Amplified Bible

Exodus 29

Consecration of the Priests

1“This is what you shall do to consecrate Aaron and his sons so that they may serve Me as priests: take one young bull and two rams, without blemish, and unleavened bread and unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers spread with oil; you shall make them of fine wheat flour. You shall put them in one basket, and present them in the basket along with the bull and the two rams. Then bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the Tent of Meeting [out where the basin is] and wash them with water. Then you shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece, and wrap him with the skillfully woven sash of the ephod; and you shall put the turban on his head and put the holy crown on the turban. Then you shall take the anointing oil and pour it on his head and anoint him. You shall bring his sons and put tunics on them. And you shall wrap them with sashes, Aaron and his sons, and put the [ornamental] caps on them; and the priest’s office shall be theirs by a perpetual statute. So you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

The Sacrifices

10 “Then you shall bring the bull before the Tent of Meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall [a]lay their hands on the bull’s head. 11 Then you shall kill the bull before the Lord by the doorway of the Tent of Meeting. 12 And you shall take some of the blood of the bull and with your finger put it on the horns of the altar [of burnt offering], and you shall pour out the remainder of the blood at the base of the altar. 13 You shall take all the fat that covers the intestines and the lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, and offer them up in smoke on the altar. 14 But the meat of the bull, its hide, and the contents of its intestines you shall burn in the fire outside the camp; it is a sin offering.

15 “And you shall take one of the rams, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the ram; 16 then you shall kill the ram and you shall take its blood and sprinkle it around the altar [of burnt offering]. 17 Then you shall cut the ram into pieces, and wash its intestines and legs, and place them with its pieces and its head, 18 and you shall burn the whole ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the Lord: it is a sweet and soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the Lord.

19 “Then you shall take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the ram. 20 Then you shall kill the ram, and take some of its blood and put it on the tip of the right ears of Aaron and his sons and on the thumbs of their right hands and on the big toes of their right feet, and sprinkle the [rest of the] blood around on the altar [of burnt offering]. 21 Then you shall take some of the blood that is on the altar and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. Now Aaron and his garments and his sons and their garments shall be consecrated (dedicated, made holy, declared sacred for God’s purpose).

22 “You shall also take the fat of the ram, the fat tail, the fat that covers the intestines, the lobe of the liver, the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, and the right thigh; (for it is a ram of ordination), 23 and one loaf of bread and one cake of oiled bread and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the Lord; 24 and you shall put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons, and wave them as a [b]wave offering before the Lord. 25 Then you shall take them from their hands, add them to the burnt offering, and burn them on the altar for a sweet and soothing aroma before the Lord; it is an offering by fire to the Lord.

26 “Then you shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron’s ordination, and wave it as a wave offering before the Lord; and it shall be your (Moses) portion. 27 You shall consecrate the waved breast offering [of the ram] used in the ordination and the waved thigh offering of the priests’ portion, since it is [a contribution] for Aaron and for his sons. 28 It shall be for Aaron and his sons as their due portion from the Israelites forever, for it is a [c]heave offering. It shall be a heave offering to the Lord from the Israelites from the sacrifices of their peace offerings.

29 “The holy garments of Aaron shall be for his sons after him, to be anointed and ordained in them. 30 That son who is [high] priest in his place shall put them on [each day for] seven days when he comes into the Tent of Meeting to minister in the Holy Place.

Food of the Priests

31 “You shall take the ram of the ordination and boil its meat in a holy place. 32 Aaron and his sons shall eat the meat of the ram and the bread in the basket, at the doorway of the Tent of Meeting. 33 They shall eat those things by which atonement was made at their ordination and consecration; but a layman shall not eat them, because they are holy [that is, set apart to the worship of God]. 34 And if any of the meat of ordination or the bread remains until morning, you shall burn it in the fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

35 “So you shall do to Aaron and to his sons in accordance with all I have commanded you; during seven days you are to ordain them. 36 You shall offer a bull every day as a sin offering for atonement. You shall cleanse the altar from sin when you make atonement for it, and you shall anoint it to consecrate it [for God’s sacred purpose]. 37 For seven days you shall make atonement for the altar [of burnt offering] and consecrate it; then the altar shall be most holy. Whatever touches the altar must be holy (set apart for God’s service).

