Amplified Bible

2 Chronicles 36

Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, then Jehoiachin Rule

1Then the people of the land took Joahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in Jerusalem in place of his father. Joahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned [only] three months in Jerusalem. Then the king of Egypt deposed him at Jerusalem, and imposed a fine on the land of a hundred talents of silver and one talent of gold. The king of Egypt made Eliakim, the brother of Joahaz, king over Judah and Jerusalem, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. But Neco took Joahaz his brother, and brought him to Egypt.

Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem; and he did evil in the sight of the Lord his God. Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against him and bound him with bronze [chains] to take him to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar also brought some of the articles of the house (temple) of the Lord to Babylon and put them in his temple there. Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and the repulsive acts which he committed, and what was found against him, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah. And his son Jehoiachin became king in his place.

Jehoiachin was eight[teen] years old when he became king, and he reigned for three months and ten days in Jerusalem, and he did evil in the sight of the Lord.

Captivity in Babylon Begun

10 Now at the turn of the year [in the spring], King Nebuchadnezzar sent word and had him brought to Babylon with the valuable articles of the house of the Lord, and made his brother Zedekiah king over Judah and Jerusalem.

Zedekiah Rules in Judah

11 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem. 12 He did evil in the sight of the Lord his God; he did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke for the Lord. 13 He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar who had made him swear allegiance by God. He stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the Lord God of Israel. 14 Also, all the officials of the priests and the people were very unfaithful, following all the repulsive acts of the [pagan] nations; and they defiled the house of the Lord which He had sanctified in Jerusalem.

15 The Lord, the God of their fathers, sent word to them again and again by His messengers, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place. 16 But they kept mocking the messengers of God and despising His words and scoffing at His prophets until the wrath of the Lord arose against His people, until there was no remedy or healing. 17 Therefore He brought the king of the Chaldeans against them, who killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; He gave them all into his hand. 18 And as for all the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king and of his officials, he brought them all to Babylon. 19 Then they burned the house of God and tore down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire, and destroyed all its valuable articles. 20 He deported to Babylon those who had escaped from the sword; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the kingdom of Persia was established there, 21 to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had restored its Sabbaths; for as long as the land lay desolate it kept Sabbath until seventy years were complete.

Cyrus Permits Return

22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—in order to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah—the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, 23 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: ‘The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all His people, may the Lord his God be with him, and let him go up [to Jerusalem]!’”

Japanese Living Bible

歴代誌Ⅱ 36

ユダの王エホアハズ

1そののち、ヨシヤの子エホアハズが新しい王に選ばれました。 エホアハズは二十三歳で王となりましたが、在位期間はわずか三か月間でした。 エジプトの王は彼を王位から退け、ユダに銀百タラント(三千四百キログラム)と金一タラントの年貢を課しました。 それからエジプトの王は、エホアハズの兄弟エルヤキムをエホヤキムと改名させ、ユダの新しい王にしました。一方、退けられたエホアハズは、捕虜としてエジプトへ連れて行かれました。

ユダの王エホヤキム

エホヤキムは二十五歳で王となり、十一年間エルサレムで治めましたが、主の目に悪を行いました。 ついに、エルサレムはバビロンの王ネブカデネザルに占領され、エホヤキムは鎖につながれてバビロンに引いて行かれました。 ネブカデネザルはまた、神殿から金の鉢やその他の器具を持ち出し、バビロンにある彼の神殿に移しました。 エホヤキム王のその他の業績、主の前に行った悪のすべては、『ユダ諸王の年代記』に記されています。そして、彼の子エホヤキンが新しく王となりました。

ユダの王エホヤキン

エホヤキンは十八歳で王となりましたが、在位期間はわずか三か月と十日でした。しかもその政治は、主の目には悪そのものでした。 10 翌年の春、彼はネブカデネザルから呼び出され、神殿の多くの宝物とともにバビロンへ連れて行かれました。ネブカデネザルは、エホヤキンの兄弟ゼデキヤを、ユダとエルサレムの新しい王に任命しました。

ユダの王ゼデキヤとバビロン捕囚

11 ゼデキヤは二十一歳で王となり、十一年間エルサレムで治めました。 12 彼もまた、主の目に悪を行いました。主のことばを語る預言者エレミヤの勧めを聞こうとしなかったからです。 13 ゼデキヤはネブカデネザルに忠誠を誓いながら、一方では反逆を企てました。非常に強情で、イスラエルの神、主に従おうとしませんでした。 14 大祭司をはじめ国の指導者もみな、周辺の国々の異教の偶像を礼拝し、エルサレムにある神殿を汚して、平気な顔をしていました。 15 彼らの父祖の神、主は、再三再四、預言者を遣わして、警告を与えました。ご自分の民と神殿を深く思いやったからです。 16 しかし、人々は神から遣わされた使者をばかにし、警告を無視し、預言者たちをさんざん侮辱しました。もはやこれ以上、主の怒りをとどめることができない、回復できない状態に陥りました。

17 そこで主は、バビロンの王を彼らのもとに攻め上らせたので、彼は若い男たちを神殿に押し込めて切り殺し、若い女や老人までも、容赦なく殺しました。主はバビロンの王を用いて、彼らを完全に滅ぼそうとしたのです。 18 彼らは神殿で使われていた大小の器具を、神殿と宮殿から持ち出した宝物とともにバビロンに持ち帰りました。また、すべての王子たちも連れ去りました。 19 それから、バビロン軍は神殿に火を放ち、城壁を片っぱしから取り壊し、王宮を焼き払い、神殿で使われていためぼしい器具を残らず破壊しました。 20 生き残った者はバビロンへ捕らえ移され、ペルシヤ王国がバビロンを征服する時まで、バビロンの王と王子たちに仕える奴隷となりました。 21 こうして、エレミヤの語った主のことばは現実となりました。この地は、民が安息(安息年。七年に一度休耕し、土地を休ませる)を守らなかった年月を埋め合わせるため、七十年間の休息を必要としたのです。

22-23 ペルシヤの王クロスの第一年(前五三八年)に、主はクロス王の心を動かして、帝国中に次のような勅令を出させました。「地のすべての王国を私に賜わった天の神、主は、ユダの地にあるエルサレムにご自分の神殿を建てよと、私にお命じになった。主の民である者はみな、神殿建設のためにイスラエルへ帰るがよい。主が共におられるように。」

これもまた、預言者エレミヤの語った預言の成就でした。