Amplified Bible

1 Kings 1

David in Old Age

1Now King David was [a]old, advanced in years; they covered him with clothes, but he could not get warm. So his servants said to him, “Let a young virgin be found for my lord the king and let her attend him and become his nurse; let her lie against your chest, so that my lord the king may feel warm.” So they searched for a beautiful girl throughout the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the [b]Shunammite, and brought her to the king. The girl was very beautiful; and she became the king’s nurse and served him, but the king [c]was not intimate with her.

Then Adonijah the son of [David’s wife] Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I [the eldest living son] will be king.” So [following Absalom’s example] he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. His father [David] had [d]never rebuked him at any time by asking, “Why have you done this?” Adonijah was also a very handsome man, and he was born after Absalom. He had conferred with [e]Joab the son of Zeruiah [David’s half sister] and with Abiathar the priest; and they followed Adonijah and helped him. But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David’s [f]most formidable warriors did not side with Adonijah [in his desire to become king].

Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fattened steers by the Stone of Zoheleth, which is beside [the well] En-rogel; and he invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants [to this feast]. 10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the most formidable warriors, or his brother Solomon.

Nathan and Bathsheba

11 Then Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, “Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king, and David our lord does not know about it? 12 Come now, please let me advise you and save your life and the life of your son Solomon. 13 Go at once to King David and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord, O king, swear to your maidservant, saying, “Solomon your son shall certainly be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’ 14 Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words.”

15 So Bathsheba went to the king in his bedroom. Now the king was very old and weak, and Abishag the Shunammite was attending the king. 16 So Bathsheba bowed down and paid respect to the king. And the king said, “[g]What do you wish?” 17 She said to him, “My lord, you swore by the Lord your God to your maidservant, saying, ‘Solomon your son shall certainly be king after me and he shall sit on my throne.’ 18 But now, behold, Adonijah is [acting as] king; and now [as things stand], my lord the king, you do not know it. 19 He has sacrificed oxen and fattened steers and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons and Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army [to a feast], but he did not invite your servant Solomon. 20 Now as for you, my lord the king, the eyes of all [h]Israel are on you [waiting for you] to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21 Otherwise it will come about when my lord the king lies down [in death] with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be considered [i]political enemies.”

22 While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet came in. 23 The king was told, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came before the king, he bowed before the king with his face to the ground. 24 Then Nathan said, “My lord the king, have you said, ‘Adonijah shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne’? 25 Because he has gone down today [to En-Rogel] and has sacrificed oxen and fattened steers and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons, the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest [to this feast]; and [right now] they are eating and drinking in his presence; and they say, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 26 But he has not invited me, your servant, nor Zadok the priest, nor Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, nor your servant Solomon. 27 If this thing has been done by my lord the king, why have you not shown your servants who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”

28 King David answered, “Call Bathsheba to me.” And she came into the king’s presence and stood before him. 29 Then the king swore an oath and said, “As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my soul from all distress, 30 even as I swore to you by the Lord, the God of Israel, saying, ‘Solomon your son shall certainly be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place’; I will indeed do so this very day.” 31 Bathsheba bowed down with her face to the ground, and laid herself face down before the king and said, “May my lord King David live forever!”

32 Then King David said, “Call Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada to me.” And they came before the king. 33 The king told them, “Take the [j]servants of your lord with you and have Solomon my son [k]ride on my own mule, and bring him down to [the spring at] [l]Gihon [in the Kidron Valley]. 34 Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there as king over Israel. Then blow the trumpet and say, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 35 Then you shall come up [to Jerusalem] after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne and he shall reign as king in my place; for I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Judah.” 36 Benaiah [the overseer of the king’s bodyguards], the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, “Amen! (So be it!) May the Lord, the God of my lord the king, say so too. 37 [m]Just as the Lord has been with my lord the king, so may He be with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David!”

Solomon Anointed King

38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites [the king’s bodyguards] went down [from Jerusalem] and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule, and brought him to [the spring at] Gihon. 39 Zadok the priest took a horn of [olive] oil from the [sacred] tent and anointed Solomon. They blew the trumpet, and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!” 40 All the people went up after him, and they were playing on flutes and rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth shook and seemed to burst open with their [joyful] sound.

41 Now Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they finished eating. When Joab heard the trumpet sound, he said, “[n]Why is the city in such an uproar?” 42 While he was still speaking, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest arrived. And Adonijah said, “Come in, for you are a valiant and trustworthy man and you bring good news.” 43 But Jonathan replied to Adonijah, “No, on the contrary, our lord King David has made Solomon king! 44 The king has sent him with Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites; and they have had him ride on the king’s [own royal] mule. 45 Also, Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon, and they have come up from there celebrating, so the city is in an uproar. This is the noise which you have heard. 46 Besides, Solomon has taken his seat on the throne of the kingdom. 47 Moreover, the king’s servants came to bless (congratulate) our lord King David, saying, ‘May [o]your God make the name of Solomon better (more famous) than your name and make his throne greater than your throne.’ And the king bowed himself [before God] upon the bed. 48 The king has also said this: ‘Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who has granted one [of my descendants] to sit on my throne today and allowed my eyes to see it.’”

