Amplified Bible

Deuteronomy 23

Persons Excluded from the Assembly

1“He who has been castrated by having his testicles crushed or his male organ cut off shall not enter the congregation of the Lord. A person of [a]illegitimate birth shall not enter the assembly of the Lord; none of his descendants, even to the tenth generation. An Ammonite or [b]Moabite shall not enter the assembly of the Lord; none of their descendants, even to the tenth generation, shall ever enter the assembly of the Lord, because they did not meet you with bread (food) and water on the road as you came out of Egypt, and because they hired [to act] against you Balaam the son of Beor from Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you. Nevertheless, the Lord your God was not willing to listen to Balaam, but the Lord your God turned the curse into a blessing for you because the Lord your God has loved you. You shall never seek their peace nor their prosperity all your days.

“You shall not detest an Edomite, for he is your brother [Esau’s descendant]. You shall not detest an Egyptian, because you were a stranger (resident alien, foreigner) in his land. Their children of the third generation who are born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord.

“When you go out as an army [to fight] against your enemies, you shall keep yourselves from every evil [thing].

10 “If there is any man among you who is [ceremonially] unclean because of nocturnal emission, then he must go outside the camp; he shall not come back to the camp. 11 But when evening comes, he shall bathe in water, and at sundown he may return to the camp.

12 “You shall also have a place outside the camp to which you may go, 13 and you shall have a spade among your tools, and when you [prepare to] sit down outside [to relieve yourself], you shall dig a hole with it and shall turn and cover up your waste. 14 Since the Lord your God walks in the midst of your camp to rescue you and to defeat your enemies before you, therefore your camp must be holy (undefiled); and He must not see anything indecent among you or He will turn away from you.

15 “You shall not hand over to his master a slave who has escaped from his master to you. 16 He shall live among you, in the place he chooses in one of your cities where it pleases him; you shall not mistreat or oppress him.

17 “There shall be no cult prostitute among the daughters of Israel, nor shall there be a cult prostitute (a sodomite) among the sons of Israel. 18 You shall not bring the wages of a prostitute or the price of a dog [that is, a male prostitute] into the house of the Lord your God as payment for any vow, for both of these [the gift and the giver] are utterly repulsive to the Lord your God.

19 “You shall not charge interest to your fellow Israelite—interest on money, food or anything that may be loaned for interest. 20 You may charge interest to a foreigner, but to your fellow Israelite you shall not charge interest, so that the Lord your God may bless you in [c]all that you undertake in the land which you are about to enter to possess.

21 “When you make a [d]vow to the Lord your God, you shall not delay to pay it, for He will most certainly require it of you, and a delay would cause you to sin. 22 But if you refrain from making a vow, that would not be [counted as] sin in you. 23 You shall be careful to perform that [vow] which passes your lips, just as you have made a voluntary vow to the Lord your God, just as you have promised with your own words (mouth).

24 “When you enter your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes, [e]as many as you please, but you shall not put any in your basket [to take with you].

25 “When you come into the standing grain of your neighbor, you may [f]pluck the ears of grain with your hand, but you shall not wield a sickle in your neighbor’s standing grain [to harvest it].

  1. Deuteronomy 23:2 That is, one who was born from incest, an adulterous relationship, or a mixed marriage (a Jew or a Jewess and a Gentile).
  2. Deuteronomy 23:3 Ruth, one of the ancestors of Jesus, was a Moabitess, but she essentially became an Israelite (Ruth 1:16) and married an Israelite (Boaz). Moreover, the rabbis taught that Deut 23:3 applied only to Ammonite and Moabite men. This teaching was summarized by what became a common saying: “An Ammonite [is forbidden], but not an Ammonitess; a Moabite, but not a Moabitess!” (as quoted from the Talmud).
  3. Deuteronomy 23:20 Lit all to which your hand is put.
  4. Deuteronomy 23:21 The abuse of vows was a practice for which Jesus sternly rebuked the Pharisees. There were at least two kinds of abuse for which they were rightly held responsible: 1) their approval of vows which should have been overruled and rejected because they violated even more important commandments (see Matt 15:3-6); and 2) inappropriate or hair-splitting criteria for determining the validity of a vow (Matt 23:16-22).
  5. Deuteronomy 23:24 Lit according to your soul.
  6. Deuteronomy 23:25 When Jesus and His disciples picked some grain in this manner, they were not charged with theft by the Pharisees, but of doing work on the Sabbath, which was clearly not the case (Matt 12:1-6).

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

申命記 23

會眾的資格

1「凡睪丸受損或被閹割的,不可加入耶和華的會眾。

「私生子及其十代以內的子孫都不可加入耶和華的會眾。

「亞捫人或摩押人及其十代以內的子孫都不可加入耶和華的會眾。 因為在你們離開埃及的途中,他們沒有用水和食物款待你們,還雇用美索不達米亞的毗奪人——比珥的兒子巴蘭咒詛你們。 但你們的上帝耶和華不聽巴蘭的話,反而把咒詛變為祝福,因為祂愛你們。 你們一生一世永不可為他們謀求平安和好處。

「不可憎惡以東人,因為他們是你們的弟兄;也不可憎惡埃及人,因為你們曾經在埃及寄居。 他們的第三代子孫可以加入耶和華的會眾。

保持軍營聖潔的條例

「你們出兵征戰時,一定要遠離惡事。 10 如果有人因夢遺而不潔淨,他就要離開營地住在營外。 11 傍晚他要沐浴,日落才可以回營。 12 要在營外指定一個地方作方便之處。 13 你們每人都要有一把鏟子,便溺時要挖個洞,事後要掩埋。 14 因為你們的上帝耶和華常在營中巡視,要保護你們,擊敗你們的仇敵。軍營必須保持聖潔,免得祂在你們中間看到任何污穢之事,便離開你們。

其他條例

15 「如果有奴隸逃到你們那裡避難,不可把逃亡的奴隸送交他們的主人。 16 要讓他們在你們當中選擇他們喜歡的城邑與你們同住,不可壓迫他們。

17 「任何以色列人,不論男女,都不可做廟妓。 18 不可把男女廟妓的收入帶到你們上帝耶和華的殿還願,因為你們的上帝耶和華憎惡他們。

19 「你們借給同胞錢、糧食或其他任何東西,都不可收取利息。 20 你們可以向外族人收取利息,但不可向同胞收取。這樣,在你們將要佔領的土地上,你們的上帝耶和華必使你們凡事蒙福。

21 「如果你們向你們的上帝耶和華許願,不可遲遲不還願,因為你們的上帝耶和華必追討許願不還的罪。 22 如果你們不許願,反倒無罪; 23 但如果你們親口許了願,一定要向你們的上帝耶和華信守諾言。

24 「如果你們進了鄰居的葡萄園,可以隨意吃,但不可把葡萄放在籃子裡帶走。 25 如果你們進了鄰居的麥田,可以用手摘麥穗,但不可用鐮刀割麥子。