38 “Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two one year old lambs shall be offered each day, continuously. 39 One lamb you shall offer in the morning and the other lamb [d]at twilight; 40 and with the one lamb there shall be one-tenth of a measure of fine flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of beaten [olive] oil, and one-fourth of a hin of wine for a drink offering [to be poured out]. 41 And the other lamb you shall offer at twilight, and do with it as with the grain offering of the morning and with the drink offering, for a sweet and soothing aroma [to appease God], an offering by fire to the Lord. 42 This will be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the doorway of the Tent of Meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you, to speak to you there. 43 There I will meet with the Israelites, and the Tent of Meeting shall be [e]sanctified by My glory [the [f]Shekinah, God’s dwelling presence]. 44 I will sanctify the Tent of Meeting and the altar [of burnt offering]; also I will sanctify Aaron and his sons to serve as priests to Me. 45 I will dwell among the sons of Israel and be their God. 46 They shall know [from personal experience] and acknowledge that I am the Lord their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt so that I might dwell among them; I am the Lord their God.

Notas al pie

  1. Exodus 29:10 By laying his hands on the head of the sacrifice the offerer identified himself with it and through its death it became an atonement or covering for his sin. Because the sacrifice “covered” his sin it placed the offerer in a right relationship with God, just as later under the new covenant the perfection and sacrifice of the Christ would cover (atone for) the imperfection and sin of those who identified with Him and accepted Him as Savior.
  2. Exodus 29:24 The wave (undulation, wavelike) offering and the heave (lifted up, raised) offering were named after their manner of presentation. These were either voluntary gifts or contributions required for a specific religious purpose such as the atonement offering. It was understood that God received these offerings and then designated them for a religious purpose such as the support of the priests and their families, or the preparation and maintenance of the tabernacle.
  3. Exodus 29:28 See note v 24.
  4. Exodus 29:39 See note 12:6.
  5. Exodus 29:43 Only God can sanctify (set apart) something for His divine purpose. Man can consecrate (dedicate) something as sacred, that is, declare it separated from secular use.
  6. Exodus 29:43 This Hebrew word is not found in the Bible, but was used by the rabbis to describe the presence of God. Its basic meaning is “royal residence.” Among other things, the rabbis said that the Shekinah is present where ten people pray together, or where three people are sitting as a court of judges.

Ketab El Hayat

ﺍﻟﺨﺮﻭﺝ 29

تقديس الكهنة

1وَهَذَا مَا تَقُومُ بِهِ لِتَكْرِيسِ هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ لِيَكُونُوا كَهَنَةً لِي: خُذْ عِجْلاً وَكَبْشَيْنِ خَالِيَيْنِ مِنْ أَيِّ عَيْبٍ. وَتُعِدُّ مِنْ دَقِيقِ الْقَمْحِ خُبْزَ فَطِيرٍ وَكَعْكاً مَعْجُوناً بِالزَّيْتِ، وَرِقَاقَ فَطِيرٍ مَدْهُونَةً بِزَيْتٍ، وَتَضَعُهَا فِي سَلَّةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ، وَتُقَدِّمُهَا فِي السَّلَّةِ مَعَ العِجْلِ وَالكَبْشَيْنِ. ثُمَّ تُحْضِرُ هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ إِلَى بَابِ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ، وَتَدَعُهُمْ يَغْتَسِلُونَ بِمَاءٍ. وَتُلْبِسُ هَرُونَ الْقَمِيصَ وَالْجُبَّةَ وَالرِّدَاءَ وَالصُّدْرَةَ وَتَشُدُّ الرِّدَاءَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْحِزَامِ الْمُطَرَّزِ. وَتَضَعُ الْعِمَامَةَ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ وَتُثَبِّتُ عَلَيْهَا الإِكْلِيلَ الْمُقَدَّسَ. وَتَأْخُذُ دُهْنَ الْمَسْحَةِ وَتَسْكُبُهُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ وَتَمْسَحُهُ تَكْرِيساً لَهُ، ثُمَّ تُحْضِرُ بَنِيهِ وَتُلْبِسُهُمْ أَقْمِصَتَهُمْ الْمُطَرَّزَةَ، وَأَحْزِمَتَهُمْ فَيُكَرَّسُونَ كَهَنَةً فَرِيضَةً لَهُمْ إِلَى الأَبَدِ. بِهَذِهِ الطَّرِيقَةِ تُكَرِّسُ هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ كَهَنَةً.

