Amplified Bible

Exodus 1

Israel Multiplies in Egypt

1Now these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; each came with his household: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah; Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin; Dan and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. All the descendants of Jacob were seventy people; Joseph was [already] in Egypt. Then Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation, but the [a]Israelites were prolific and increased greatly; [b]they multiplied and became extremely strong, so that the land was filled with them.

[c]Now a new [d]king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph [nor the history of his accomplishments]. He said to his people, “Behold, the [e]people of the sons of Israel are too many and too mighty for us [they greatly outnumber us]. 10 Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, so that they will not multiply and in the event of war, join our enemies, and fight against us and escape from the land.” 11 So they set taskmasters over them to oppress them with hard labor. And the sons of Israel built Pithom and Raamses as storage cities for Pharaoh. 12 But the more the Egyptians oppressed them, the more they multiplied and expanded, so that the Egyptians dreaded and were exasperated by the Israelites. 13 And the Egyptians made the Israelites serve rigorously [forcing them into severe slavery]. 14 They made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar, brick, and all kinds of field work. All their labor was harsh and severe.

15 Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah (beauty) and the other named Puah (splendor), 16 “When you act as midwives to the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, she shall live.” 17 But the midwives feared God [with profound reverence] and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded, but they let the boy babies live. 18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing, and allowed the boy babies to live?” 19 The midwives answered Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women; they are vigorous and give birth quickly and their babies are born before the midwife can get to them.” 20 So God was good to the midwives, and the people [of Israel] multiplied and became very strong. 21 And because the midwives feared God [with profound reverence], [f]He established families and households for them. 22 Then [g]Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son who is born [to the Hebrews] must be thrown into the Nile, but every daughter you shall keep alive.”

Notas al pie

  1. Exodus 1:7 In general, sons (children, descendants) of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  2. Exodus 1:7 Over two hundred years have passed since the death of Joseph.
  3. Exodus 1:8 The political attitude toward the Israelites living in Egypt changed from friendly and welcoming to suspicious and hostile, and Israel’s struggle for existence led to one of the most dramatic and memorable interventions that God would make in human history.
  4. Exodus 1:8 The identity of this pharaoh is uncertain. Some scholars think he was Ahmose I (1570-1546 b.c.), founder of the 18th dynasty of Egypt’s New Kingdom or Ahmose’s successor, Amenhotep I (1546-1525 b.c.). Others believe that this Pharaoh was one of the first of the Hyksos rulers; the Hyksos were foreign invaders.
  5. Exodus 1:9 This is the first record of the descendants of Israel (Jacob) being regarded as a separate nation (also see Gen 34:7 and note).
  6. Exodus 1:21 Lit made them houses.
  7. Exodus 1:22 If the early date of the exodus (1446 b.c.) is acknowledged, as most conservative scholars hold, then this pharaoh is likely Thutmose I (1525-1512 b.c.).

Korean Living Bible

출애굽기 1:1-22

고통당하는 이스라엘 민족

1야곱과 함께 가족을 데리고 이집트로 내려간 야곱의 아들들은

2르우벤, 시므온, 레위, 유다,

3잇사갈, 스불론, 베냐민,

4단, 납달리, 갓, 아셀이었다.

5이와 같이 이집트에 내려온 야곱의 자손들은 모두 70명이었으며 이때 요셉은 이미 이집트에서 살고 있었다.

6이제 요셉과 그의 모든 형제들과 그 시대 사람들은 다 죽고 말았다.

7그러나 그들의 후손인 이스라엘 자손들은 많은 자녀를 낳고 크게 번성하여 1:7 또는 ‘온 땅’고센 땅을 가득 메울 만큼 막강하였다.

8그때 요셉을 알지 못하는 새 왕이 일어나 이집트를 다스렸는데

9그가 자기 백성들에게 이렇게 말하였다. “보라, 이스라엘 자손들이 그 수가 너무 많고 강하여 우리에게 위협이 되고 있다.

10이제 우리는 그들을 지혜롭게 잘 다스려야 한다. 그렇지 않으면 그들의 수가 더 많아져서 전쟁이 일어날 때 그들이 우리 적과 합세하여 우리를 치고 이 땅에서 달아날 것이다.”

11그래서 이집트 사람들은 그들을 노예로 삼아 그들을 다스릴 감독들을 세우고 강제 노동으로 그들을 괴롭혔으며 이스라엘 자손들은 바로를 위하여 국고성인 비돔과 라암셋을 건축하였다.

12그러나 그들이 학대를 받으면 받을수록 더 많이 번성하여 그 수가 늘어가자 이집트 사람들은 이스라엘 사람들을 두려워하여

13-14더욱 혹독한 일로 그들의 생활을 괴롭 히며 진흙을 이겨 벽돌을 굽게 하고 여러 가지 고된 농사일로 그들을 잔인하게 혹사시켰다.

15그리고 이집트 왕은 히브리 산파인 십브라와 부아에게

16“너희가 히브리 여자들을 조산할 때 남자 아이가 태어나면 죽이고 여자 아이가 태어나면 살려 두어라” 하고 명령하였다.

17그러나 그 산파들은 하나님을 두려워하여 이집트 왕의 명령을 어기고 남자 아이들을 살려 주었다.

18그때 이집트 왕이 그 산파들을 불러 “너희가 어째서 내 명령을 어기고 남자 아이들을 살려 주었느냐?” 하고 묻자

19그들이 이렇게 대답하였다. “히브리 여자들은 이집트 여자들과 같지 않고 건강하여 우리가 미처 그들에게 이르기도 전에 해산하였습니다.”

20-21그 산파들이 하나님을 두려워하였으므 로 하나님은 그들에게 은혜를 베풀어 그들 자신의 가정을 이룰 수 있게 하셨다. 그리고 이스라엘 사람들은 계속 번성하여 강력한 민족이 되었다.

22그러자 바로가 자기 백성들에게 이런 명령을 내렸다. “갓 태어난 히브리 남자 아이들을 모조리 강에 던지고 여자 아이들은 살려 주어라.”