Amplified Bible

Acts 23

Paul before the Council

1Then Paul, looking intently at the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court), said, “Kinsmen, I have lived my life before God with a perfectly good conscience until this very day.” [At this] the high priest [a]Ananias ordered those who stood beside him to strike Paul on the mouth. Then Paul said to him, “God is going to strike you, you [b]whitewashed wall! Do you actually sit to judge me according to the Law, and yet in violation of the Law order me to be struck?” But those who stood near Paul said, “Are you insulting the high priest of God?” Paul said, “I was not aware, brothers, that he was [c]high priest; for it is written, ‘You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.’”

But recognizing that one group were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, Paul began affirming loudly in the Council chamber, “Kinsmen, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the hope and resurrection of the dead!” When he said this, an angry dispute erupted between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the [whole crowded] assembly was divided [into two factions]. For the Sadducees say that there is no [such thing as a] resurrection, nor an angel, nor a spirit, but the Pharisees [speak out freely and] acknowledge [their belief in] them all. Then a great uproar occurred, and some of the scribes of the Pharisees’ party stood up and began to argue heatedly [in Paul’s favor], saying, “We find nothing wrong with this man; suppose a spirit or an angel has [really] spoken to him?” 10 And as the dissension became even greater, the commander, fearing that Paul would be torn to pieces by them, ordered the troops to go down and forcibly take him from them, and bring him to the barracks.

11 On the following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, “Be brave; for as you have solemnly and faithfully witnessed about Me at Jerusalem, so you must also testify at Rome.”

A Conspiracy to Kill Paul

12 Now when day came, the Jews formed a conspiracy and bound themselves under an oath (curse), saying that they would not eat or drink until they had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty [men] who formed this plot [and swore this oath]. 14 They went to the chief priests and elders and said, “We have bound ourselves under a solemn oath not to taste anything [neither food nor drink] until we have killed Paul. 15 So now you, along with the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court), notify the commander to bring Paul down to you, as if you were going to investigate his case more thoroughly. But we are ready to kill him before he comes near [the place].”

16 But the son of Paul’s sister heard of their [planned] ambush, and he went to the barracks and told Paul. 17 Then Paul, calling in one of the centurions, said, “Take this young man to the commander, for he has something to tell him.” 18 So he took him and led him to the commander and said, “Paul the prisoner called for me and asked me to bring this young man to you, because he has something to tell you.” 19 The commander took him by the hand and stepping aside, began to ask him privately, “What is it that you have to tell me?” 20 And he said, “The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court) tomorrow, as if they were going to interrogate him more thoroughly. 21 But do not listen to them, for more than forty of them are lying in wait for him, and they have bound themselves with an oath not to eat or drink until they have killed him. Even now they are ready, just waiting for your promise.” 22 So the commander let the young man leave, instructing him, “Do not tell anyone that you have given me this information.”

Paul Moved to Caesarea Maritima

23 Then summoning two of the centurions, he said, “Have two hundred soldiers ready by the third hour of the night (9:00 p.m.) to go as far as [d]Caesarea, with seventy horsemen and two hundred [e]spearmen; 24 also provide mounts for Paul to ride, and bring him safely to [f]Felix the governor.” 25 And [after instructing the centurions] he wrote a letter to this effect:


“Claudius Lysias, to the most excellent governor Felix, greetings.


This man was seized [as a prisoner] by the Jews and was about to be killed by them, when I came upon him with the troops and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman citizen. 28 And wanting to know the exact charge which they were making against him, I brought him down to their Council (Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court); 29 and I discovered that he was accused in regard to questions and issues in their Law, but [he was] under no accusation that would call for the penalty of death or [even] for imprisonment.


When I was told that there would be a plot against the man, I sent him to you immediately, also directing his accusers to bring their charges against him before you.”

31 So the soldiers, in compliance with their orders, took Paul and brought him to Antipatris during the night. 32 And the next day, leaving the horsemen to go on with him, they returned to the barracks. 33 When these [horsemen] reached Caesarea, they delivered the letter to the governor, and also presented Paul to him. 34 After reading the letter, he asked which province Paul was from, and when he learned that he was from Cilicia [an imperial province], 35 he said, “I will hear your case when your accusers have arrived,” giving orders that Paul be kept under guard in Herod’s Praetorium (the governor’s official residence).

