Amplified Bible

1 Samuel 1

Elkanah and His Wives

1There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of the [a]hill country of Ephraim, named Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an [b]Ephraimite. He had two wives, one named Hannah and the other named Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

This man went up from his city [c]each year to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh. Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests to the Lord there. When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions [of the sacrificial meat] to Peninnah his wife and all her sons and daughters. But to Hannah he would give a double portion, because he loved Hannah, but the Lord had [d]given her no children. Hannah’s rival provoked her bitterly, to irritate and embarrass her, because the Lord had [e]left her childless. So it happened year after year, whenever she went up to the house of the Lord, Peninnah provoked her; so she wept and would not eat. Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you cry and why do you not eat? Why are you so sad and discontent? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”

So Hannah got up after eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his seat beside the doorpost of the temple (tabernacle) of the Lord. 10 Hannah was [f]greatly distressed, and she prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. 11 She made a vow, saying, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction (suffering) of Your maidservant and remember, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life; a [g]razor shall never touch his head.”

12 Now it happened as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli was watching her mouth. 13 Hannah was speaking in her heart (mind); only her lips were moving, and her voice was not heard, so Eli [h]thought she was drunk. 14 Eli said to her, “How long will you make yourself drunk? Get rid of your wine.” 15 But Hannah answered, “No, my lord, I am a woman with a despairing spirit. I have not been drinking wine or any intoxicating drink, but I have poured out my soul before the Lord. 16 Do not regard your maidservant as a wicked and worthless woman, for I have spoken until now out of my great concern and [bitter] provocation.” 17 Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked of Him.” 18 Hannah said, “Let your maidservant find grace and favor in your sight.” So the woman went on her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.

Samuel Is Born to Hannah

19 The family got up early the next morning, worshiped before the Lord, and returned to their home in Ramah. Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her [prayer]. 20 It came about in due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; she named him [i]Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked for him from the Lord.”

21 Then the man Elkanah and all his household went up to offer to the Lord the [j]yearly sacrifice and pay his vow. 22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “I will not go up until the child is [k]weaned; and then I will bring him, so that he may appear before the Lord and remain there as long as he lives.” 23 Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you. Wait until you have weaned him; only may the Lord establish and confirm His word.” So the woman remained [behind] and nursed her son until she weaned him. 24 Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a [l]leather bottle of wine [to pour over the burnt offering for a sweet fragrance], and she brought Samuel to the Lord’s house in Shiloh, although the child was young. 25 Then they slaughtered the bull, and brought the child to Eli. 26 Hannah said, “Oh, my lord! As [surely as] your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood beside you here, praying to the Lord. 27 For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my request which I asked of Him. 28 Therefore I have also dedicated him to the Lord; as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.” And they worshiped the Lord there.

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Samuel 1:1 Lit mountains of.
  2. 1 Samuel 1:1 It is sometimes claimed that Samuel was from the tribe of Ephraim (rather than the tribe of Levi) and so was not eligible to serve as a priest. He was an Ephraimite only in the sense that his family lived in the tribal area of Ephraim. His genealogy is given in 1 Chr 6:22-28. At least two other men in the passage are named Elkanah. Samuel’s father, Elkanah, is the man mentioned in 1 Chr 6:27. The men mentioned in 1 Chr 6:23, 24, and 26 are several generations removed from Samuel.
  3. 1 Samuel 1:3 Lit from days to days.
  4. 1 Samuel 1:5 Lit closed her womb.
  5. 1 Samuel 1:6 Lit closed her womb.
  6. 1 Samuel 1:10 Lit bitter of soul.
  7. 1 Samuel 1:11 Lit shearing knife. This was a requirement of a Nazirite vow which would apply to Samuel all of his life (see Num 6:2 ff).
  8. 1 Samuel 1:13 This implies that the custom at that time was to pray aloud; the outcome (vv 19, 20) shows that God hears prayer, whether it is spoken or silent.
  9. 1 Samuel 1:20 The name possibly means “The Name [i.e. Yahweh, Lord] is God” or “His name is God,” but the etymology is uncertain.
  10. 1 Samuel 1:21 Lit sacrifice of days.
  11. 1 Samuel 1:22 At this time children were nursed until about age three. But it may be fair to say that Hannah also wanted to keep the boy as long as she reasonably could; giving up her only child—even for the best of purposes—must have been terribly difficult.
  12. 1 Samuel 1:24 These containers were made from almost the entire skin of an animal and were used for holding wine.

Nova Versão Internacional

1 Samuel 1

O Nascimento de Samuel

1Havia certo homem de Ramataim, zufita[a], dos montes de Efraim, chamado Elcana, filho de Jeroão, neto de Eliú e bisneto de Toú, filho do efraimita Zufe. Ele tinha duas mulheres: uma se chamava Ana, e a outra Penina. Penina tinha filhos, Ana, porém, não tinha.

