Amplified Bible

2 Samuel 1

David Learns of Saul’s Death

1Now it happened after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, that he stayed two days in Ziklag. On the third day a man came [unexpectedly] from Saul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head [as in mourning]. When he came to David, he bowed to the ground and lay himself face down [in an act of great respect and submission]. Then David asked him, “Where do you come from?” He said, “I have escaped from the camp of Israel.” David said to him, “How did it go? Please tell me.” He answered, “The people have fled from the battle. Also, many of the people have fallen and are dead; Saul and Jonathan his son are also dead.” So David said to the young man who informed him, “How do you know Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” And the young man who told him explained, “By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and there was Saul leaning on his spear, and the chariots and horsemen [of the Philistines] were close behind him. When he turned to look behind him, he saw me, and called to me. And I answered, ‘Here I am.’ He asked me, ‘Who are you?’ I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’ He said to me, ‘Stand up facing me and kill me, for [terrible] agony has come over me, yet I still live [and I will be taken alive].’ 10 So I stood facing him [a]and killed him, because I knew that he could not live after he had fallen. Then I took the crown which was on his head and the [b]band which was on his arm, and I have brought them here to my lord.”

11 Then David grasped his own clothes and tore them [in mourning]; so did all the men who were with him. 12 They mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and Jonathan his son, and for the Lord’s people and the house of [c]Israel, because they had fallen by the sword [in battle]. 13 David said to the young man who informed him, “Where are you from?” He answered, “I am the son of a foreigner (resident alien, sojourner), an Amalekite.” 14 David said to him, “How is it that you were not afraid to put out your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed?” 15 David called one of the young men and said, “Go, execute him.” So he struck the Amalekite and he died. 16 David said to the [fallen] man, “[d]Your blood is on your own head, for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the Lord’s anointed.’”

David’s Dirge for Saul and Jonathan

17 Then David sang this dirge (funeral song) over Saul and his son Jonathan, 18 and he told them to teach the sons of Judah, the song of the bow. Behold, it is written in [e]the Book of Jashar:

19 
“Your glory and splendor, O Israel, is slain upon your high places!
How the mighty have fallen!
20 
“Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,
Or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
The daughters of the uncircumcised (pagans) will exult.
21 
[f]O mountains of Gilboa,
Let not dew or rain be upon you, nor fields with offerings;
For there the shield of the mighty was defiled,
The shield of Saul, [dry, cracked] not [g]anointed with oil.
22 
“From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty,
The bow of Jonathan did not turn back,
And the sword of Saul did not return empty.
23 
“Saul and Jonathan, beloved and lovely and friends in their lives,
And in their death they were not separated;
They were swifter than eagles,
They were stronger than lions.
24 
“O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
Who clothed you [h]luxuriously in scarlet,
Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.
25 
“How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle!
Jonathan lies slain upon your high places.
26 
“I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;
You have been a good friend to me.
Your [i]love toward me was more wonderful
Than the love of women.
27 
“How the mighty have fallen,
And the weapons of war have perished!”

Notas al pie

  1. 2 Samuel 1:10 The young Amalekite’s story conflicts with the description of Saul’s suicide as recounted in 1 Sam 31:3-6. He must have, at the very least, witnessed Saul’s death since he was able to obtain the crown and the arm band. He apparently expected that his story about administering the deathblow, whether true or not, would result in some sort of reward or honor.
  2. 2 Samuel 1:10 This band or armlet was not jewelry, but a piece of armor worn around the arm.
  3. 2 Samuel 1:12 In general, sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  4. 2 Samuel 1:16 I.e. your death is your own fault.
  5. 2 Samuel 1:18 An early poetic account of the wars of Israel and the heroic acts of the warriors.
  6. 2 Samuel 1:21 As an expression of his grief David curses the place of Saul’s death.
  7. 2 Samuel 1:21 It was necessary to lubricate leather shields with oil to preserve them.
  8. 2 Samuel 1:24 Lit with jewelry.
  9. 2 Samuel 1:26 Jonathan graciously accepted God’s choice of David as the next ruler of Israel, and supported him, honored him, and wanted the very best for him.

