Amplified Bible

Daniel 5

Belshazzar’s Feast

1Belshazzar the king [who was a descendant of Nebuchadnezzar] gave a great feast for a thousand of his nobles, and he was drinking his wine in the presence of the thousand [guests]. Belshazzar, as he tasted the wine, gave a command to bring in the gold and silver vessels which his [a]father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the [b]temple which was in Jerusalem, so that the king and his nobles, his wives and his [c]concubines might drink from them. Then they brought in the gold and silver vessels that had been taken out of the temple, the house of God which was in Jerusalem; and the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines drank from them. They drank the wine and praised the gods of gold and silver, of bronze, iron, wood and stone.

Suddenly the fingers of a man’s hand appeared and began writing opposite the lampstand on [a well-lit area of] the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace, and the king saw the part of the hand that did the writing. Then the king’s face grew pale, and his thoughts alarmed him; the joints and muscles of his hips and back weakened and his knees began knocking together. The king called aloud to bring in the enchanters (Magi), the Chaldeans [who were master astrologers] and the diviners. The king said to the wise men of Babylon, “Whoever can read this writing and explain its interpretation to me shall be clothed with purple and have a chain of gold put around his neck, and have authority as the [d]third ruler in the kingdom.” Then all the king’s wise men came in, but they could not [e]read the writing or reveal to the king its interpretation. Then King Belshazzar was greatly perplexed, his face became even paler, and his nobles were bewildered and alarmed.

10 Now the queen [mother], overhearing the [excited] words of the king and his nobles, came into the banquet area. The queen [mother] spoke and said, “O king, live forever! Do not be alarmed at your thoughts or let your face be changed. 11 There is a man in your kingdom in whom is [f]a spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of your father, illumination, understanding and wisdom like the wisdom of the gods were found in him. And [g]King Nebuchadnezzar, your father—your father the king, appointed him chief of the magicians, enchanters, Chaldeans and diviners. 12 It was because an extraordinary spirit, knowledge and insight, the ability to interpret dreams, clarify riddles, and solve complex problems were found in this Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar. Now let Daniel be called and he will give the interpretation.”

Daniel Interprets Handwriting on the Wall

13 Then Daniel was brought in before the king. And the king said to Daniel, “Are you that Daniel who is one of the sons of the exiles of Judah, whom my father the king brought from Judah? 14 I have heard of you, that a spirit of the gods is in you, and that illumination, insight, and extraordinary wisdom have been found in you. 15 Now the wise men and the enchanters, were brought in before me so that they might read this writing and reveal its meaning to me, but they could not give the interpretation of the message. 16 But I personally have heard about you, that you are able to make interpretations and solve complex problems. Now if you are able to read the writing and reveal its interpretation to me, you shall be clothed with purple and have a chain of gold put around your neck, and you shall have authority as the third ruler in the kingdom.”

17 Then Daniel answered and said before the king, “Keep your gifts for yourself and give your rewards to someone else; however, I will read the writing to the king and reveal the interpretation to him. 18 O king, the Most High God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom and greatness and glory and majesty; 19 and because of the greatness that He gave him, all the peoples, nations, and speakers of every language trembled and feared him. Whomever he wished he killed, and whomever he wished he kept alive; whomever he wished he promoted and whomever he wished he humbled. 20 But when his heart was lifted up and his spirit became so proud that he behaved arrogantly, he was deposed from his royal throne and his glory was taken away from him. 21 He was also driven from mankind, and his mind was made like that of an animal, and his dwelling place was with the wild donkeys. He was given grass to eat like cattle, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven until he came to know [without any doubt] that the Most High God rules over the kingdom of mankind and He appoints it to whomever He wills. 22 And you, his [h]son, O Belshazzar, have not humbled your heart (mind), even though you knew all this. 23 And you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven, and the vessels of His house have been brought before you, and you and your nobles, your wives and your concubines have been drinking wine from them; and you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood and stone, which do not see or hear or understand. But the God who holds in His hand your breath of life and your ways you have not honored and glorified [but have dishonored and defied]. 24 Then the hand was sent from the presence [of the Most High God], and this inscription was written:

25 “This is the [i]inscription that was written, ‘mene, mene, tekel, upharsin [numbered, numbered, weighed, and divided].’ 26 This is the interpretation of the message: ‘mene’—God has numbered the days of your kingdom and put an end to it; 27 tekel’—you have been weighed on the scales [of righteousness] and found deficient; 28 [j]peres’—[k]your kingdom has been divided and given over to the Medes and [l]Persians.”