ذبيحة الخطيئة

10 ثُمَّ أَحْضِرِ الْعِجْلَ أَمَامَ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ، لِيَضَعَ هَرُونُ وَبَنُوهُ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ. 11 فَتَذْبَحُ الْعِجْلَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ عِنْدَ بَابِ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ. 12 وَتَأْخُذُ مِنْ دَمِ الْعِجْلِ بِإِصْبَعِكَ، وَتَضَعُهُ عَلَى قُرُونِ الْمَذْبَحِ، وَتَصُبُّ بَقِيَّةَ الدَّمِ عِنْدَ قَاعِدَةِ الْمَذْبَحِ. 13 ثُمَّ تَأْخُذُ جَمِيعَ الشَّحْمِ الَّذِي يُغَشِّي الْجَوْفَ، وَزِيَادَةَ الكَبِدِ وَالْكُلْيَتَيْنِ وَمَا عَلَيْهَا مِنْ شَحْمٍ، وَتَحْرِقُهَا فَوْقَ الْمَذْبَحِ. 14 وَأَمَّا لَحْمُ الْعِجْلِ وَجِلْدُهُ وَرَوْثُهُ، فَتَحْرِقُهَا خَارِجَ الْمُخَيَّمِ، فَإِنَّهُ ذَبِيحَةُ خَطِيئَةٍ.

قربان المحرقة

15 وَتَأْخُذُ أَحَدَ الْكَبْشَيْنِ لِيَضَعَ هَرُونُ وَبَنُوهُ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَلَيْهِ. 16 تَذْبَحُ الْكَبْشَ، وتَأْخُذُ مِنْ دَمِهِ وَتَرُشُّهُ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ. 17 وَتَقْطَعُ الْكَبْشَ إِلَى قِطَعٍ، وَتَغْسِلُ أَعْضَاءَهُ الدَّاخِلِيَّةَ وَأَكَارِعَهُ وَتَضَعُهَا مَعَ رَأْسِ الْكَبْشِ وَقِطَعِهِ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ. 18 وَتَحْرِقُ كَامِلَ الْكَبْشِ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ، فَيَكُونُ مُحْرَقَةً لِلرَّبِّ لِنَيْلِ رِضَاهُ. هُوَ قُرْبَانُ مُحْرَقَةٍ لِلرَّبِّ.

كبش التكريس

19 ثُمَّ تَأْخُذُ الْكَبْشَ الثَّانِي لِيَضَعَ هَرُونُ وَبَنُوهُ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَلَيْهِ. 20 ثُمَّ تَذْبَحُهُ وَتَأْخُذُ مِنْ دَمِهِ وَتَضَعُهُ عَلَى شَحْمَاتِ آذَانِ هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ الْيُمْنَى، وَكَذِلكَ عَلَى أَبَاهِمِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلِهِمِ الْيُمْنَى، ثُمَّ تَرُشُّ الدَّمَ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ مِنْ كُلِّ نَاحِيَةٍ. 21 وَتَأْخُذُ مِنَ الدَّمِ الَّذِي عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ، وَمِنْ دُهْنِ الْمَسْحَةِ، وَتُقَطِّرُ مِنْهُ عَلَى هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ وَعَلَى ثِيَابِهِمْ، فَيَتَقَدَّسُونَ هُمْ وَثِيَابُهُمْ لِلرَّبِّ. 22 ثُمَّ تَأْخُذُ شَحْمَ الْكَبْشِ وَإِلْيَتَهُ وَالشَّحْمَ الَّذِي يُغَشِّي أَعْضَاءَهُ الدَّاخِلِيَّةَ، وَالْمَرَارَةَ وَالْكُلْيَتَيْنِ وَمَا عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ شَحْمٍ، وَالْكَتِفَ الْيُمْنَى لأَنَّهُ كَبْشُ تَكْرِيسٍ.

