1In the beginning God ([a]Elohim) [b]created [by forming from nothing] the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was [c]formless and void or a waste and emptiness, and darkness was upon the face of the deep [primeval ocean that covered the unformed earth]. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters. 3 And God said, [d]“Let there be light”; and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good (pleasing, useful) and [e]He affirmed and sustained it; and God separated the light [distinguishing it] from the darkness. 5 And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was [f]evening and there was [g]morning, one day.
6 And God said, “Let there be an [h]expanse [of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below the expanse] from the waters [above the expanse].” 7 And God made the expanse [of sky] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so [just as He commanded]. 8 God called the expanse [of sky] heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
9 Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place [of standing, pooling together], and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that this was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it. 11 So God said, “Let the earth sprout [tender] [i]vegetation, [j]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind, whose seed is in them upon the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth sprouted and abundantly produced vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, according to their kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.
14 Then God said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be useful for signs (tokens) [of God’s provident care], and for marking seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be useful as lights in the expanse of the heavens to provide light on the earth”; and it was so, [just as He commanded]. 16 God made the two great lights—the greater light (the sun) to rule the day, and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night; He made the [galaxies of] stars also [that is, all the amazing wonders in the heavens]. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to provide light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
20 Then God said, “Let the waters swarm and abundantly produce living creatures, and let birds soar above the earth [k]in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind: livestock, crawling things, and wild animals of the earth according to their kinds”; and it was so [because He had spoken them into creation]. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, and the cattle according to their kind, and everything that creeps and crawls on the earth according to its kind; and God saw that it was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it.
26 Then God said, “Let Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) make man in Our image, according to Our likeness [not physical, but a spiritual personality and moral likeness]; and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, and over the entire earth, and over everything that creeps and crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them [granting them certain authority] and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subjugate it [putting it under your power]; and rule over (dominate) the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 So God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that moves on the ground—to everything in which there is the breath of life—I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so [because He commanded it]. 31 God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good and He validated it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.
Notas al pie
- Genesis 1:1 This is originally a plural form based on el (root meaning: strength), which itself is used to refer to God in compounds like El Shaddai (Almighty God). The word el is also used to refer to false gods, so the context determines whether Elohim means “God” or is better understood as “gods” (elohim).
- Genesis 1:1 Heb bara. Here and in 1:21, God created from nothing which is something only He can do. In 1:27, God used preexisting materials (man from the dust of the ground; Eve from Adam’s rib); each use of the word bara (“create”) must be considered in its specific context.
- Genesis 1:2 The Hebrew text here has two rhyming words, tohu and bohu, which have similar meanings of “wasteness” and “emptiness.” The construction is a figure of speech called hendiadys, in which two words are used together to express the same idea. The meaning is that the earth had no clearly discernible features at this point in creation but essentially was a mass of raw materials. This proves to be very important from philosophical and scientific viewpoints, because it documents the fact that the raw matter of the earth—and by extension, of the universe—did not coexist eternally with God, but was created by Him ex nihilo (Latin “out of nothing”).
- Genesis 1:3 This is not in the imperative mood (the ordinary grammatical form for a command), but God willed these creative events into existence. It is the voluntative mood in Hebrew. This translates, “It is My will that this happen.” English does not have the voluntative mood, which includes the jussive and cohortative forms. When “let” is used in this way, it represents a command not in the imperative mood, but rather an expression of God’s will, the jussive form. God literally commanded (willed) the world into existence.
- Genesis 1:4 “He affirmed and sustained it” is understood (deduced) from the context. The italic “and” alerts the reader or student of Hebrew that the word or words that follow are amplifications not found in the Hebrew text itself, but implied by it or by contextual factors.
- Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “evening” indicates dusk or sunset.
- Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “morning” indicates the time when it is getting light (dawn).
- Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament.
- Genesis 1:11 Or grass.
- Genesis 1:11 Or herbs.
- Genesis 1:20 Lit over the face of.
1No princípio Deus criou os céus e a terra.
2Era a terra sem forma e vazia; trevas cobriam a face do abismo, e o Espírito de Deus se movia sobre a face das águas.
