The Choice Young Men
1In the third year of the reign of [a]Jehoiakim king of Judah, [b]Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the articles of the house of God; and he brought them into the land of [c]Shinar, to the house of his god, and brought the articles into the treasury of his god.
3 And the [Babylonian] king told Ashpenaz, the chief of his [d]officials, to bring in some of the sons of Israel, including some from the royal family and from the nobles, 4 young men without blemish and handsome in appearance, skillful in all wisdom, endowed with intelligence and discernment, and quick to understand, competent to stand [in the presence of the king] and able to serve in the king’s palace. He also ordered Ashpenaz to teach them the literature and language of the [e]Chaldeans. 5 The king assigned a daily ration for them from his finest food and from the wine which he drank. They were to be educated and nourished this way for three years so that at the end of that time they were [prepared] to enter the king’s service. 6 Among them from the sons of Judah were: Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. 7 The commander of the officials gave them [Babylonian] names: Daniel he named Belteshazzar, Hananiah he named Shadrach, Mishael he named Meshach, and Azariah he named Abed-nego.
8 But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile (taint, dishonor) himself with the [f]king’s finest food or with the wine which the king drank; so he asked the commander of the officials that he might [be excused so that he would] not defile himself. 9 Now God granted Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials, 10 and the commander of the officials said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has prearranged your food and your drink; for why should he see your faces looking more haggard than the young men who are your own age? Then you would make me forfeit my head to the king.” 11 But Daniel said to the overseer whom the commander of the officials had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, 12 “Please, test your servants for ten days, and let us be given some vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then let our appearance and the appearance of the young men who eat the king’s finest food be observed and compared by you, and deal with your servants in accordance with what you see.”
14 So the man listened to them in this matter and tested them for ten days. 15 At the end of ten days it seemed that they were looking better and [g]healthier than all the young men who ate the king’s finest food. 16 So the overseer continued to withhold their fine food and the wine they were to drink, and kept giving them vegetables.
17 As for these four young men, God gave them knowledge and skill in all kinds of literature and wisdom; Daniel also understood all kinds of visions and dreams.
18 At the end of the time set by the king to bring all the young men in [before him], the commander of the officials presented them to Nebuchadnezzar. 19 The king spoke with them, and among them all not one was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; so they were [selected and] assigned to stand before the king and enter his personal service. 20 In every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them ten times better than all the [learned] magicians and enchanters (Magi) in his whole realm. 21 And Daniel remained there until the [h]first year of [the reign of] King Cyrus [over Babylon; now this was at the end of the seventy-year exile of Judah (the Southern Kingdom) in Babylonia, as foretold by Jeremiah].
Notas al pie
- Daniel 1:1 Pharaoh Neco had killed Josiah king of Judah and installed Eliakim (Josiah’s son) as a vassal ruler. Neco changed Eliakim’s name to Jehoiakim and he ruled for eleven years (2 Chr 36:4, 5).
- Daniel 1:1 Nebuchadnezzar II of the Chaldean Dynasty, more commonly known as Nebuchadnezzar the Great, ruled Babylon from 605-562 b.c. He conquered Jerusalem in 597 b.c.
- Daniel 1:2 I.e. southern Babylonia.
- Daniel 1:3 Or eunuchs, and so throughout.
- Daniel 1:4 The Chaldeans dominated and ruled Babylonia from 625 b.c. until their empire fell in 539 b.c., but they were known as early as 1000 b.c. as an aggressive, tribal people in the southern region of Babylonia. They were highly skilled in both the science of astronomy and the pseudo-science of astrology. They kept meticulous records of celestial motion and correctly calculated the length of a year to within just a few minutes. Babylon, their capital city, was the center of trade and learning in the western part of Asia. The classical literature of the Chaldeans was written in cuneiform, but the common language, both written and spoken in Babylon, was Akkadian increasingly influenced by Aramaic.
- Daniel 1:8 The first portions of the food and wine would have been presented to idols before being served at the table.
- Daniel 1:15 Lit fat of flesh.
- Daniel 1:21 Cyrus the Great, founder of the Persian Empire, ruled from 559-529 b.c. He conquered the Median (549 b.c.), the Lydian (546 b.c.), and the Neo-Babylonian (539 b.c.) kingdoms and formed the greatest empire the world had ever known. He returned a remnant of the Jewish population from Babylon to Jerusalem along with an edict to rebuild the temple.
Ẹ̀kọ́ Daniẹli ní Babeli
1Ní ọdún kẹta tí Jehoiakimu jẹ ọba Juda, Nebukadnessari ọba Babeli wá sí Jerusalẹmu, ó sì kọlù ú pẹ̀lú àwọn ọmọ-ogun rẹ̀. 2 Olúwa sì fa Jehoiakimu ọba Juda lé e lọ́wọ́, pẹ̀lú àwọn ohun èlò ilé Ọlọ́run. Àwọn nǹkan wọ̀nyí ni ó kó lọ sí ilé òrìṣà ní Babeli, sí inú ilé ìṣúra òrìṣà rẹ̀.
