Amplified Bible

2 Samuel 1

David Learns of Saul’s Death

1Now it happened after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, that he stayed two days in Ziklag. On the third day a man came [unexpectedly] from Saul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head [as in mourning]. When he came to David, he bowed to the ground and lay himself face down [in an act of great respect and submission]. Then David asked him, “Where do you come from?” He said, “I have escaped from the camp of Israel.” David said to him, “How did it go? Please tell me.” He answered, “The people have fled from the battle. Also, many of the people have fallen and are dead; Saul and Jonathan his son are also dead.” So David said to the young man who informed him, “How do you know Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” And the young man who told him explained, “By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and there was Saul leaning on his spear, and the chariots and horsemen [of the Philistines] were close behind him. When he turned to look behind him, he saw me, and called to me. And I answered, ‘Here I am.’ He asked me, ‘Who are you?’ I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’ He said to me, ‘Stand up facing me and kill me, for [terrible] agony has come over me, yet I still live [and I will be taken alive].’ 10 So I stood facing him [a]and killed him, because I knew that he could not live after he had fallen. Then I took the crown which was on his head and the [b]band which was on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.”

11 Then David grasped his own clothes and tore them [in mourning]; so did all the men who were with him. 12 They mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and Jonathan his son, and for the Lord’s people and the house of [c]Israel, because they had fallen by the sword [in battle]. 13 David said to the young man who informed him, “Where are you from?” He answered, “I am the son of a foreigner (resident alien, sojourner), an Amalekite.” 14 David said to him, “How is it that you were not afraid to put out your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?” 15 David called one of the young men and said, “Go, execute him.” So he struck the Amalekite and he died. 16 David said to the [fallen] man, “[d]Your blood is on your own head, for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the Lord’s anointed.’”

David’s Dirge for Saul and Jonathan

17 Then David sang this dirge (funeral song) over Saul and his son Jonathan, 18 and he told them to teach the sons of Judah, the song of the bow. Behold, it is written in [e]the Book of Jashar:

19 
“Your glory and splendor, O Israel, is slain upon your high places!
How the mighty have fallen!
20 
“Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,
Or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
The daughters of the uncircumcised (pagans) will exult.
21 
[f]O mountains of Gilboa,
Let not dew or rain be upon you, nor fields with offerings;
For there the shield of the mighty was defiled,
The shield of Saul, [dry, cracked] not [g]anointed with oil.
22 
“From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty,
The bow of Jonathan did not turn back,
And the sword of Saul did not return empty.
23 
“Saul and Jonathan, beloved and lovely and friends in their lives,
And in their death they were not separated;
They were swifter than eagles,
They were stronger than lions.
24 
“O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
Who clothed you [h]luxuriously in scarlet,
Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.
25 
“How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle!
Jonathan lies slain upon your high places.
26 
“I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;
You have been a good friend to me.
Your [i]love toward me was more wonderful
Than the love of women.
27 
“How the mighty have fallen,
And the weapons of war have perished!”

Notas al pie

  1. 2 Samuel 1:10 The young Amalekite’s story conflicts with the description of Saul’s suicide as recounted in 1 Sam 31:3-6. He must have, at the very least, witnessed Saul’s death since he was able to obtain the crown and the arm band. He apparently expected that his story about administering the deathblow, whether true or not, would result in some sort of reward or honor.
  2. 2 Samuel 1:10 This band or armlet was not jewelry, but a piece of armor worn around the arm.
  3. 2 Samuel 1:12 In general, sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  4. 2 Samuel 1:16 I.e. your death is your own fault.
  5. 2 Samuel 1:18 An early poetic account of the wars of Israel and the heroic acts of the warriors.
  6. 2 Samuel 1:21 As an expression of his grief David curses the place of Saul’s death.
  7. 2 Samuel 1:21 It was necessary to lubricate leather shields with oil to preserve them.
  8. 2 Samuel 1:24 Lit with jewelry.
  9. 2 Samuel 1:26 Jonathan graciously accepted God’s choice of David as the next ruler of Israel, and supported him, honored him, and wanted the very best for him.