قربان رائحة الرضى

23 وَتَأْخُذُ رَغِيفَ خُبْزٍ وَاحِداً، وَكَعْكَةً وَاحِدَةً مَعْجُونَةً بِالزَّيْتِ، وَرُقَاقَةً وَاحِدَةً مِنْ سَلَّةِ الْفَطِيرِ الَّتِي قَدَّمْتَهَا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ. 24 وَتَضَعُهَا كُلَّهَا فِي أَيْدِي هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ لِيُرَجِّحُوهَا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ. 25 ثُمَّ تَأْخُذُهَا مِنْ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَتُوْقِدُهَا عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ فَوْقَ الْمُحْرَقَةِ لِتَكُونَ رَائِحَةَ رِضًى أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ. هُوَ قُرْبَانُ مُحْرَقَةٍ لِلرَّبِّ. 26 وَتَأْخُذُ مِنَ ثَمَّ صَدْرَ كَبْشِ تَكْرِيسِ هَرُونَ وَتُرَجِّحُهُ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ فَيَكُونُ قِسْطَكَ مِنَ الذَّبِيحَةِ. 27 وَعَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُقَدِّسَ صَدْرَ ذَبِيحَةِ التَّرْجِيحِ، وَكَتِفَ ذَبِيحَةِ تَكْرِيسِ هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ الَّذِي رَجَّحْتَهُ، 28 فَيَكُونَان قِسطَ هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ. فَرِيضَةً أَبَدِيَّةً يُقَدِّمُهَا بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ نَصِيبَ الْكَهَنَةِ مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، مِنْ ذَبَائِحِ سَلاَمَتِهِمْ تَقْدِمَةً لِلرَّبِّ. 29 وَاحْتَفِظُوا بِثِيَابِ هَرُونَ الْمُقَدَّسَةِ لِتَكْرِيسِ مَنْ يَخْلُفُهُ مِنْ نَسْلِهِ وَمَسْحِهِ. 30 وَعَلَى الابْنِ الَّذِي يَخْلُفُهُ كَرَئِيسِ كَهَنَةٍ، أَنْ يَلْبَسَهَا سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ عِنْدَمَا يَدْخُلُ إِلَى خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ لِيَخْدُمَ فِي الْقُدْسِ.

