Amplified Bible

Esther 1

The Banquets of the King

1It was in the days of Ahasuerus ([a]Xerxes) who reigned from India to Ethiopia (Cush) over 127 provinces, in those days when King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne which was at the citadel in [b]Susa [the capital of the Persian Empire], in the third year of his reign he held a banquet for all his officials and his attendants. The army officers of Persia and Media, the nobles and the officials of the provinces were there in his presence. And he displayed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days in all.

When these days were completed, the king held a banquet for all the people who were present at the citadel in Susa [the capital], from the greatest [in importance] to the least, a seven-day feast in the courtyard of the garden of the king’s palace. There were curtains (draperies) of fine white and violet linen fastened with cords of fine purple linen to silver rings and marble columns. The couches of gold and silver rested on a mosaic floor of [c]porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl, and precious colored stones. Drinks were served in various kinds of golden goblets, and the royal wine was plentiful, in accordance with the generosity of the king. The drinking was carried on in accordance with the law; no one was compelled [to drink], for the king had directed each official of his household to comply with each guest’s wishes. Queen Vashti also held a [separate] banquet for the women in the palace of King Ahasuerus.

Queen Vashti’s Refusal

10 On the seventh day, when the king’s heart was joyful with wine (in high spirits), he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas, the seven [d]eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus [as his attendants], 11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king, [e]wearing her royal crown (high turban), to display her beauty before the people and the officials, for she was lovely to see. 12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s command, which was delivered [to her] by the eunuchs. So the king became extremely angry and burned with rage.

13 Then the king spoke to the wise men who understood the times [asking for their advice]—for it was the custom of the king to speak before all those who were familiar with law and legal matters— 14 and who were close to him [as advisors]: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media who had access to the king and were ranked highest in the kingdom. 15 [He said,] “According to the law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti because she did not obey the command of King Ahasuerus which was conveyed by the eunuchs?” 16 And Memucan answered in the presence of the king and the officials, “Vashti the queen has not only wronged the king but [also] all the officials (royal representatives) and all the peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus. 17 For the queen’s conduct will become known to all women, causing them to look on their husbands with contempt (disrespect), since they will say, ‘King Ahasuerus commanded Queen Vashti to be brought before him, but she did not come.’ 18 This [very] day the ladies of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen’s refusal will speak [in the same way] to all the king’s officials, and there will be plenty of contempt and anger. 19 If it pleases the king, let a royal command be issued by him and let it be written in the laws of the Persians and Medes so that it cannot be repealed or modified, that Vashti is [f]no longer to come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal position to another who is better and more worthy than she. 20 So when the king’s great decree is proclaimed throughout his [extensive] kingdom, all women will give honor to their husbands, from the great to the insignificant.”

21 This statement (advice) pleased the king and the officials, and the king did what Memucan proposed. 22 So he sent letters to all the royal provinces, to each province in its own script and to each people in their own language, saying that every man should be the master and rule in his own home and that [g]he should speak [in the household] in the language of his own people.

Notas al pie

  1. Esther 1:1 Ahasuerus’ Greek name was Xerxes (I), his Persian name was Khshayarshan. Xerxes I (also known as Xerxes the Great the son of Darius the Great), ruled 486-465 b.c. He is the Xerxes who invaded Greece, was stopped temporarily at Thermopylae, defeated at the naval battle at Salamis, and nearly annihilated at Plataea (479 b.c.). The French excavations at Susa in 1880-1890 uncovered the great palace of Xerxes, where Esther would have lived. The building covered two and one-half acres. The finds at Susa from this period were so astonishing that the Louvre in Paris devoted two large rooms to the exhibition of the treasures. Xerxes’ tomb (looted in antiquity) is believed to be among the rock-cut tombs located at Naqsh-e Rajab, an archeological site in Iran about ten miles northwest of the site of ancient Persepolis.
  2. Esther 1:2 Susa was located about a hundred and fifty miles east of the Tigris River. The site, now modern day Shush, Iran, is considered to be one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. An ancient tomb presumed to be that of Daniel is located in the area.
  3. Esther 1:6 An Egyptian rock of feldspar crystals embedded in a dark red or purple groundmass used as flooring.
  4. Esther 1:10 Eunuchs were the men who were placed in charge of the king’s harem, and for that reason had been castrated.
  5. Esther 1:11 According to Jewish tradition Ahasuerus’ guests demanded that Vashti be naked, except for her royal turban to confirm that she was the queen and not just a servant-girl. She pleaded with Ahasuerus using several arguments, one of which was that if the guests found her beautiful, they would want to ravish her and kill him; and if not, her lack of beauty would disgrace him.
  6. Esther 1:19 The intent may have been simply to confine Vashti to the king’s harem and put another wife on the throne. The ancient rabbis said, however, that when the king accepted the advice, he ordered that Vashti be beheaded and her head brought to him on a platter.
  7. Esther 1:22 In recognition of the position of her husband a foreign-born wife was to speak his language.

Ang Pulong Sang Dios

Ester 1

Gin-ilisan Bilang Rayna si Vashti

11-2 May isa ka hari sang Persia nga ang iya ngalan si Ahasuerus.[a] Nagaestar siya sa iya palasyo sa napaderan nga siyudad sang Susa. Ginadumalahan niya ang 127 ka probinsya nga halin sa India hasta sa Etiopia.[b] Sang ikatatlo nga tuig sang iya paghari, nagpapunsyon siya para sa iya mga opisyal kag iban pa nga mga alagad. Nagtambong man ang mga lider sang mga soldado sang Persia kag Media, pati ang mga dungganon nga mga tawo kag mga opisyal sang mga probinsya. Anom ka bulan ang punsyon; kag sa sulod sang sini nga mga binulan ginpakita ni Ahasuerus kon daw ano kamanggaranon ang iya ginharian, kag kon daw ano siya kagamhanan kag kahalangdon.