49 Then all Adonijah’s guests were terrified [of being branded as traitors] and stood up and left the feast, and each one went on his way. 50 And Adonijah feared Solomon, and he got up and went [to the tabernacle on Mt. Zion] and took hold of the horns of the altar [seeking asylum]. 51 Now Solomon was told, “Behold, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, and behold, he has grasped the horns of the altar [seeking God’s protection], saying, ‘King Solomon must swear to me today that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’” 52 Solomon said, “If he [proves he] is a worthy man, not even one of his hairs shall fall to the ground; but if wickedness is found in him, he shall die.” 53 So King Solomon sent [soldiers], and they brought Adonijah down from the altar [that was in front of the tabernacle]. And he came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house.”

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Kings 1:1 I.e. about seventy years old.
  2. 1 Kings 1:3 The town of Shunam was located within the territory of Issachar.
  3. 1 Kings 1:4 Lit did not know her.
  4. 1 Kings 1:6 David’s failure to discipline his sons always resulted in tragedy.
  5. 1 Kings 1:7 The commander of Israel’s army.
  6. 1 Kings 1:8 Lit mighty men and so throughout the chapter.
  7. 1 Kings 1:16 Lit What to you.
  8. 1 Kings 1:20 In general, sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  9. 1 Kings 1:21 Lit sinners.
  10. 1 Kings 1:33 This group would have included David’s personal bodyguards.
  11. 1 Kings 1:33 Placing Solomon on his royal mule announced to the people that David had chosen Solomon as his successor.
  12. 1 Kings 1:33 This was near En-rogel, the site of Adonijah’s celebration.
  13. 1 Kings 1:37 This was a declaration of support for David and his choice of Solomon.
  14. 1 Kings 1:41 Gihon was nearby, but because of the topography it was not visible.
  15. 1 Kings 1:47 See note v 37.

O Livro

1 Reis 1

Adonias pretende ser rei

1Sendo o rei David já muito idoso, tinha enorme dificuldade em se aquecer. Mas, por mais mantas com que o cobrissem, tinha sempre frio. “O remédio para isso”, disseram-lhe os criados, “é procurar-se uma rapariga virgem que cuide do rei e se reclina nos seus braços, mantendo-o assim quente.” 3/4 Então buscaram em todo o país uma rapariga que fosse formosa; seleccionaram Abisague, sunamita. Trouxeram-na para junto do rei; ela cuidava dele, mas não tiveram relações sexuais.

5/8 Por essa altura, o príncipe Adonias, cuja mãe era Hagite, decidiu por si próprio ocupar o trono, em lugar do seu pai. Reuniu carros, cavaleiros, e recrutou cinquenta homens a pé. Ele era uma pessoa que o pai nunca tinha sabido disciplinar; nunca fora contrariado nem repreendido. Era um indivíduo extremamente bem parecido. Absalão fora seu irmão mais velho. Procurou, igualmente, ganhar a confiança do general Joabe e de Abiatar, o sacerdote, os quais concordaram em colaborar nos seus intentos. Mas houve alguns que permaneceram fiéis ao rei David e que recusaram apoiar Adonias, como foi o caso dos sacerdotes Zadoque e Benaia, o profeta Natã, e ainda Simei, Reé e outras altas patentes do exército do monarca.

9/10 Adonias foi até En-Rogel e lá sacrificou ovelhas, vacas e bodes cevados, junto à pedra de Zolete. Então convidou todos os irmãos — os outros filhos do rei David — assim como figuras de relevo de Judá, pertencentes à casa real, pedindo-lhes que assistissem à sua coroação. Não convidou contudo nem o profeta Natã, nem Benaia, nem os chefes do exército que tinham permanecido leais, nem o seu irmão Salomão.

11/13 Natã, o profeta, foi ter com Bate-Seba, mãe de Salomão, e perguntou-lhe: “Estás a dar-te conta do que anda a suceder? Adonias, o filho de Hagite, vai tornar-se rei sem que David, o nosso senhor, saiba sequer! Se queres conservar a tua vida e a do teu filho Salomão, faz exactamente o que te vou dizer: Vai já ter com David e põe-lhe esta questão, ‘Meu senhor, não me prometeste tu que o meu filho Salomão te sucederia no trono? Por que razão está então Adonias a reinar?’

