Amplified Bible

1 Samuel 1

Elkanah and His Wives

1There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of the [a]hill country of Ephraim, named Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an [b]Ephraimite. He had two wives, one named Hannah and the other named Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

This man went up from his city [c]each year to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh. Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests to the Lord there. When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions [of the sacrificial meat] to Peninnah his wife and all her sons and daughters. But to Hannah he would give a double portion, because he loved Hannah, but the Lord had [d]given her no children. Hannah’s rival provoked her bitterly, to irritate and embarrass her, because the Lord had [e]left her childless. So it happened year after year, whenever she went up to the house of the Lord, Peninnah provoked her; so she wept and would not eat. Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you cry and why do you not eat? Why are you so sad and discontent? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”

So Hannah got up after eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his seat beside the doorpost of the temple (tabernacle) of the Lord. 10 Hannah was [f]greatly distressed, and she prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. 11 She made a vow, saying, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction (suffering) of Your maidservant and remember, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life; a [g]razor shall never touch his head.”

12 Now it happened as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli was watching her mouth. 13 Hannah was speaking in her heart (mind); only her lips were moving, and her voice was not heard, so Eli [h]thought she was drunk. 14 Eli said to her, “How long will you make yourself drunk? Get rid of your wine.” 15 But Hannah answered, “No, my lord, I am a woman with a despairing spirit. I have not been drinking wine or any intoxicating drink, but I have poured out my soul before the Lord. 16 Do not regard your maidservant as a wicked and worthless woman, for I have spoken until now out of my great concern and [bitter] provocation.” 17 Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked of Him.” 18 Hannah said, “Let your maidservant find grace and favor in your sight.” So the woman went on her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.

Samuel Is Born to Hannah

19 The family got up early the next morning, worshiped before the Lord, and returned to their home in Ramah. Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her [prayer]. 20 It came about in due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; she named him [i]Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked for him from the Lord.”

21 Then the man Elkanah and all his household went up to offer to the Lord the [j]yearly sacrifice and pay his vow. 22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “I will not go up until the child is [k]weaned; and then I will bring him, so that he may appear before the Lord and remain there as long as he lives.” 23 Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you. Wait until you have weaned him; only may the Lord establish and confirm His word.” So the woman remained [behind] and nursed her son until she weaned him. 24 Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a [l]leather bottle of wine [to pour over the burnt offering for a sweet fragrance], and she brought Samuel to the Lord’s house in Shiloh, although the child was young. 25 Then they slaughtered the bull, and brought the child to Eli. 26 Hannah said, “Oh, my lord! As [surely as] your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood beside you here, praying to the Lord. 27 For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my request which I asked of Him. 28 Therefore I have also dedicated him to the Lord; as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.” And they worshiped the Lord there.

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Samuel 1:1 Lit mountains of.
  2. 1 Samuel 1:1 It is sometimes claimed that Samuel was from the tribe of Ephraim (rather than the tribe of Levi) and so was not eligible to serve as a priest. He was an Ephraimite only in the sense that his family lived in the tribal area of Ephraim. His genealogy is given in 1 Chr 6:22-28. At least two other men in the passage are named Elkanah. Samuel’s father, Elkanah, is the man mentioned in 1 Chr 6:27. The men mentioned in 1 Chr 6:23, 24, and 26 are several generations removed from Samuel.
  3. 1 Samuel 1:3 Lit from days to days.
  4. 1 Samuel 1:5 Lit closed her womb.
  5. 1 Samuel 1:6 Lit closed her womb.
  6. 1 Samuel 1:10 Lit bitter of soul.
  7. 1 Samuel 1:11 Lit shearing knife. This was a requirement of a Nazirite vow which would apply to Samuel all of his life (see Num 6:2 ff).
  8. 1 Samuel 1:13 This implies that the custom at that time was to pray aloud; the outcome (vv 19, 20) shows that God hears prayer, whether it is spoken or silent.
  9. 1 Samuel 1:20 The name possibly means “The Name [i.e. Yahweh, Lord] is God” or “His name is God,” but the etymology is uncertain.
  10. 1 Samuel 1:21 Lit sacrifice of days.
  11. 1 Samuel 1:22 At this time children were nursed until about age three. But it may be fair to say that Hannah also wanted to keep the boy as long as she reasonably could; giving up her only child—even for the best of purposes—must have been terribly difficult.
  12. 1 Samuel 1:24 These containers were made from almost the entire skin of an animal and were used for holding wine.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