Todos os anos esse homem subia de sua cidade a Siló para adorar e sacrificar ao Senhor dos Exércitos. Lá, Hofni e Finéias, os dois filhos de Eli, eram sacerdotes do Senhor. No dia em que Elcana oferecia sacrifícios, dava porções à sua mulher Penina e a todos os filhos e filhas dela. Mas a Ana dava uma porção dupla, porque a amava, apesar de que o Senhor a tinha deixado estéril. E porque o Senhor a tinha deixado estéril, sua rival a provocava continuamente, a fim de irritá-la. Isso acontecia ano após ano. Sempre que Ana subia à casa do Senhor, sua rival a provocava e ela chorava e não comia. Elcana, seu marido, lhe perguntava: “Ana, por que você está chorando? Por que não come? Por que está triste? Será que eu não sou melhor para você do que dez filhos?”

Certa vez quando terminou de comer e beber em Siló, estando o sacerdote Eli sentado numa cadeira junto à entrada do santuário do Senhor, Ana se levantou 10 e, com a alma amargurada, chorou muito e orou ao Senhor. 11 E fez um voto, dizendo: “Ó Senhor dos Exércitos, se tu deres atenção à humilhação de tua serva, te lembrares de mim e não te esqueceres de tua serva, mas lhe deres um filho, então eu o dedicarei ao Senhor por todos os dias de sua vida, e o seu cabelo e a sua barba nunca serão cortados”.

12 Enquanto ela continuava a orar diante do Senhor, Eli observava sua boca. 13 Como Ana orava silenciosamente, seus lábios se mexiam mas não se ouvia sua voz. Então Eli pensou que ela estivesse embriagada 14 e lhe disse: “Até quando você continuará embriagada? Abandone o vinho!”

15 Ana respondeu: “Não se trata disso, meu senhor. Sou uma mulher muito angustiada. Não bebi vinho nem bebida fermentada; eu estava derramando minha alma diante do Senhor. 16 Não julgues tua serva uma mulher vadia; estou orando aqui até agora por causa de minha grande angústia e tristeza”.

17 Eli respondeu: “Vá em paz, e que o Deus de Israel lhe conceda o que você pediu”.

18 Ela disse: “Espero que sejas benevolente para com tua serva!” Então ela seguiu seu caminho, comeu, e seu rosto já não estava mais abatido.

19 Na manhã seguinte, eles se levantaram e adoraram o Senhor; então voltaram para casa, em Ramá. Elcana teve relações com sua mulher Ana, e o Senhor se lembrou dela. 20 Assim Ana engravidou e, no devido tempo, deu à luz um filho. E deu-lhe o nome de Samuel[b], dizendo: “Eu o pedi ao Senhor”.

Ana Consagra Samuel

21 Quando no ano seguinte Elcana subiu com toda a família para oferecer o sacrifício anual ao Senhor e para cumprir o seu voto, 22 Ana não foi e disse a seu marido: “Depois que o menino for desmamado, eu o levarei e o apresentarei ao Senhor, e ele morará ali para sempre”.

23 Disse Elcana, seu marido: “Faça o que lhe parecer melhor. Fique aqui até desmamá-lo; que o Senhor apenas confirme a palavra[c] dele!” Então ela ficou em casa e criou seu filho até que o desmamou.

24 Depois de desmamá-lo, levou o menino, ainda pequeno, à casa do Senhor, em Siló, com um novilho de três anos de idade,[d] uma arroba[e] de farinha e uma vasilha de couro cheia de vinho. 25 Eles sacrificaram o novilho e levaram o menino a Eli, 26 e ela lhe disse: “Meu senhor, juro por tua vida que eu sou a mulher que esteve aqui a teu lado, orando ao Senhor. 27 Era este menino que eu pedia, e o Senhor concedeu-me o pedido. 28 Por isso, agora, eu o dedico ao Senhor. Por toda a sua vida será dedicado ao Senhor”. E ali adorou o Senhor.

Notas al pie

  1. 1.1 Ou de Ramataim-Zofim
  2. 1.20 Samuel assemelha-se à palavra hebraica para ouvido por Deus.
  3. 1.23 Os manuscritos do mar Morto, a Septuaginta e a Versão Siríaca dizem a palavra que você disse.
  4. 1.24 Conforme os manuscritos do mar Morto, a Septuaginta e a Versão Siríaca. O Texto Massorético diz com três novilhos.
  5. 1.24 Hebraico: 1 efa. O efa era uma medida de capacidade para secos. As estimativas variam entre 20 e 40 litros.