14 Enquanto estiveres a falar, chegarei eu e confirmarei o que tiveres dito.”

15/16 Bate-Seba assim fez e entrou nos aposentos do rei. Este estava mesmo muito velho e Abisague tratava dele. Bate-Seba inclinou-se perante ele. “Que pretendes?”, perguntou-lhe o soberano.

17/21 “Meu senhor, tu prometeste-me, na presença do Senhor teu Deus, que o meu filho Salomão seria rei a seguir a ti, e que se sentaria no trono. No entanto, é Adonias que está a ser o rei, e nem sequer estás informado disso. Até já celebrou a sua coroação, sacrificando vacas, bodes engordados e muitas ovelhas; convidou também todos os seus irmãos, mais o sacerdote Abiatar e o general Joabe, com a excepção contudo de Salomão. Agora, todo Israel está à espera da tua decisão, quanto a saber se Adonias é mesmo aquele que escolheste para te suceder. Se não fizeres qualquer coisa, o meu filho Salomão e eu própria seremos presos e executados como qualquer criminoso, logo que venhas a falecer.”

22/23 Enquanto ela falava, os criados do rei vieram dizer-lhe: “Está ali o profeta Natã que te quer falar”.

Natã entrou e fez uma profunda vénia na frente do soberano, perguntando-lhe: 24/27 “Meu senhor, designaste Adonias para ser rei em teu lugar? É ele o príncipe que designaste para se sentar no teu trono? Hoje mesmo celebrou ele a sua coroação, sacrificando vacas, bodes gordos e um sem número de ovelhas, convidando para além disso o general Joabe e o sacerdote Abiatar a assistir a essas celebrações. Lá estão eles a festejar, a beber e a gritar — ‘Viva o rei Adonias!’ É bom saberes contudo que nem Zadoque o sacerdote, nem Benaia, nem Salomão, nem eu próprio fomos convidados. Terá isto sido feito com o teu conhecimento? Tu ainda não disseste uma palavra quanto a qual dos teus filhos escolheste para te suceder no trono.”

Salomão é proclamado rei

28/30 “Tornem a chamar Bate-Seba”, disse David. Ela tornou a entrar nos aposentos e ali ficou na frente do monarca. Este prometeu-lhe: “Tão certo como é estar vivo o Senhor que me salvou de todos os perigos, assim eu decreto que o teu filho Salomão será o rei que me sucederá no trono, tal como o tinha garantido antes, na presença do Senhor Deus de Israel.”

31 Bate-Seba tornou a curvar-se perante ele e exclamou: “Estou-te muito grata, senhor. Que o rei, meu senhor, viva para sempre!”

32/35 “Agora chamem o sacerdote Zadoque”, ordenou o rei, “mais Benaia. Que o profeta Natã torne a vir cá igualmente.” Quando eles chegaram, disse-lhes: “Levem Salomão mais a minha guarda real a Giom. Salomão deverá ir montado no meu cavalo pessoal. Ali, Zadoque o sacerdote e Natã o profeta deverão ungi-lo rei sobre Israel. Tocarão a trombeta e gritarão — ‘Viva o rei Salomão!’ Quando regressarem com ele aqui, deverá sentar-se no meu trono, como novo rei; porque foi ele quem eu ungi rei de Israel e de Judá.”

36/37 “Que assim seja! Louvado seja Deus!”, respondeu Benaia; e acrescentou: “Que o Senhor seja com Salomão, como foi contigo, e que o seu reinado seja ainda maior que o teu!”

38/39 O sacerdote Zadoque, o profeta Natã, Benaia e o contingente da guarda pessoal do rei levaram então Salomão a Giom, montado no cavalo do soberano. Ali, Zadoque pegou num recipiente contendo o óleo sagrado do tabernáculo e derramou-o sobre Salomão. As trombetas tocaram e todo o povo gritou: “Viva o rei Salomão!”

40/41 Seguidamente regressaram todos a Jerusalém, desfilando no meio de muita alegria e de muita música, tendo isso durado o dia inteiro. Adonias e os seus hóspedes começaram a ouvir toda aquela euforia e aquele baraulho, na altura em que finalizavam o banquete. “Que é que se está a passar?”, perguntou Joabe. “Que alvoroço todo é este?”

42 Estava ele ainda a pronunciar estas palavras quando aparece, de rompante, Jónatas, o filho do sacerdote Abiatar. “Podes entrar”, disse-lhe Adonias, “porque és um homem bom. Deves ter boas notícias a dar.”

43 “O rei David constituíu Salomão sobre o trono!”, exclamou Jónatas. 44/45 “O monarca enviou-o a Giom na companhia de Zadoque, o sacerdote, do profeta Natã e de Benaia, protegido pela guarda real. Ia montado no próprio cavalo do rei. Zadoque e Natã ungiram-no como novo rei! