1In the beginning God ([a]Elohim) [b]created [by forming from nothing] the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was [c]formless and void or a waste and emptiness, and darkness was upon the face of the deep [primeval ocean that covered the unformed earth]. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters. 3 And God said, [d]“Let there be light”; and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good (pleasing, useful) and [e]He affirmed and sustained it; and God separated the light [distinguishing it] from the darkness. 5 And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was [f]evening and there was [g]morning, one day.
6 And God said, “Let there be an [h]expanse [of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below the expanse] from the waters [above the expanse].” 7 And God made the expanse [of sky] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so [just as He commanded]. 8 God called the expanse [of sky] heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
9 Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place [of standing, pooling together], and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that this was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it. 11 So God said, “Let the earth sprout [tender] [i]vegetation, [j]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind, whose seed is in them upon the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth sprouted and abundantly produced vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, according to their kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.
14 Then God said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be useful for signs (tokens) [of God’s provident care], and for marking seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be useful as lights in the expanse of the heavens to provide light on the earth”; and it was so, [just as He commanded]. 16 God made the two great lights—the greater light (the sun) to rule the day, and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night; He made the [galaxies of] stars also [that is, all the amazing wonders in the heavens]. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to provide light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
20 Then God said, “Let the waters swarm and abundantly produce living creatures, and let birds soar above the earth [k]in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind: livestock, crawling things, and wild animals of the earth according to their kinds”; and it was so [because He had spoken them into creation]. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, and the cattle according to their kind, and everything that creeps and crawls on the earth according to its kind; and God saw that it was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it.
26 Then God said, “Let Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) make man in Our image, according to Our likeness [not physical, but a spiritual personality and moral likeness]; and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, and over the entire earth, and over everything that creeps and crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them [granting them certain authority] and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subjugate it [putting it under your power]; and rule over (dominate) the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 So God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that moves on the ground—to everything in which there is the breath of life—I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so [because He commanded it]. 31 God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good and He validated it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.
Notas al pie
- Genesis 1:1 This is originally a plural form based on el (root meaning: strength), which itself is used to refer to God in compounds like El Shaddai (Almighty God). The word el is also used to refer to false gods, so the context determines whether Elohim means “God” or is better understood as “gods” (elohim).
- Genesis 1:1 Heb bara. Here and in 1:21, God created from nothing which is something only He can do. In 1:27, God used preexisting materials (man from the dust of the ground; Eve from Adam’s rib); each use of the word bara (“create”) must be considered in its specific context.
- Genesis 1:2 The Hebrew text here has two rhyming words, tohu and bohu, which have similar meanings of “wasteness” and “emptiness.” The construction is a figure of speech called hendiadys, in which two words are used together to express the same idea. The meaning is that the earth had no clearly discernible features at this point in creation but essentially was a mass of raw materials. This proves to be very important from philosophical and scientific viewpoints, because it documents the fact that the raw matter of the earth—and by extension, of the universe—did not coexist eternally with God, but was created by Him ex nihilo (Latin “out of nothing”).
- Genesis 1:3 This is not in the imperative mood (the ordinary grammatical form for a command), but God willed these creative events into existence. It is the voluntative mood in Hebrew. This translates, “It is My will that this happen.” English does not have the voluntative mood, which includes the jussive and cohortative forms. When “let” is used in this way, it represents a command not in the imperative mood, but rather an expression of God’s will, the jussive form. God literally commanded (willed) the world into existence.
- Genesis 1:4 “He affirmed and sustained it” is understood (deduced) from the context. The italic “and” alerts the reader or student of Hebrew that the word or words that follow are amplifications not found in the Hebrew text itself, but implied by it or by contextual factors.
- Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “evening” indicates dusk or sunset.
- Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “morning” indicates the time when it is getting light (dawn).
- Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament.
- Genesis 1:11 Or grass.
- Genesis 1:11 Or herbs.
- Genesis 1:20 Lit over the face of.
