Proclamation of Cyrus
1Now in the [a]first year of [b]Cyrus king of Persia [that is, the first year he ruled Babylon], in order to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah [the prophet], the Lord stirred up (put in motion) the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying:
2 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The [c]Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and He has appointed me to build Him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 3 Whoever there is among you of all His people, may his God be with him! Let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah and rebuild the house of the Lord, the God of Israel; He is God who is in Jerusalem. 4 In any place where a survivor (Jewish exile) may live, let the men (Gentiles) of that place support him with silver and gold, with goods and cattle, together with freewill offerings for the house of God in Jerusalem.’”
Holy Articles Restored
5 Then the heads of the fathers’ households of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and Levites, all those whose spirits God had stirred up, [d]arose to go up and rebuild the house of the Lord which is in Jerusalem. 6 All those who were around them encouraged them with articles of silver, with gold, with goods, with cattle, and with valuable things, in addition to all that was given as a freewill offering. 7 Also King Cyrus brought out the articles of the house of the Lord, which Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from Jerusalem [when he captured that city] and had put in the house of his gods. 8 And Cyrus, king of Persia, had Mithredath the treasurer bring them out, and he counted them out to [e]Sheshbazzar, the governor (leader) of Judah. 9 And they counted: 30 dishes (basins) of gold, 1,000 dishes of silver, 29 duplicates; 10 30 [small] gold bowls, 410 [small] silver bowls of a second kind, and 1,000 other articles. 11 All the articles of gold and of silver totaled 5,400. All these Sheshbazzar [the governor] brought up with the exiles who went from Babylon up to Jerusalem.
Notas al pie
- Ezra 1:1 Cyrus the Great captured Babylon in Oct 539 b.c. This was about seventy years after the first Hebrew captives were taken to Babylon.
- Ezra 1:1 Cyrus the Great established the Persian Empire and ruled from 559-530 b.c. His kingdom extended from Turkey in the west to the Indus River in the east, covering most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia. He was a great soldier as well as a wise and benevolent king, whose respect for religious freedom led to the return of the Hebrew captives to Jerusalem. Ancient historians report that the tomb assumed to be his was visited by Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c.) when he conquered Persepolis in 330 b.c. The tomb still exists among the ruins of Pasargadae in modern Iran.
- Ezra 1:2 It is remarkable that Cyrus actually used God’s special name, the tetragrammaton YHWH (traditionally rendered “Lord”). Certainly Cyrus recognized the true God, but he probably considered Him as one of a number of existing gods, as was typical for a polytheist. For Cyrus God of heaven probably meant just that, along with God of Israel and the God who is in Jerusalem (v 3).
- Ezra 1:5 The Hebrew verb “to stand” or “arise” is often an instruction to get ready to fulfill a command, somewhat similar to the military command “attention.”
- Ezra 1:8 There is occasionally a debate over the identities of Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel. Sheshbazzar was an older Jewish official who was appointed by Cyrus and served in Judah (5:24). Zerubbabel was a younger man who was recognized as a political leader among the Jews. He was the son of Shealtiel and an ancestor of Jesus (5:2; Matt 1:12, 13).
Decreto de Ciro
1En el primer año del reinado de Ciro, rey de Persia, el Señor dispuso el corazón del rey para que este promulgara un decreto en todo su reino y así se cumpliera la palabra del Señor por medio del profeta Jeremías. Tanto oralmente como por escrito, el rey decretó lo siguiente:
2 «Esto es lo que ordena Ciro, rey de Persia:
»El Señor, Dios del cielo, que me ha dado todos los reinos de la tierra, me ha encargado que le construya un templo en la ciudad de Jerusalén, que está en Judá. 3 Por tanto, cualquiera que pertenezca a Judá, vaya a Jerusalén a construir el templo del Señor, Dios de Israel, el Dios que habita en Jerusalén; y que Dios lo acompañe. 4 También ordeno que los habitantes de cada lugar donde haya judíos sobrevivientes los ayuden dándoles plata y oro, bienes y ganado, y ofrendas voluntarias para el templo de Dios en Jerusalén».
El regreso de los judíos
5 Entonces los jefes de familia de Benjamín y de Judá, junto con los sacerdotes y levitas, es decir, con todos aquellos en cuyo corazón Dios puso el deseo de construir el templo, se dispusieron a ir a Jerusalén. 6 Todos sus vecinos los ayudaron con plata y oro, bienes y ganado, objetos valiosos y todo tipo de ofrendas voluntarias. 7 Además, el rey Ciro hizo sacar los utensilios que Nabucodonosor se había llevado del templo del Señor en Jerusalén y había depositado en el templo de su dios.[a] 8 Ciro los entregó a su tesorero Mitrídates, el cual los contó y se los pasó a Sesbasar, jefe de Judá.
9 El inventario de dichos utensilios fue el siguiente:
|tazones de oro||30|
|tazones de plata||1.000|
|10 tazas de oro||30|
|tazas de plata||410|
11 En total fueron cinco mil cuatrocientos los utensilios de oro y de plata. Todos estos objetos los llevó Sesbasar a Jerusalén cuando a los deportados se les permitió regresar de Babilonia.
Notas al pie
- 1:7 su dios. Alt. sus dioses.