Pagkatapos sadto, nagpapunsyon naman ang hari para sa tanan nga pumuluyo sang napaderan nga siyudad sang Susa, halin sa pinakadungganon hasta sa pinakakubos. Ginhiwat ini nga punsyon sa lagwerta sang palasyo sang hari sa sulod sang pito ka adlaw. Gindekorahan ang hardin sang puti kag asol nga mga kurtina nga ginhigtan sang higot nga linen nga granate,[c] kag ginpakabit sa mga sulosingsing nga pilak sa marmol nga mga haligi. Ang mga pulungkuan hinimo halin sa bulawan kag pilak, kag nabutang ini sa salog nga may mga desinyo nga kristal, marmol, nakar,[d] kag iban pa nga malahalon nga mga bato. 7-8 Nag-inom ang mga bisita sa bulawan nga mga ilimnan nga may nagkalain-lain nga mga desinyo. Ginpagustuhan sila sang hari sang malahalon nga bino. Nagsugo ang hari sa iya mga suluguon nga pagustuhan lang ang mga bisita.

Samtang nagapunsyon ang mga lalaki nga mga bisita, nagpapunsyon man si Rayna Vashti para sa mga babayi didto sa palasyo ni Haring Ahasuerus.

10 Sang ikapito nga adlaw sang punsyon, malipayon ang hari kay nakainom siya. Ginpatawag niya ang iya pito ka mataas nga opisyal nga personal nga nagaalagad sa iya. Sila amo sanday Mehuman, Bizta, Harbona, Bigta, Abagta, Zetar, kag Carkas. Ginsugo niya sila 11 nga pakadtuon didto sa iya si Rayna Vashti nga nagasuksok sang iya korona agod ipakita ang iya katahom sa mga opisyal kag sa tanan nga bisita, kay matahom gid siya. 12 Pero sang ginhambalan si Rayna Vashti sang mga alagad sang hari parte sa ginpasugo niya, nagpangindi siya nga magkadto didto. Gani naakig gid ang hari.

13 Kinabatasan na sang hari nga magpangayo sang laygay sa mga maalamon nga mga tawo nga nakahibalo sang mga kasuguan kag mga kinabatasan sang ginharian. 14 Ang permi niya ginapangayuan sang laygay amo sila ni Carshena, Shetar, Admata, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, kag Memucan. Ini sila amo ang pito ka pinakamataas nga mga opisyal sang ginharian sang Persia kag Media, kag dali lang sila makapalapit sa hari.

15 Nagpamangkot ang hari sa ila, “Suno sa kasuguan sang Persia, ano bala ang dapat himuon kay Rayna Vashti tungod nga wala siya nagtuman sang akon sugo nga ginpasiling ko sa akon mga alagad?” 16 Nagsabat si Memucan sa hari kag sa iya mga opisyal, “Nakasala si Rayna Vashti indi lang sa imo, Mahal nga Hari, kundi pati man sa tanan nga opisyal kag mga katawhan sang bug-os mo nga ginharian. 17 Ang ginhimo ni Rayna Vashti sigurado gid nga mahibaluan sang tanan nga babayi sa ginharian, kag sundon man nila ina; indi man sila magtahod sa ila mga bana. Kay magarason sila nga si Rayna Vashti gani wala magtuman sang ginpatawag siya sang hari nga magkadto sa iya. 18 Sugod subong amo man ina ang himuon sang mga asawa sang mga opisyal sang Persia kag Media nga nakabati sang ginhimo sang rayna. Gani matabo permi nga ang mga asawa indi na magtahod sa ila mga bana, kag ang mga bana maakig sa ila mga asawa.

19 “Gani kon gusto mo, Mahal nga Hari, maghimo ka sang isa ka sugo nga nagasiling nga indi na magpakita sa imo si Rayna Vashti, kag ang katungdanan bilang rayna ihatag na lang sa iban nga mas maayo pa sang sa iya. Ipasulat ini nga sugo kag ilakip sa mga kasuguan sang aton ginharian nga Persia kag Media agod indi na maliwat. 20 Kag kon mabantala na ini sa bug-os mo nga ginharian nga puwerte kadako, tahuron sang mga asawa ang ila mga bana, halin sa pinakadungganon nga bana hasta sa pinakakubos.”

21 Nagustuhan sang hari kag sang iya mga opisyal ang ginsiling ni Memucan, gani ginsunod ini sang hari. 22 Nagpadala siya sang sulat sa tanan nga probinsya nga sakop sang iya ginharian, suno sa ila mga lingguahe. Kag nakasiling sa sini nga sulat nga ang tagsa ka bana amo ang dapat magdumala sa iya pamilya.

Notas al pie

  1. 1:1-2 Ahasuerus: isa pa ini ka ngalan ni Xerxes.
  2. 1:1-2 Etiopia: sa Hebreo, Cush.
  3. 1:6 granate: sa English, purple.
  4. 1:6 nakar: ukon, madreperla. Sa English, mother-of-pearl.