Het Boek

2 Samuël 1

David treurt om Saul en Jonathan

11,2 Na de dood van Saul ging David terug naar Ziklag, na de Amalekieten een vernietigende nederlaag te hebben toegebracht. Drie dagen later kwam een soldaat uit het leger van Saul bij David met gescheurde kleren en stof op zijn hoofd als teken van rouw. Hij liet zich voor David op de grond vallen. ‘Waar komt u vandaan?’ vroeg David hem. ‘Uit het legerkamp van Israël. Ik ben ontkomen,’ antwoordde de man. ‘Wat is er gebeurd?’ vroeg David. ‘Vertel mij hoe de strijd is verlopen.’ De man antwoordde: ‘Ons hele leger is op de vlucht geslagen. Vele mannen liggen dood en gewond op het slagveld en ook Saul en zijn zoon Jonathan zijn gesneuveld.’ ‘Hoe weet u dat zij dood zijn?’ vroeg David. ‘Omdat ik toevallig op de berg Gilboa was en zag hoe Saul zich in zijn speer stortte, terwijl de vijandelijke strijdwagens hem insloten. Toen hij mij zag, riep hij dat ik naar hem toe moest komen. “Wie bent u?” vroeg hij. “Een Amalekiet,” antwoordde ik. “Vooruit, verlos mij uit mijn lijden,” smeekte hij, “want ik lijd vreselijke pijn, maar de dood wil niet komen.” 10 Daarom doodde ik hem, want ik wist dat hij toch zou sterven. Daarna pakte ik zijn kroon en een van zijn armbanden om die naar u te brengen.’

11 David en zijn mannen scheurden hun kleren van verdriet toen zij dit hoorden. 12 Zij treurden, huilden en vastten de hele dag om Saul, zijn zoon Jonathan en de mannen van Israël die die dag waren gesneuveld.

13 Toen zei David tegen de jongeman die het nieuws had gebracht: ‘Waar komt u vandaan?’ En hij antwoordde: ‘Ik ben een Amalekiet.’ 14 ‘Waarom hebt u niet geweigerd de koning te doden? Hij was immers een gezalfde van de Here!’ wilde David weten. 15 Direct daarop beval hij een van zijn jonge mannen: ‘Dood hem!’ Deze deed dat. 16 ‘Dat is uw verdiende loon,’ zei David, ‘want u zei zelf dat u de door God gezalfde koning hebt gedood.’

17,18 En David schreef een klaaglied voor Saul en Jonathan, waarna hij opdracht gaf dat het aan alle mensen in Juda moest worden geleerd. De tekst hiervan is opgenomen in het Boek van de Oprechte.
19 ‘Och Israël, uw trots en vreugde liggen levenloos op de heuvels, machtige helden zijn gevallen.
20 Vertel het niet aan de Filistijnen, want het zou hun plezier doen. Verberg het voor de steden Gath en Askelon, zodat de heidense volken geen leedvermaak zullen hebben.
21 O bergen van Gilboa, laat geen regen of dauw meer op u vallen en laat de graanoogst niet meer rijpen op uw hellingen. Want de machtige Saul is op die plaats gedood. Het schild van Gods uitverkoren koning is daar weggeworpen.
22 Vele vijanden verloren hun leven en helden werden geveld: Jonathans boog en Sauls zwaard misten hun doel nooit.
23 Wat waren zij geliefd en bemind, Saul en Jonathan! Samen leefden zij en samen stierven zij. Zij waren sneller dan arenden en sterker dan leeuwen.
24 Huil nu om Saul, vrouwen van Israël. Hij maakte u rijk met prachtige kleren en gouden sieraden.
25 Deze moedige helden sneuvelden in het heetst van de strijd. Jonathan stierf in de heuvels.
26 Ik huil om u, mijn broeder Jonathan. Wat hield ik veel van u! Uw liefde voor mij was niet te vergelijken met de liefde van vrouwen!
27 Helaas, onze helden zijn gevallen. Beroofd van hun wapens verloren zij hun leven.’