3 Nígbà náà ni ọba pàṣẹ fún Aṣipenasi, olórí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà ààfin rẹ̀ pé, kí ó mú nínú àwọn ọmọ Israẹli tí wọ́n wá láti ìdílé ọba àti lára àwọn tí ó wá láti ilé ọlá. 4 Àwọn ọ̀dọ́mọkùnrin tí kò ní àbùkù ara, tí wọ́n rẹwà, tí wọ́n sì fi ìfẹ́ sí ẹ̀kọ́ hàn, tí wọ́n sì ní ìmọ̀, tí òye tètè ń yé àti àwọn tí ó kún ojú òṣùwọ̀n láti ṣiṣẹ́ ní ààfin ọba kí ó kọ́ wọ́n ní èdè àti onírúurú ẹ̀kọ́ ìwé ti àwọn Babeli. 5 Ọba pèsè oúnjẹ ojoojúmọ́ àti wáìnì láti orí tábìlì i rẹ̀ fún wọn, ó sì kọ́ wọn fún ọdún mẹ́ta. Lẹ́yìn náà ni wọn yóò bẹ̀rẹ̀ sí í ṣiṣẹ́ fún ọba.
6 Lára àwọn wọ̀nyí ni àwọn tó wá láti Juda: Daniẹli, Hananiah, Miṣaeli àti Asariah. 7 Olórí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà fún wọn ní orúkọ tuntun: Ó fún Daniẹli ní Belteṣassari, ó fún Hananiah ní Ṣadraki, ó fún Miṣaeli ní Meṣaki àti Asariah ní Abednego.
8 Ṣùgbọ́n Daniẹli pinnu ní ọkàn ara rẹ̀ pé òun kò ní ba ara òun jẹ́ pẹ̀lú oúnjẹ àti wáìnì ọba, nígbà náà ni ó gba ààyè lọ́wọ́ olórí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà wí pé òun kò fẹ́ ba ara òun jẹ́ ní ọ̀nà yìí. 9 Ọlọ́run mú kí Daniẹli rí ojúrere àti àánú gbà láti ọwọ́ olórí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà, 10 Ṣùgbọ́n olórí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà sọ fún Daniẹli pé, “Mo bẹ̀rù olúwa mi, ẹni tí o ti pèsè oúnjẹ àti ohun mímu rẹ. Báwo ni ìrísí rẹ yóò ṣe burú jù ti àwọn ọ̀dọ́mọkùnrin ẹlẹgbẹ́ ẹ̀ rẹ lọ? Nígbà náà ni èmi yóò fi orí mi wéwu lọ́dọ̀ ọba.”
11 Nígbà náà ni Daniẹli sọ fún olùṣọ́ tí olórí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà yàn lórí i Daniẹli, Hananiah, Miṣaeli àti Asariah pé, 12 Jọ̀wọ́ dán àwa ìránṣẹ́ rẹ wò fún ọjọ́ mẹ́wàá: Má ṣe fún wa ní ohun kankan, àfi ewébẹ̀ láti jẹ àti omi láti mu. 13 Nígbà náà ni kí o fi ìrísí i wa wé ti àwọn ọ̀dọ́mọkùnrin tí wọ́n ń jẹ oúnjẹ ọba, kí o sì ṣe àwa ìránṣẹ́ rẹ ní ìbámu pẹ̀lú u bí o bá ṣe rí i sí. 14 Bẹ́ẹ̀ ni ó sì gbà láti dán wọn wò fún ọjọ́ mẹ́wàá.
15 Lẹ́yìn ọjọ́ kẹwàá ara wọn le, wọ́n sì sanra ju àwọn ọ̀dọ́mọkùnrin tí wọ́n ń jẹ oúnjẹ ọba lọ. 16 Bẹ́ẹ̀ ni olùṣọ́ mú oúnjẹ àdídùn àti wáìnì tí ó yẹ kí wọ́n mu kúrò, ó sì fún wọn ní ewébẹ̀ dípò rẹ̀.
17 Ọlọ́run fún àwọn ọ̀dọ́mọkùnrin mẹ́rẹ̀ẹ̀rin wọ̀nyí ní ìmọ̀ àti òye nínú gbogbo onírúurú ìwé àti ẹ̀kọ́ ọ wọn: Daniẹli sì ní òye ìran àti àlá ní oríṣìíríṣìí.
18 Ní òpin ìgbà tí ọba dá, pé kí a mú wọn wá sínú ààfin, olórí àwọn ìwẹ̀fà mú wọn wá síwájú ọba Nebukadnessari. 19 Ọba sì bá wọn sọ̀rọ̀, ó sì rí i pé kò sí ẹni tí ó dàbí i Daniẹli, Hananiah, Miṣaeli àti Asariah; Nítorí náà wọ́n bẹ̀rẹ̀ sí ní ṣe iṣẹ́ ọba. 20 Nínú gbogbo ọ̀ràn ọgbọ́n àti òye tí ọba ń béèrè lọ́wọ́ wọn, ó rí i pé wọ́n sàn ní ìlọ́po mẹ́wàá ju gbogbo àwọn amòye àti ọlọ́gbọ́n tí ó wà ní gbogbo ìjọba rẹ̀.
21 Daniẹli sì wà níbẹ̀ títí di ọdún kìn-ín-ní ọba Kirusi.