Amplified Bible

Acts 23

Paul before the Council

1Then Paul, looking intently at the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court), said, “Kinsmen, I have lived my life before God with a perfectly good conscience until this very day.” [At this] the high priest [a]Ananias ordered those who stood beside him to strike Paul on the mouth. Then Paul said to him, “God is going to strike you, you [b]whitewashed wall! Do you actually sit to judge me according to the Law, and yet in violation of the Law order me to be struck?” But those who stood near Paul said, “Are you insulting the high priest of God?” Paul said, “I was not aware, brothers, that he was [c]high priest; for it is written, ‘You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.’”

But recognizing that one group were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, Paul began affirming loudly in the Council chamber, “Kinsmen, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the hope and resurrection of the dead!” When he said this, an angry dispute erupted between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the [whole crowded] assembly was divided [into two factions]. For the Sadducees say that there is no [such thing as a] resurrection, nor an angel, nor a spirit, but the Pharisees [speak out freely and] acknowledge [their belief in] them all. Then a great uproar occurred, and some of the scribes of the Pharisees’ party stood up and began to argue heatedly [in Paul’s favor], saying, “We find nothing wrong with this man; suppose a spirit or an angel has [really] spoken to him?” 10 And as the dissension became even greater, the commander, fearing that Paul would be torn to pieces by them, ordered the troops to go down and forcibly take him from them, and bring him to the barracks.

11 On the following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, “Be brave; for as you have solemnly and faithfully witnessed about Me at Jerusalem, so you must also testify at Rome.”

A Conspiracy to Kill Paul

12 Now when day came, the Jews formed a conspiracy and bound themselves under an oath (curse), saying that they would not eat or drink until they had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty [men] who formed this plot [and swore this oath]. 14 They went to the chief priests and elders and said, “We have bound ourselves under a solemn oath not to taste anything [neither food nor drink] until we have killed Paul. 15 So now you, along with the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court), notify the commander to bring Paul down to you, as if you were going to investigate his case more thoroughly. But we are ready to kill him before he comes near [the place].”

16 But the son of Paul’s sister heard of their [planned] ambush, and he went to the barracks and told Paul. 17 Then Paul, calling in one of the centurions, said, “Take this young man to the commander, for he has something to tell him.” 18 So he took him and led him to the commander and said, “Paul the prisoner called for me and asked me to bring this young man to you, because he has something to tell you.” 19 The commander took him by the hand and stepping aside, began to ask him privately, “What is it that you have to tell me?” 20 And he said, “The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court) tomorrow, as if they were going to interrogate him more thoroughly. 21 But do not listen to them, for more than forty of them are lying in wait for him, and they have bound themselves with an oath not to eat or drink until they have killed him. Even now they are ready, just waiting for your promise.” 22 So the commander let the young man leave, instructing him, “Do not tell anyone that you have given me this information.”

Paul Moved to Caesarea Maritima

23 Then summoning two of the centurions, he said, “Have two hundred soldiers ready by the third hour of the night (9:00 p.m.) to go as far as [d]Caesarea, with seventy horsemen and two hundred [e]spearmen; 24 also provide mounts for Paul to ride, and bring him safely to [f]Felix the governor.” 25 And [after instructing the centurions] he wrote a letter to this effect:

26 

“Claudius Lysias, to the most excellent governor Felix, greetings.

27 

This man was seized [as a prisoner] by the Jews and was about to be killed by them, when I came upon him with the troops and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman citizen. 28 And wanting to know the exact charge which they were making against him, I brought him down to their Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court); 29 and I discovered that he was accused in regard to questions and issues in their Law, but [he was] under no accusation that would call for the penalty of death or [even] for imprisonment.

30 

When I was told that there would be a plot against the man, I sent him to you immediately, also directing his accusers to bring their charges against him before you.”

31 So the soldiers, in compliance with their orders, took Paul and brought him to Antipatris during the night. 32 And the next day, leaving the horsemen to go on with him, they returned to the barracks. 33 When these [horsemen] reached Caesarea, they delivered the letter to the governor, and also presented Paul to him. 34 After reading the letter, he asked which province Paul was from, and when he learned that he was from Cilicia [an imperial province], 35 he said, “I will hear your case when your accusers have arrived,” giving orders that Paul be kept under guard in Herod’s Praetorium (the governor’s official residence).

Notas al pie

  1. Acts 23:2 Ananias served as high priest from a.d. 47-59. He was a violent man who had close ties to Rome and was assassinated by his own people about a.d. 66.
  2. Acts 23:3 Paul probably is referring to the outside wall of a tomb, which was considered ritually unclean and polluted. Tombs were usually whitewashed on the outside so that passers-by could see them more clearly and avoid contact with them.
  3. Acts 23:5 Under Roman domination, high priests did not serve for life but were replaced from time to time. Paul had not been updated on the current status of the office.
  4. Acts 23:23 Caesarea Maritima (Caesarea-on-the-Sea) was a coastal city built by Herod the Great. It was an important city, both politically and militarily, and its harbor was the largest on the eastern Mediterranean coast. It was the capital of Judea, and the official residence of the prefects and procurators (governors) appointed by Rome. Both Pontius Pilate (prefect, a.d. 26-36) and Marcus Antonius Felix (procurator, a.d. 52-60) would have been based here during their respective terms of office.
  5. Acts 23:23 Or slingers or bowmen.
  6. Acts 23:24 Marcus Antonius Felix was appointed by Emperor Claudius and served as procurator (governor) of Judea from a.d. 52-60.