1No princípio Deus criou o céu e a Terra. 2 Esta era de início um caos e como uma massa amorfa, com o Espírito de Deus planando sobre os vapores que enchiam as trevas.
3 Então Deus disse: “Haja luz!” E a luz apareceu. 4 Deus viu que a luz era boa e demarcou o aparecimento da luz em relação à escuridão. 5 Ao tempo durante o qual a luz brilhou chamou dia e à escuridão chamou noite. Essa sequência formou o primeiro dia.
6 E Deus disse: “Que os vapores se separem, deixando que haja uma atmosfera acima da terra e águas na sua superfície!” 7 Foi assim que Deus formou o firmamento e separou as águas que estão na Terra das que se encontram na atmosfera. 8 E Deus chamou a este firmamento céu. Foi a tarde e veio a manhã, era o segundo dia.
9 E disse mais: “Que as águas à superfície da Terra se juntem, formando mares e oceanos, deixando aparecer a parte seca!” E assim foi. 10 A essa parte seca emergindo entre as águas chamou-lhe terra e às águas mar. E Deus viu que isso era bom.
11-12 Disse Deus: “Que a terra produza toda a espécie de vegetação! Plantas que deem sementes, árvores que produzam frutos, frutos que contenham em si mesmos as sementes de acordo com a espécie donde vêm.” E assim foi. E Deus viu que tudo isso era bom. 13 Estas coisas deram-se ao terceiro dia.
14 Deus disse ainda: “Que no firmamento haja fontes de luz que iluminem a Terra e demarquem o dia e a noite! Servirão também para estabelecer a sucessão das estações e a sequência dos dias e dos anos.” 15-18 E assim aconteceu. Deus fez pois duas grandes fontes de luz: o Sol e a Lua para iluminarem a Terra. O Sol, maior, para dirigir o dia, e a Lua, mais pequena, para brilhar durante a noite. Deus fez também as estrelas. Foi assim que fixou essas fontes de luz no firmamento, para iluminarem a Terra, para determinarem os dias e as noites, para separarem a luz das trevas. E Deus viu que isso era bom. 19 Isto deu-se no quarto dia.
20 E disse mais: “Que as águas se encham de peixes e de várias espécies de vida! Que os céus também sejam atravessados por aves de toda a espécie!” 21 Foi assim que Deus criou os grandes animais marinhos e toda a qualidade de vida aquática, tal como toda a sorte de pássaros, os quais se haviam de reproduzir sempre segundo as suas espécies. E Deus viu que isso era bom. 22 E abençoou-os: “Multipliquem-se e encham os mares e as águas!” E aos pássaros e animais alados ordenou: “Que o vosso número aumente multiplicadamente, encham a Terra!” 23 E aconteceu isto no quinto dia.
24 Deus disse: “Que na terra apareça toda a qualidade de vida animal! Quadrúpedes, rastejantes, animais selvagens de toda a sorte, reproduzindo-se de acordo com a sua espécie.” E assim aconteceu. 25 Deus fez toda a qualidade de animais sobre a terra; cada um segundo a sua espécie. E viu que tudo quanto tinha feito era bom.
26 Disse mais Deus: “Façamos o homem, um ser semelhante a nós! Que ele domine sobre os peixes do mar e as aves do céu, sobre os animais domésticos e selvagens e sobre todas as criaturas que andam sobre a terra!”
27 Deus criou então o homem à sua imagem;
assim à imagem de Deus o criou.
Homem e mulher, assim os criou.
28 Deus abençoou-os e disse-lhes: “Multipliquem-se, encham a Terra, dominem-na e também toda a vida animal da terra, dos mares e dos ares! 29 Dou-vos todas as plantas que produzem sementes e toda a espécie de frutos para alimento. 30 A todos os animais dou igualmente como alimento a vida vegetal.” E foi assim que aconteceu.
31 Deus viu que tudo quanto tinha feito era muito bom. Assim, passou o sexto dia.