29 Then Belshazzar gave the command, and Daniel was clothed with purple and a chain of gold was put around his neck, and a proclamation concerning him was issued [declaring] that he now had authority as the third ruler in the kingdom.

30 During that same [m]night Belshazzar the [last] Chaldean king was slain [by troops of the [n]invading army]. 31 So [o]Darius the Mede received the kingdom; he was about the age of sixty-two.

Notas al pie

  1. Daniel 5:2 This Aramaic word (see note 2:4) may also mean “ancestor” (see vv 11, 13, 18).
  2. Daniel 5:2 Gold utensils had been used in the temple building itself, and silver utensils had originally been stored in the “treasuries of the house of God” (2 Chr 5:1).
  3. Daniel 5:2 See note Gen 22:24.
  4. Daniel 5:7 Nabonidus was first, Belshazzar, his son, was second.
  5. Daniel 5:8 In light of what Daniel says in v 25, it is hard to escape the conclusion that for some reason the letters were unreadable to the wise men. The ancient rabbis speculated that the words were written in some kind of code that had to be deciphered. Among the suggestions were reversing the order of the letters (e.g. ENM for MENE etc.) and an elaborate puzzle in which the letters of each word were separated and spread out to form three senseless words: “MMTUS NNKFE EELRN” (“M...N...E” etc.).
  6. Daniel 5:11 Or possibly the Spirit of the Holy God, and so throughout the chapter.
  7. Daniel 5:11 Twenty-three years have passed since Nebuchadnezzar’s death in 562 b.c.
  8. Daniel 5:22 The Aramaic (see note 2:4) word may also mean “grandson” or “descendant.”
  9. Daniel 5:25 These words are ordinary Aramaic from that time, so some commentators have speculated that the wise men recognized them but just could not put them into orderly sentences. Yet here Daniel seems to clearly “read” the words simply by pronouncing them in Aramaic (cf note v 8). His interpretation (vv 26-28) goes far beyond what the simple words mean by themselves.
  10. Daniel 5:28 The singular of upharsin (see v 25).
  11. Daniel 5:28 Foretold in Is 21:2, 5, 9.
  12. Daniel 5:28 Aram Paras.
  13. Daniel 5:30 The 16th of Tishri (October 12, 539 b.c).
  14. Daniel 5:30 The Persian army had been outside the walls of Babylon for some time, but waited until this time of national feasting before invading.
  15. Daniel 5:31 Some scholars believe “Darius” may be a title rather than a proper name and in this context refers either to Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who conquered Babylon or (more likely) to Gubaru, Cyrus’ commander who led the nighttime attack on the city and was appointed governor of the Babylonian territories.

Nueva Versión Internacional

Daniel 5

La escritura en la pared

1El rey Belsasar ofreció un gran banquete a mil miembros de la nobleza, y bebió vino con ellos hasta emborracharse. 2-3 Mientras brindaban, Belsasar mandó que le trajeran las copas de oro y de plata que Nabucodonosor, su padre, había tomado del templo de Jerusalén. Y así se hizo. Le llevaron las copas, y en ellas bebieron el rey y sus nobles, junto con sus esposas y concubinas. Ya borrachos, se deshacían en alabanzas a los dioses de oro, plata, bronce, hierro, madera y piedra.

En ese momento, en la sala del palacio apareció una mano que, a la luz de las lámparas, escribía con el dedo sobre la parte blanca de la pared. Mientras el rey observaba la mano que escribía, el rostro le palideció del susto, las rodillas comenzaron a temblarle y apenas podía sostenerse. Mandó entonces que vinieran los hechiceros, astrólogos y adivinos, y a estos sabios babilonios les dijo:

—Al que lea lo que allí está escrito, y me diga lo que significa, lo vestiré de púrpura, le pondré una cadena de oro en el cuello y lo nombraré tercer gobernante del reino.

Todos los sabios del reino se presentaron, pero no pudieron descifrar lo escrito ni decirle al rey lo que significaba. Esto hizo que el rey Belsasar se asustara y palideciera más todavía. Los nobles, por su parte, se hallaban confundidos.

