Amplified Bible

Genesis 1

The Creation

1In the beginning God ([a]Elohim) [b]created [by forming from nothing] the heavens and the earth. The earth was [c]formless and void or a waste and emptiness, and darkness was upon the face of the deep [primeval ocean that covered the unformed earth]. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters. And God said, [d]“Let there be light”; and there was light. God saw that the light was good (pleasing, useful) and [e]He affirmed and sustained it; and God separated the light [distinguishing it] from the darkness. And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was [f]evening and there was [g]morning, one day.

And God said, “Let there be an [h]expanse [of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below the expanse] from the waters [above the expanse].” And God made the expanse [of sky] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so [just as He commanded]. God called the expanse [of sky] heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place [of standing, pooling together], and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that this was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it. 11 So God said, “Let the earth sprout [tender] [i]vegetation, [j]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind, whose seed is in them upon the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth sprouted and abundantly produced vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, according to their kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

14 Then God said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be useful for signs (tokens) [of God’s provident care], and for marking seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be useful as lights in the expanse of the heavens to provide light on the earth”; and it was so, [just as He commanded]. 16 God made the two great lights—the greater light (the sun) to rule the day, and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night; He made the [galaxies of] stars also [that is, all the amazing wonders in the heavens]. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to provide light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

20 Then God said, “Let the waters swarm and abundantly produce living creatures, and let birds soar above the earth [k]in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind: livestock, crawling things, and wild animals of the earth according to their kinds”; and it was so [because He had spoken them into creation]. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, and the cattle according to their kind, and everything that creeps and crawls on the earth according to its kind; and God saw that it was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it.

26 Then God said, “Let Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) make man in Our image, according to Our likeness [not physical, but a spiritual personality and moral likeness]; and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, and over the entire earth, and over everything that creeps and crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them [granting them certain authority] and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subjugate it [putting it under your power]; and rule over (dominate) the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 So God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that moves on the ground—to everything in which there is the breath of life—I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so [because He commanded it]. 31 God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good and He validated it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

Notas al pie

  1. Genesis 1:1 This is originally a plural form based on el (root meaning: strength), which itself is used to refer to God in compounds like El Shaddai (Almighty God). The word el is also used to refer to false gods, so the context determines whether Elohim means “God” or is better understood as “gods” (elohim).
  2. Genesis 1:1 Heb bara. Here and in 1:21, God created from nothing which is something only He can do. In 1:27, God used preexisting materials (man from the dust of the ground; Eve from Adam’s rib); each use of the word bara (“create”) must be considered in its specific context.
  3. Genesis 1:2 The Hebrew text here has two rhyming words, tohu and bohu, which have similar meanings of “wasteness” and “emptiness.” The construction is a figure of speech called hendiadys, in which two words are used together to express the same idea. The meaning is that the earth had no clearly discernible features at this point in creation but essentially was a mass of raw materials. This proves to be very important from philosophical and scientific viewpoints, because it documents the fact that the raw matter of the earth—and by extension, of the universe—did not coexist eternally with God, but was created by Him ex nihilo (Latin “out of nothing”).
  4. Genesis 1:3 This is not in the imperative mood (the ordinary grammatical form for a command), but God willed these creative events into existence. It is the voluntative mood in Hebrew. This translates, “It is My will that this happen.” English does not have the voluntative mood, which includes the jussive and cohortative forms. When “let” is used in this way, it represents a command not in the imperative mood, but rather an expression of God’s will, the jussive form. God literally commanded (willed) the world into existence.
  5. Genesis 1:4 “He affirmed and sustained it” is understood (deduced) from the context. The italic “and” alerts the reader or student of Hebrew that the word or words that follow are amplifications not found in the Hebrew text itself, but implied by it or by contextual factors.
  6. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “evening” indicates dusk or sunset.
  7. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “morning” indicates the time when it is getting light (dawn).
  8. Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament.
  9. Genesis 1:11 Or grass.
  10. Genesis 1:11 Or herbs.
  11. Genesis 1:20 Lit over the face of.

La Bible du Semeur

Genèse 1

La création de l’univers

1Au commencement, Dieu créa le ciel et la terre. Or, la terre était chaotique et vide. Les ténèbres couvraient l’abîme, et l’Esprit de Dieu planait au-dessus des eaux.

Et Dieu dit alors: Que la lumière soit!

Et la lumière fut[a]. Dieu vit que la lumière était bonne, et il sépara la lumière des ténèbres. Il appela la lumière: «jour» et les ténèbres: «nuit».

Il y eut un soir, il y eut un matin. Ce fut le premier jour.