撒母耳記上 1


1有一個以法蓮人名叫以利加拿,住在以法蓮山區的拉瑪·瑣非城。他是蘇弗的玄孫、托戶的曾孫、以利戶的孫子、耶羅罕的兒子。 他有兩個妻子,一個叫哈娜,一個叫毗尼娜。毗尼娜有兒有女,哈娜卻無兒無女。

以利加拿每年都從家鄉到示羅去敬拜萬軍之耶和華,獻上祭物。當時以利的兩個兒子何弗尼和非尼哈在那裡做耶和華的祭司。 每當獻完祭後,以利加拿就會把祭肉分給毗尼娜和她的兒女。 但他會給哈娜雙份祭肉,因為他愛哈娜,雖然耶和華使她不能生育。 毗尼娜見她不能生育,便常常羞辱她、氣她。 每年來到耶和華的殿時,毗尼娜總是惹她傷心哭泣,以致她吃不下飯。 她的丈夫以利加拿對她說:「哈娜,你為什麼哭?為什麼不吃飯?為什麼心裡難過?有我不是比有十個兒子更好嗎?」

一天,他們在示羅吃完飯後,哈娜起來禱告。當時,祭司以利正坐在耶和華殿門口的座位上。 10 哈娜心中愁苦,一邊禱告一邊傷心地哭泣。 11 她向上帝許願說:「萬軍之耶和華啊,如果你眷顧婢女的痛苦,不忘記婢女,賜給婢女一個兒子,我必讓他終生事奉你,永不剃他的頭[a]。」 12 哈娜在耶和華面前禱告,以利注視著她的嘴唇。 13 哈娜在心中默禱,只動嘴唇,不出聲音,以利以為她喝醉了, 14 便對她說:「你要醉到什麼時候呢?醒醒酒吧!」 15 哈娜答道:「我主啊,我沒有喝醉,我淡酒和烈酒都沒有喝。我是心裡非常愁苦,在耶和華面前傾訴心事。 16 請不要以為我是墮落的女人,我心中非常悲傷痛苦,所以一直在禱告。」 17 以利說:「你安心地回去吧,願以色列的上帝答應你的祈求。」 18 哈娜說:「謝謝你恩待婢女。」於是,她就去吃飯,不再愁容滿面了。

19 第二天,以利加拿一家清早起來敬拜耶和華,然後回到自己的家鄉拉瑪。以利加拿與哈娜同房,耶和華顧念哈娜, 20 使她懷孕。她後來生了一個兒子,給孩子取名叫撒母耳,因為她說:「他是我向耶和華求來的。」

21 第二年,以利加拿帶全家人前往示羅,向耶和華獻年祭並還所許的願。 22 哈娜沒有跟他們同去,她告訴丈夫說:「孩子斷奶以後,我會把他帶去獻給耶和華,讓他永遠住在那裡。」 23 以利加拿說:「就依你的意思吧。願耶和華成就祂的應許。」於是,她就留在家中哺養孩子,直到孩子斷奶。 24 孩子斷奶以後,她就把他帶到示羅耶和華的殿,並帶去三頭公牛、十公斤麵粉和一袋酒。 25 他們宰了一頭公牛後,就把孩子帶到以利面前。 26 哈娜說:「我主啊,我敢在你面前起誓,我就是那一次站在你這裡向耶和華祈求的婦人。 27 我求耶和華賜給我一個孩子,祂應允了我的祈求。 28 現在,我將他獻給耶和華,讓他終身事奉耶和華。」


Notas al pie

  1. 1·11 參見民數記6章。