Notas al pie

  1. Acts 23:2 Ananias served as high priest from a.d. 47-59. He was a violent man who had close ties to Rome and was assassinated by his own people about a.d. 66.
  2. Acts 23:3 Paul probably is referring to the outside wall of a tomb, which was considered ritually unclean and polluted. Tombs were usually whitewashed on the outside so that passers-by could see them more clearly and avoid contact with them.
  3. Acts 23:5 Under Roman domination, high priests did not serve for life but were replaced from time to time. Paul had not been updated on the current status of the office.
  4. Acts 23:23 Caesarea Maritima (Caesarea-on-the-Sea) was a coastal city built by Herod the Great. It was an important city, both politically and militarily, and its harbor was the largest on the eastern Mediterranean coast. It was the capital of Judea, and the official residence of the prefects and procurators (governors) appointed by Rome. Both Pontius Pilate (prefect, a.d. 26-36) and Marcus Antonius Felix (procurator, a.d. 52-60) would have been based here during their respective terms of office.
  5. Acts 23:23 Or slingers or bowmen.
  6. Acts 23:24 Marcus Antonius Felix was appointed by Emperor Claudius and served as procurator (governor) of Judea from a.d. 52-60.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

使徒行传 23

1保罗注视着公会的人,说:“弟兄们,我在上帝面前行事为人一向问心无愧。” 大祭司亚拿尼亚一听,就命那些站在旁边的人打保罗的嘴。 保罗对亚拿尼亚说:“你这伪君子[a],上帝要击打你!你坐在那里不是应当依法审问我吗?你怎么违法叫人打我?”

站在旁边的人说:“你竟敢辱骂上帝的大祭司?” 保罗说:“弟兄们,我不知道他是大祭司。我知道圣经上说,‘不可咒诅百姓的官长。’”

保罗发现他们一些是法利赛人,一些是撒都该人,就在公会中高声说:“弟兄们,我是法利赛人,也是法利赛人的子孙。我因为盼望死人复活,才在这里受审!” 这句话立刻引起法利赛人和撒都该人之间的争论,公会分成了两派。 因为撒都该人认为没有复活,也没有天使和灵,而法利赛人认为这些都有。

众人大声喧嚷,有几个法利赛派的律法教师站起来争辩说:“我们找不出这人有什么错处,也许真的有灵或天使跟他说过话。” 10 争论越来越激烈,千夫长怕保罗会被他们扯碎了,就派人把他从人群中救出来,带回军营。

11 当天晚上,主站在保罗身旁对他说:“要勇敢!正如你在耶路撒冷为我做了见证,你也必须在罗马为我做见证。”


12 天亮后,犹太人设下阴谋,并起誓说:“不杀保罗,誓不吃喝!” 13 有四十多人参与了这个阴谋。 14 他们去见祭司长和长老,说:“我们已经发了誓,不杀保罗不吃饭。 15 请你们和公会出面通知千夫长,请他把保罗押到你们这里来,就说要进一步审讯他。我们准备在他到达之前杀掉他!”

16 保罗的外甥听到这一阴谋,就去军营通知保罗。 17 保罗请来一位百夫长,说:“请赶快带这青年去见千夫长,他有要事禀告!” 18 百夫长领那青年去见千夫长,说:“那囚犯保罗叫我带这青年来,说有要事禀告。”

19 千夫长就拉着那青年的手走到一旁,私下问他:“你有什么事要告诉我?” 20 他说:“那些犹太人约好了,要请求你明天带保罗到公会受审,假装要详细审问他的事。 21 你不要答应他们,因为他们有四十多个人会埋伏在半路,并且还起誓说,‘不杀保罗就不吃不喝’。他们现在已经准备就绪,就等你答应了。”

22 千夫长听后,就叫他回去,并叮嘱道:“你向我禀告的事,不要告诉别人。”


23 于是,千夫长召来两名百夫长,吩咐道:“预备二百名步兵、七十名骑兵、二百名长枪手,今晚九时出发去凯撒利亚。 24 要给保罗预备坐骑,护送他安全抵达腓利斯总督那里。”

25 千夫长写了公文给腓利斯总督,内容如下: 26 “克劳狄·吕西亚敬问腓利斯总督大人安。 27 这人被犹太人抓住,险些被他们杀害。我得知他是罗马公民,便带兵去救了他。 28 为了弄清楚他们控告他的缘由,我押他到犹太人的公会受审, 29 发现他被控告与他们的律法有关,他并没有犯该被监禁或处死的罪。 30 我得知有人准备暗杀他,便立即护送他到你那里,并通知他的控告者去你那里告他。”

31 军兵奉命行事,连夜护送保罗到安提帕底。 32 第二天,由骑兵继续护送,其余军兵返回军营。 33 他们到了凯撒利亚,将公文呈交总督,把保罗交给他。 34 总督看过公文,便问保罗是哪省的人,得知保罗是基利迦人,就说: 35 “等告你的人来了,我会审理你的案子。”于是下令把保罗关在希律的王府里。

Notas al pie

  1. 23:3 伪君子”希腊文是“粉饰的墙”。