Puis Dieu dit: Qu’il y ait une étendue entre les eaux pour les séparer.

Dieu fit l’étendue. Il sépara les eaux qui étaient sous l’étendue des eaux qui étaient au-dessus. Et ce fut ainsi.

Dieu appela cette étendue: «ciel». Il y eut un soir, il y eut un matin: ce fut le deuxième jour.

Puis Dieu dit: Que les eaux d’au-dessous du ciel se rassemblent en un seul endroit pour que la terre ferme paraisse.

Et ce fut ainsi.

10 Dieu appela «terre» la terre ferme, et «mer» l’amas des eaux. Dieu vit que c’était bon.

11 Puis Dieu dit: Que la terre se couvre de verdure, de l’herbe portant sa semence, et de chaque espèce d’arbre produisant du fruit, portant chacun sa semence, partout sur la terre.

Et ce fut ainsi.

12 La terre fit germer de la verdure, chaque espèce d’herbe portant sa semence et chaque espèce d’arbre produisant du fruit, portant chacun sa semence. Dieu vit que c’était bon.

13 Il y eut un soir, il y eut un matin: ce fut le troisième jour.

14 Puis Dieu dit: Que, dans l’étendue du ciel, il y ait des luminaires pour distinguer le jour de la nuit, et pour qu’ils marquent les saisons, les jours et les années. 15 Que, dans l’étendue du ciel, ils servent de luminaires pour illuminer la terre.

Et ce fut ainsi.

16 Dieu fit deux grands luminaires, le plus grand pour qu’il préside au jour, et le plus petit pour qu’il préside à la nuit. Il fit aussi les étoiles. 17 Il les plaça dans l’étendue du ciel pour illuminer la terre, 18 pour présider au jour ainsi qu’à la nuit, et séparer la lumière des ténèbres. Dieu vit que c’était bon.

19 Il y eut un soir, il y eut un matin: ce fut le quatrième jour.

20 Puis Dieu dit: Que les eaux foisonnent d’une multitude d’êtres vivants, et que des oiseaux volent au-dessus de la terre dans l’étendue du ciel!

21 Alors Dieu créa chaque espèce de grands animaux marins et chaque espèce d’êtres vivants qui se meuvent et foisonnent dans les eaux, et chaque espèce d’oiseaux ailés. Dieu vit que c’était bon. 22 Et il les bénit, en ces termes: Soyez féconds, multipliez-vous, remplissez les eaux des mers, et que les oiseaux aussi se multiplient sur la terre.

23 Il y eut un soir, il y eut un matin: ce fut le cinquième jour.

24 Puis Dieu dit: Que la terre produise chaque espèce d’êtres vivants, chaque espèce de bestiaux, de reptiles et d’insectes, ainsi que d’animaux sauvages.

Et ce fut ainsi.

25 Dieu fit chaque espèce d’animaux sauvages, il fit chaque espèce de bestiaux, chaque espèce de reptiles et d’insectes. Dieu vit que c’était bon.

26 Puis Dieu dit: Faisons les hommes[b] de sorte qu’ils soient notre image[c], qu’ils nous ressemblent. Qu’ils dominent sur les poissons de la mer, sur les oiseaux du ciel, sur les bestiaux sur toute la terre et sur tous les reptiles et les insectes.

27 Dieu créa les hommes de sorte qu’ils soient son image, oui, il les créa de sorte qu’ils soient l’image de Dieu. Il les créa homme et femme[d].

28 Dieu les bénit en disant: Soyez féconds, multipliez-vous, remplissez la terre, rendez-vous en maîtres, et dominez les poissons des mers, les oiseaux du ciel et tous les reptiles et les insectes.

29 Et Dieu dit: Voici, je vous donne, pour vous en nourrir, toute plante portant sa semence partout sur la terre, et tous les arbres fruitiers portant leur semence.

30 Je donne aussi à tout animal de la terre, aux oiseaux du ciel, à tout animal qui se meut à ras de terre, et à tout être vivant, toute plante verte pour qu’ils s’en nourrissent.

Et ce fut ainsi.

31 Dieu considéra tout ce qu’il avait créé: c’était très bon.

Il y eut un soir, il y eut un matin: ce fut le sixième jour.

Notas al pie

  1. 1.3 Allusion en 2 Co 4.6.
  2. 1.26 L’hébreu a un singulier collectif qui a valeur de pluriel, puisque les verbes du v. 26 qui suivent sont au pluriel.
  3. 1.26 D’autres comprennent: à notre image. Voir 5.1-12; 9.6; 1 Co 11.7.
  4. 1.27 Cité en Mt 19.4 et Mc 10.6.