لحم كبش التكريس

31 وَتَأْخُذُ لَحْمَ كَبْشِ التَّكْرِيسِ وَتَطْبُخُهُ فِي مَكَانٍ مُقَدَّسٍ. 32 وَعَلَى هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ أَنْ يَأْكُلُوا لَحْمَ الْكَبْشِ، وَالْخُبْزَ الَّذِي فِي السَّلَّةِ عِنْدَ مَدْخَلِ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ. 33 هُمْ وَحْدَهُمْ يَأْكُلُونَ مِنْهُ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ كُفِّرَ بِهِ عَنْهُمْ عِنْدَ تَكْرِيسِهِمْ وَتَقْدِيسِهِمْ، وَلاَ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ آخَرُ لأَنَّهُ مُقَدَّسٌ. 34 أَمَّا إِذَا تَبَقَّى شَيْءٌ مِنْ لَحْمِ التَّكْرِيسِ أَوْ مِنَ الْخُبْزِ حَتَّى الصَّبَاحِ، فَعَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَحْرِقَهُ بِالنَّارِ لَا يُؤْكَلُ مِنْهُ لأَنَّهُ مُقَدَّسٌ. 35 هَكَذَا تَصْنَعُ لِهَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ بِمُوجِبِ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرْتُكَ، إِذْ تُكَرِّسُهُمْ سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ. 36 وَتُقَدِّمُ خِلالَهَا ثَوْراً فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ ذَبِيحَةَ خَطِيئَةٍ لأَجْلِ الْكَفَّارَةِ. وَتُطَهِّرُ الْمَذْبَحَ بِتَكْفِيرِكِ عَلَيْهِ. وَتَمْسَحُهُ لِتَقْدِيسِهِ. 37 سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ تُقَدِّمُ ذَبِيحَةَ كَفَّارَةٍ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ وَتُقَدِّسُهُ، فَيَكُونُ الْمَذْبَحُ قُدْسَ أَقْدَاسٍ. وَكُلُّ مَا يَمَسُّهُ يُصْبِحُ مُقَدَّساً.

المحرقات اليومية

38 وَإِلَيْكَ مَا تُقَدِّمُهُ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ: حَمَلاَنِ حَوْلِيَّانِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ بِصُورَةٍ مُسْتَمِرَّةٍ. 39 تُقَدِّمُ أَحَدَ الْحَمَلَيْنِ فِي الصَّبَاحِ، وَتُقَدِّمُ الثَّانِي فِي الْمَسَاءِ. 40 وَتُقَدِّمُ مَعَ كُلٍّ مِنْهُمَا عُشْراً (لِتْرَيْنِ وَنِصْفَ اللِّتْرِ) مِنَ الدَّقِيقِ الْمَعْجُونِ بِرُبْعِ الْهِينِ (لِتْرٍ وَنِصْفِ اللِّتْرِ) مِنْ زَيْتِ الزَّيْتُونِ النَّقِيِّ، بَعْدَ أَنْ تَسْكُبَ عَلَيْهِ رُبْعَ الْهِينِ (لِتْراً وَنِصْفَ الْلِّتْرِ) مِنَ الْخَمْرِ. 41 وَتُقَرِّبُ الْحَمَلَ الثَّانِي فِي الْمَسَاءِ مَعَ تَقْدِمَةِ دَقِيقٍ وَسَكِيبِ خَمْرٍ، كَمَا فَعَلْتَ فِي الصَّبَاحِ، لِتَكُونَ التَّقْدِمَةُ رَائِحَةَ رِضًى. هِيَ قُرْبَانُ مُحْرَقَةٍ لِلرَّبِّ. 42 فَتَكُونُ مُحْرَقَةً دَائِمَةً أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ مَدَى أَجْيَالِكُمْ. تُقَدَّمُ عِنْدَ مَدْخَلِ خَيْمَةِ الاجْتِمَاعِ، حَيْثُ أَجْتَمِعُ بِكُمْ لأُكَلِّمَكَ هُنَاكَ. 43 وَأَجْتَمِعُ هُنَاكَ أَيْضاً بِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَيَتَقَدَّسُ الْمَكَانُ بِمَجْدِي. 44 فَأُقَدِّسُ خَيْمَةَ الاجْتِمَاعِ وَالْمَذْبَحَ، كَمَا أُقَدِّسُ هَرُونَ وَبَنِيهِ أَيْضاً. 45 وَأَسْكُنُ بَيْنَ شَعْبِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَأَكُونُ لَهُمْ إِلَهاً، 46 فَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّنِي أَنَا الرَّبُّ إِلَهُهُمُ الَّذِي أَخْرَجَهُمْ مِنْ دِيَارِ مِصْرَ لأُقِيمَ فِي وَسْطِهِمْ. أَنَا الرَّبُّ إِلَهُهُمْ.