3Disse Deus: “Haja luz”, e houve luz.1.1-3 Ou Quando Deus começou a criar os céus e a terra 2 sendo a terra…, 3 disse Deus:… 4Deus viu que a luz era boa, e separou a luz das trevas. 5Deus chamou à luz dia, e às trevas chamou noite. Passaram-se a tarde e a manhã; esse foi o primeiro dia.
6Depois disse Deus: “Haja entre as águas um firmamento que separe águas de águas”. 7Então Deus fez o firmamento e separou as águas que ficaram abaixo do firmamento das que ficaram por cima. E assim foi. 8Ao firmamento, Deus chamou céu. Passaram-se a tarde e a manhã; esse foi o segundo dia.
9E disse Deus: “Ajuntem-se num só lugar as águas que estão debaixo do céu, e apareça a parte seca”. E assim foi. 10À parte seca Deus chamou terra, e chamou mares ao conjunto das águas. E Deus viu que ficou bom.
11Então disse Deus: “Cubra-se a terra de vegetação: plantas que deem sementes e árvores cujos frutos produzam sementes de acordo com as suas espécies”. E assim foi. 12A terra fez brotar a vegetação: plantas que dão sementes de acordo com as suas espécies, e árvores cujos frutos produzem sementes de acordo com as suas espécies. E Deus viu que ficou bom. 13Passaram-se a tarde e a manhã; esse foi o terceiro dia.
14Disse Deus: “Haja luminares no firmamento do céu para separar o dia da noite. Sirvam eles de sinais para marcar estações, dias e anos, 15e sirvam de luminares no firmamento do céu para iluminar a terra”. E assim foi. 16Deus fez os dois grandes luminares: o maior para governar o dia e o menor para governar a noite; fez também as estrelas. 17Deus os colocou no firmamento do céu para iluminar a terra, 18governar o dia e a noite, e separar a luz das trevas. E Deus viu que ficou bom. 19Passaram-se a tarde e a manhã; esse foi o quarto dia.
20Disse também Deus: “Encham-se as águas de seres vivos, e voem as aves sobre a terra, sob o firmamento do céu”. 21Assim Deus criou os grandes animais aquáticos e os demais seres vivos que povoam as águas, de acordo com as suas espécies; e todas as aves, de acordo com as suas espécies. E Deus viu que ficou bom. 22Então Deus os abençoou, dizendo: “Sejam férteis e multipliquem-se! Encham as águas dos mares! E multipliquem-se as aves na terra”. 23Passaram-se a tarde e a manhã; esse foi o quinto dia.
24E disse Deus: “Produza a terra seres vivos de acordo com as suas espécies: rebanhos domésticos, animais selvagens e os demais seres vivos da terra, cada um de acordo com a sua espécie”. E assim foi. 25Deus fez os animais selvagens de acordo com as suas espécies, os rebanhos domésticos de acordo com as suas espécies, e os demais seres vivos da terra de acordo com as suas espécies. E Deus viu que ficou bom.
26Então disse Deus: “Façamos o homem à nossa imagem, conforme a nossa semelhança. Domine ele1.26 Hebraico: Dominem eles. sobre os peixes do mar, sobre as aves do céu, sobre os grandes animais de toda a terra1.26 A Versão Siríaca diz sobre todos os animais selvagens da terra. e sobre todos os pequenos animais que se movem rente ao chão”.
27Criou Deus o homem à sua imagem,
à imagem de Deus o criou;
homem e mulher1.27 Hebraico: macho e fêmea. os criou.
28Deus os abençoou e lhes disse: “Sejam férteis e multipliquem-se! Encham e subjuguem a terra! Dominem sobre os peixes do mar, sobre as aves do céu e sobre todos os animais que se movem pela terra”.
29Disse Deus: “Eis que dou a vocês todas as plantas que nascem em toda a terra e produzem sementes, e todas as árvores que dão frutos com sementes. Elas servirão de alimento para vocês. 30E dou todos os vegetais como alimento a tudo o que tem em si fôlego de vida: a todos os grandes animais da terra1.30 Ou os animais selvagens, a todas as aves do céu e a todas as criaturas que se movem rente ao chão”. E assim foi.
31E Deus viu tudo o que havia feito, e tudo havia ficado muito bom. Passaram-se a tarde e a manhã; esse foi o sexto dia.