrificed], together with water and scarlet wool and with a bunch of hyssop, and he sprinkled both the scroll itself and all the people, 20 saying, “This is the blood of the covenant [that seals and ratifies the agreement] which God ordained and commanded [me to deliver to] you.” 21 And in the same way he sprinkled both the tabernacle and all the containers and sacred utensils of worship with the blood. 22 In fact under the Law almost everything is cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness [neither release from sin and its guilt, nor cancellation of the merited punishment].

23 Therefore it was necessary for the [earthly] copies of the heavenly things to be cleansed with these, but the heavenly things themselves required far better sacrifices than these. 24 For Christ did not enter into a holy place made with hands, a mere copy of the true one, but [He entered] into heaven itself, now to appear in the very presence of God on our behalf; 25 nor did He [enter into the heavenly sanctuary to] offer Himself again and again, as the high priest enters the Holy Place every year with blood that is not his own. 26 Otherwise, He would have needed to suffer over and over since the foundation of the world; but now once for all at the consummation of the ages He has appeared and been publicly manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. 27 And just as it is appointed and destined for all men to die once and after this [comes certain] judgment, 28 so Christ, having been offered once and once for all to bear [as a burden] [e]the sins of many, will appear a second time [when he returns to earth], not to deal with sin, but to bring salvation to those who are eagerly and confidently waiting for Him.

Notas al pie

  1. Hebrews 9:4 The Greek participle translated “having” probably conveys the notion of “associated with it” and hence refers to the fact that the altar of incense, although located in the Holy Place according to Ex 30:6, here does not refer to location but to use, given the fact that the incense wafted behind the veil into the Holy of Holies.
  2. Hebrews 9:5 I.e. the lid of the ark where blood was sprinkled by the high priest.
  3. Hebrews 9:8 During the age of the old covenant a worshiper had no direct access to God.
  4. Hebrews 9:16 This Greek word may also be translated “covenant” as in v 18 and the author may be engaging in deliberate word play here playing off of both meanings.
  5. Hebrews 9:28 See Is 53:10-12.

Nueva Versión Internacional

Hebreos 9

El culto en el tabernáculo terrenal

1Ahora bien, el primer pacto tenía sus normas para el culto, y un santuario terrenal. En efecto, se habilitó un tabernáculo de tal modo que en su primera parte, llamada el Lugar Santo, estaban el candelabro, la mesa y los panes consagrados. Tras la segunda cortina estaba la parte llamada el Lugar Santísimo, el cual tenía el altar de oro para el incienso y el arca del pacto, toda recubierta de oro. Dentro del arca había una urna de oro que contenía el maná, la vara de Aarón que había retoñado, y las tablas del pacto. Encima del arca estaban los querubines de la gloria, que cubrían con su sombra el lugar de la expiación.[a] Pero ahora no se puede hablar de eso en detalle.

Así dispuestas todas estas cosas, los sacerdotes entran continuamente en la primera parte del tabernáculo para celebrar el culto. Pero en la segunda parte entra únicamente el sumo sacerdote, y solo una vez al año, provisto siempre de sangre que ofrece por sí mismo y por los pecados de ignorancia cometidos por el pueblo. Con esto el Espíritu Santo da a entender que, mientras siga en pie el primer tabernáculo, aún no se habrá revelado el camino que conduce al Lugar Santísimo. Esto nos ilustra hoy día que las ofrendas y los sacrificios que allí se ofrecen no tienen poder alguno para perfeccionar la conciencia de los que celebran ese culto. 10 No se trata más que de reglas externas relacionadas con alimentos, bebidas y diversas ceremonias de purificación, válidas solo hasta el tiempo señalado para reformarlo todo.

La sangre de Cristo

11 Cristo, por el contrario, al presentarse como sumo sacerdote de los bienes definitivos[b] en el tabernáculo más excelente y perfecto, no hecho por manos humanas (es decir, que no es de esta creación), 12 entró una sola vez y para siempre en el Lugar Santísimo. No lo hizo con sangre de machos cabríos y becerros, sino con su propia sangre, logrando así un rescate eterno. 13 La sangre de machos cabríos y de toros, y las cenizas de una novilla rociadas sobre personas impuras, las santifican de modo que quedan limpias por fuera. 14 Si esto es así, ¡cuánto más la sangre de Cristo, quien por medio del Espíritu eterno se ofreció sin mancha a Dios, purificará nuestra conciencia de las obras que conducen a la muerte, a fin de que sirvamos al Dios viviente!

15 Por eso Cristo es mediador de un nuevo pacto, para que los llamados reciban la herencia eterna prometida, ahora que él ha muerto para liberarlos de los pecados cometidos bajo el primer pacto.

16 En el caso de un testamento,[c] es necesario constatar la muerte del testador, 17 pues un testamento solo adquiere validez cuando el testador muere, y no entra en vigor mientras vive. 18 De ahí que ni siquiera el primer pacto se haya establecido sin sangre. 19 Después de promulgar todos los mandamientos de la ley a todo el pueblo, Moisés tomó la sangre de los becerros junto con agua, lana escarlata y ramas de hisopo, y roció el libro de la ley y a todo el pueblo, 20 diciendo: «Esta es la sangre del pacto que Dios ha mandado que ustedes cumplan».[d] 21 De la misma manera roció con la sangre el tabernáculo y todos los objetos que se usaban en el culto. 22 De hecho, la ley exige que casi todo sea purificado con sangre, pues sin derramamiento de sangre no hay perdón.

23 Así que era necesario que las copias de las realidades celestiales fueran purificadas con esos sacrificios, pero que las realidades mismas lo fueran con sacrificios superiores a aquellos. 24 En efecto, Cristo no entró en un santuario hecho por manos humanas, simple copia del verdadero santuario, sino en el cielo mismo, para presentarse ahora ante Dios en favor nuestro. 25 Ni entró en el cielo para ofrecerse vez tras vez, como entra el sumo sacerdote en el Lugar Santísimo cada año con sangre ajena. 26 Si así fuera, Cristo habría tenido que sufrir muchas veces desde la creación del mundo. Al contrario, ahora, al final de los tiempos, se ha presentado una sola vez y para siempre a fin de acabar con el pecado mediante el sacrificio de sí mismo. 27 Y así como está establecido que los seres humanos mueran una sola vez, y después venga el juicio, 28 también Cristo fue ofrecido en sacrificio una sola vez para quitar los pecados de muchos; y aparecerá por segunda vez, ya no para cargar con pecado alguno, sino para traer salvación a quienes lo esperan.

Notas al pie

  1. 9:5 el lugar de la expiación. Lit. el propiciatorio.
  2. 9:11 definitivos. Var. venideros.
  3. 9:15-16 En griego la misma palabra se emplea para pacto y para testamento; también en v. 17.
  4. 9:20 Éx 24:8