Japanese Living Bible

使徒の働き 23

1パウロは議会の面々をじっと見つめ、口を開きました。「皆さん。私はいつでも神の前で、少しも良心に恥じない生活を送ってまいりました。」

これを聞いただけで、大祭司のアナニヤは、パウロのそばに立っている者たちに、「やつの口を打て」と命じました。

パウロは、しっかりアナニヤを見すえて言いました。「神に罰せられるのは、あなたのほうだ。うわべだけは取りつくろっても、自分で律法を破っている。私を打てとは、なんという裁判官か。」

「それが大祭司様に対することばか!」そばにいた者たちが叫びました。

「あの人が大祭司ですって? それは知りませんでした。聖書には確かに、『指導者の悪口を言ってはならない』と書いてありますが。」

そう言ってパウロは、議会にはサドカイ人もいれば、パリサイ人もいることに気づき、こう叫びました。「皆さん。私は先祖代々のパリサイ人です。私が今ここでさばかれているのは、死者の復活を信じているからなのです。」

このことばで、議会はパリサイ派とサドカイ派に真っ二つに分かれてしまいました。 サドカイ派が復活も天使も信じず、永遠に生きる霊もないと主張する一方、パリサイ派は、それらを全部信じていたからです。

議会は大混乱に陥りました。ユダヤ人の指導者の中にも、パウロは正しいと論じる人が現れて、彼らは大声で言いました。「この人は別に悪いことなんかしていない。たぶんダマスコへ行く途中で、何かの霊か天使が語りかけたのだろう。」

10 叫び声はますます大きくなり、人々はパウロを両方から奪い合おうとします。パウロが引き裂かれるのではないかと心配になった司令官は、兵士たちに、力ずくでパウロを人々から引き離させ、兵営に連れ帰りました。

11 その夜、主がパウロのそばに立って、こう言われました。「パウロよ。心配はいらない。あなたは、このエルサレムでと同じように、ローマでもわたしのことを人々に証言するのだ。」

12-13 翌朝、四十名以上のユダヤ人が集まり、パウロを殺すまでは飲み食いをしないと誓い合いました。 14 彼らは、祭司長と長老たちのところへ行ってその決意を告げ、 15 「もう少しパウロを尋問したいと言って、彼をもう一度議会に立たせるよう、司令官に頼んでいただけないでしょうか。あとは私たちが途中で待ち伏せて、うまく始末します」と願い出ました。

16 ところが、この陰謀を、パウロの甥が知ったのです。彼は急いで兵営に駆け込み、このことをパウロに知らせました。

17 パウロは士官の一人を呼び、「この青年を、司令官に会わせてやってください。重大な報告があるそうですから」と頼みました。

18 士官はすぐに、青年を連れて司令官のところへ行き、「囚人のパウロが、この青年をお引き合わせするようにと申しております。何か報告があるそうで……」と伝えました。

19 司令官は青年の手を取り、だれもいないところへ連れて行って、「いったいどんな用件か」と尋ねました。

20 「ユダヤ人たちが、もう少し取り調べたいことがあるようなふりをして、明日パウロをもう一度議会に呼び出すことを願い出ます。 21 しかし、どうか許可なさいませんように。四十名以上の者が、パウロを襲い、殺そうと待ち伏せているからです。彼らは、パウロを殺すまでは飲み食いしないと誓い合っています。今、彼らは外で、あなたの許可が下りるのを待っているのです。」

22 司令官は、「このことはだれにも口外するな」と言い含めて、青年を帰しました。 23-24 それからすぐ彼は、士官を二人呼び、「今夜九時、カイザリヤに向けて出発できるよう準備せよ。兵士は二百名だ。それと槍兵二百名、騎兵七十名も同行させよ。パウロを馬に乗せ、総督ペリクス閣下のもとへ無事に送り届けるのだ」と命じました。

25 このとき司令官が総督に送った手紙は、次のようなものでした。 26 「クラウデオ・ルシヤから、総督ペリクス閣下に、ごあいさつを申し上げます。 27 この者は、ユダヤ人に捕らえられ、危うく殺害されるところを、本官が兵を率いて駆けつけ、救出した者でございます。それというのも、れっきとしたローマ市民であったからです。 28 その後、議会で真相を調べましたところ、 29 問題はユダヤ人の信仰上のことであり、この者を投獄したり、死刑にしたりするような事件ではないことが判明いたしました。 30 しかし、この者のいのちをねらう陰謀が巡らされているとの情報をつかみましたので、彼の身柄を閣下のもとに送ることにいたします。また、この者を訴えたければ、以後は閣下の前で訴えるようにと、その旨指示しておきました。」

31 その夜のうちに、兵士たちは命令どおりパウロをアンテパトリスまで護送し、 32 翌朝、そこからカイザリヤまでは騎兵隊に任せて、兵営に引き返しました。

33 カイザリヤに着くと、騎兵隊は、司令官からの手紙といっしょにパウロを総督に引き渡しました。 34 手紙を読み終えた総督が出身地を尋ねたので、パウロはキリキヤだと答えました。

35 総督は、「おまえを訴える者たちが来てから、くわしく取り調べよう」と申し渡し、ヘロデの官邸内の牢獄に、パウロを入れておくよう命じました。