Japanese Living Bible

サムエル記Ⅱ 1

サウルの死を知ったダビデ

11-2 サウルが死んだあと、ダビデはアマレク人を討って、ツィケラグに引き揚げて来ました。その三日後、イスラエル軍から一人の男がやって来ました。男は破れた服をまとい、頭に土をかぶっていて、ひと目で喪に服していることがわかりました。彼はダビデの前に出ると、深い敬意を表して地にひれ伏しました。

「どこから来たのだ」とダビデが聞くと、「イスラエルの陣営から逃れてまいりました」と彼は答えました。

「何かあったのか? 戦いの様子はどうなのだ。」ダビデはせき込んで尋ねました。

「イスラエルは散り散りです。何千という兵士が死に、また負傷して野に倒れています。サウル王も、ヨナタン王子も殺されました。」

「サウル王とヨナタンが死んだと! どうしてわかったのだ。」

「私はギルボア山におりましたが、槍にすがってようやく立っている王様に、敵の戦車が迫るのを見たのです。 王様は私を見るなり、こっちへ来いと叫ばれました。急いでおそばに駆け寄りますと、 『おまえはだれか』とお尋ねになります。『アマレク人でございます』とお答えしますと、 『さあ、私を殺してくれ。この苦しみから救ってくれ。死にきれないのがつらくて耐えられないのだ』とおっしゃるのです。 10 そこで私は、もう時間の問題だと察したので、あの方にとどめを刺しました。そして、あの方の王冠と腕輪の一つを持ってまいりました。」

11 この知らせを聞いて、ダビデと部下たちは悲しみのあまり、めいめいの衣服を引き裂きました。 12 彼らは、死んだサウル王とその子ヨナタン、それに、主の民といのちを落としたイスラエル人のために喪に服し、泣きながら終日断食しました。

13 ダビデは、王の死を告げに来た若者に言いました。「おまえはどこの者だ。」

若者は答えました。「アマレク人で、在留異国人でございます。」

14 「どうして、神に選ばれた王を手にかけたのか」と、ダビデは詰め寄りました。

15 そして部下の若者の一人に、「この男を打て!」と命じたのです。若者は剣を振りかざして走り寄り、そのアマレク人の首を打ち落としました。

16 ダビデは言いました。「自業自得だ。自分の口で、主がお立てになった王を殺したと証言したのだから。」

哀悼の歌

17-18 ダビデは、サウル王とヨナタンにささげる哀歌を作り、これがイスラエル中でのちのちまで歌い継がれるように命じました。英雄詩にその詩が記されています。

19 「ああ、イスラエル。
おまえの誇りと喜びは、しかばねとなって丘に横たわる。
大いなる英雄たちは倒れた。
20 ペリシテ人には告げるな。喜ばせてなるものか。
ガテとアシュケロンの町にも告げるな。
神を知らない者たちを勝ち誇らせてなるものか。
21 ギルボアの山よ、
露も降りるな。雨も降るな。
いけにえのささげられた野にも。
偉大なサウル王が倒れた地だから。
ああ、その盾は油も塗られず打ち捨てられた。
22 最強の敵を打ち殺したサウルとヨナタンは
空手で戦場から引き揚げたことはなかった。
23 ああ、サウルもヨナタンもどれほど愛され、
どれほどすぐれた人物であったことか。
生死を共にした彼ら。
鷲よりも速く、獅子よりも強かった。
24 さあ、イスラエルの女よ、サウル王のために泣け。
王は、おまえたちを惜しげなく着飾らせ、
金の飾りをまとわせてくれた。
25 偉大な英雄たちは、戦いの最中に倒れた。
ヨナタンは山の上で殺された。
26 わが兄弟ヨナタン。
あなたのために、どれほど涙を流したことか。
あなたをどれほど愛していたことか。
あなたの私への愛は、女の愛も及ばなかった。
27 ああ、勇士たちは倒れ、
武具は奪い取られ、彼らは死んだ。」