10 Al oír el alboroto que hacían el rey y sus nobles, la reina misma entró en la sala del banquete y exclamó:

—¡Que viva Su Majestad por siempre! ¡Y no se alarme ni se ponga pálido! 11 En el reino de Su Majestad hay un hombre en quien reposa el espíritu de los santos dioses. Cuando vivía el rey Nabucodonosor, padre de Su Majestad, se halló que ese hombre poseía sabiduría, inteligencia y gran percepción, semejantes a las de los dioses. El padre de Su Majestad llegó a nombrar a ese hombre jefe de los magos, hechiceros, astrólogos y adivinos. 12 Y es que ese hombre tiene una mente aguda, amplios conocimientos, e inteligencia y capacidad para interpretar sueños, explicar misterios y resolver problemas difíciles. Llame usted a ese hombre, y él le dirá lo que significa ese escrito. Se llama Daniel, aunque el padre de Su Majestad le puso por nombre Beltsasar.

13 Daniel fue llevado a la presencia del rey, y este le preguntó:

—¿Así que tú eres Daniel, uno de los exiliados que mi padre trajo de Judá? 14 Me han contado que en ti reposa el espíritu de los dioses, y que posees gran agudeza e inteligencia, y una sabiduría sorprendente. 15 Los sabios y hechiceros se presentaron ante mí para leer esta escritura y decirme lo que significa, pero no pudieron descifrarla. 16 Según me han dicho, tú puedes dar interpretaciones y resolver problemas difíciles. Si logras descifrar e interpretar lo que allí está escrito, te vestiré de púrpura, te pondré una cadena de oro en el cuello y te nombraré tercer gobernante del reino.

17 —Su Majestad puede quedarse con sus regalos, o dárselos a otro —le respondió Daniel—. Yo voy a leerle a Su Majestad lo que dice en la pared, y le explicaré lo que significa.

18 »El Dios Altísimo dio al rey Nabucodonosor, padre de usted, grandeza, gloria, majestad y esplendor. 19 Gracias a la autoridad que Dios le dio, ante él temblaban de miedo todos los pueblos, naciones y gente de toda lengua. A quien él quería matar, lo mandaba matar; a quien quería perdonar, lo perdonaba; si quería promover a alguien, lo promovía; y, si quería humillarlo, lo humillaba. 20 Pero, cuando su corazón se volvió arrogante y orgulloso, se le arrebató el trono real y se le despojó de su gloria; 21 fue apartado de la gente y recibió la mente de un animal; vivió entre los asnos salvajes y se alimentó con pasto como el ganado; ¡el rocío de la noche empapaba su cuerpo! Todo esto le sucedió hasta que reconoció que el Dios Altísimo es el Soberano de todos los reinos del mundo, y que se los entrega a quien él quiere.

22 »Sin embargo, y a pesar de saber todo esto, usted, hijo de Nabucodonosor, no se ha humillado. 23 Por el contrario, se ha opuesto al Dios del cielo mandando traer de su templo las copas para que beban en ellas usted y sus nobles, sus esposas y concubinas. Usted se ha deshecho en alabanzas a los dioses de oro, plata, hierro, madera y piedra, dioses que no pueden ver ni oír ni entender; en cambio, no ha honrado al Dios en cuyas manos se hallan la vida y las acciones de Su Majestad. 24 Por eso Dios ha enviado esa mano a escribir 25 lo que allí aparece: Mene, Mene, Téquel, Parsin.

26 »Pues bien, esto es lo que significan esas palabras:

»Mene: Dios ha contado los días del reino de Su Majestad, y les ha puesto un límite.

27 »Téquel: Su Majestad ha sido puesto en la balanza, y no pesa lo que debería pesar.

28 »Parsin: El reino de Su Majestad se ha dividido, y ha sido entregado a medos y persas».

29 Entonces Belsasar ordenó que se vistiera a Daniel de púrpura, que se le pusiera una cadena de oro en el cuello, y que se le nombrara tercer gobernante del reino. 30 Esa misma noche fue asesinado Belsasar, rey de los babilonios, y Darío el Persa se apoderó del reino. 31 Para entonces, Darío tenía sesenta y dos años.