Amplified Bible

Daniel 1

The Choice Young Men

1In the third year of the reign of [a]Jehoiakim king of Judah, [b]Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the articles of the house of God; and he brought them into the land of [c]Shinar, to the house of his god, and brought the articles into the treasury of his god.

And the [Babylonian] king told Ashpenaz, the chief of his [d]officials, to bring in some of the sons of Israel, including some from the royal family and from the nobles, young men without blemish and handsome in appearance, skillful in all wisdom, endowed with intelligence and discernment, and quick to understand, competent to stand [in the presence of the king] and able to serve in the king’s palace. He also ordered Ashpenaz to teach them the literature and language of the [e]Chaldeans. The king assigned a daily ration for them from his finest food and from the wine which he drank. They were to be educated and nourished this way for three years so that at the end of that time they were [prepared] to enter the king’s service. Among them from the sons of Judah were: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. The commander of the officials gave them [Babylonian] names: Daniel he named Belteshazzar, Hananiah he named Shadrach, Mishael he named Meshach, and Azariah he named Abed-nego.

Daniel’s Resolve

But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile (taint, dishonor) himself with the [f]king’s finest food or with the wine which the king drank; so he asked the commander of the officials that he might [be excused so that he would] not defile himself. Now God granted Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials, 10 and the commander of the officials said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has prearranged your food and your drink; for why should he see your faces looking more haggard than the young men who are your own age? Then you would make me forfeit my head to the king.” 11 But Daniel said to the overseer whom the commander of the officials had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, 12 “Please, test your servants for ten days, and let us be given some vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then let our appearance and the appearance of the young men who eat the king’s finest food be observed and compared by you, and deal with your servants in accordance with what you see.”

14 So the man listened to them in this matter and tested them for ten days. 15 At the end of ten days it seemed that they were looking better and [g]healthier than all the young men who ate the king’s finest food. 16 So the overseer continued to withhold their fine food and the wine they were to drink, and kept giving them vegetables.

17 As for these four young men, God gave them knowledge and skill in all kinds of literature and wisdom; Daniel also understood all kinds of visions and dreams.

18 At the end of the time set by the king to bring all the young men in [before him], the commander of the officials presented them to Nebuchadnezzar. 19 The king spoke with them, and among them all not one was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; so they were [selected and] assigned to stand before the king and enter his personal service. 20 In every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them ten times better than all the [learned] magicians and enchanters (Magi) in his whole realm. 21 And Daniel remained there until the [h]first year of [the reign of] King Cyrus [over Babylon; now this was at the end of the seventy-year exile of Judah (the Southern Kingdom) in Babylonia, as foretold by Jeremiah].

Notas al pie

  1. Daniel 1:1 Pharaoh Neco had killed Josiah king of Judah and installed Eliakim (Josiah’s son) as a vassal ruler. Neco changed Eliakim’s name to Jehoiakim and he ruled for eleven years (2 Chr 36:4, 5).
  2. Daniel 1:1 Nebuchadnezzar II of the Chaldean Dynasty, more commonly known as Nebuchadnezzar the Great, ruled Babylon from 605-562 b.c. He conquered Jerusalem in 597 b.c.
  3. Daniel 1:2 I.e. southern Babylonia.
  4. Daniel 1:3 Or eunuchs, and so throughout.
  5. Daniel 1:4 The Chaldeans dominated and ruled Babylonia from 625 b.c. until their empire fell in 539 b.c., but they were known as early as 1000 b.c. as an aggressive, tribal people in the southern region of Babylonia. They were highly skilled in both the science of astronomy and the pseudo-science of astrology. They kept meticulous records of celestial motion and correctly calculated the length of a year to within just a few minutes. Babylon, their capital city, was the center of trade and learning in the western part of Asia. The classical literature of the Chaldeans was written in cuneiform, but the common language, both written and spoken in Babylon, was Akkadian increasingly influenced by Aramaic.
  6. Daniel 1:8 The first portions of the food and wine would have been presented to idols before being served at the table.
  7. Daniel 1:15 Lit fat of flesh.
  8. Daniel 1:21 Cyrus the Great, founder of the Persian Empire, ruled from 559-529 b.c. He conquered the Median (549 b.c.), the Lydian (546 b.c.), and the Neo-Babylonian (539 b.c.) kingdoms and formed the greatest empire the world had ever known. He returned a remnant of the Jewish population from Babylon to Jerusalem along with an edict to rebuild the temple.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

但以理書 1

但以理被擄到巴比倫

1猶大王約雅敬執政第三年,巴比倫王尼布甲尼撒前來圍攻耶路撒冷。 主將猶大王約雅敬及上帝殿中的部分器具交在他手中。他把器具擄到巴比倫[a]的神廟,放在他神明的庫房裡。

王吩咐太監長亞施毗拿從以色列的王室貴族中選一些人, 即毫無殘疾、相貌英俊、學問淵博、知識豐富、聰慧善學、能在王宮服侍的青年,教他們迦勒底的語言和文字。 王安排他們每日享用一份御用的膳食和酒。他們要受教養三年,期滿後好在王身邊供職。 被選的人中有猶大族的但以理、哈拿尼雅、米沙利、亞撒利雅。 太監長給他們起了名字:稱但以理為伯提沙撒,哈拿尼雅為沙得拉,米沙利為米煞,亞撒利雅為亞伯尼歌。

然而,但以理決心不用王的膳食和酒,以免玷污自己。他請求太監長准許他不玷污自己。 上帝使但以理得到太監長的恩待和同情。 10 不過,太監長對但以理說:「我懼怕我主我王,因為這是他安排給你們的飲食。如果他看見你們比同齡的青年瘦弱,如何是好?你們會使我在王面前人頭難保。」 11 但以理便對太監長派來監管他、哈拿尼雅、米沙利和亞撒利雅的人說: 12 「求你試試看,十天內只讓僕人們吃素菜、喝清水, 13 然後比較一下我們的面貌和那些用御膳的青年的面貌,看了之後再作決定。」 14 監管同意試他們十天。 15 十天後,但以理和他三個朋友看上去比那些用御膳的青年更俊美健康。 16 於是,監管撤去了安排給他們的膳食和酒,只給他們素菜。

17 上帝使這四個青年精通各樣學問和知識。但以理能明白各種異象和夢兆。 18 到了尼布甲尼撒王規定青年們進宮的日子,太監長便帶他們去見王。 19 王與他們談話,發現無人比得上但以理、哈拿尼雅、米沙利和亞撒利雅,便把他們留在身邊供職。 20 王詢問他們各樣的事,發現他們的智慧和聰明比全國的術士和巫師高十倍。 21 直到塞魯士王元年,但以理仍在那裡供職。

Notas al pie

  1. 1·2 巴比倫」希伯來文是「示拿」,巴比倫的別稱。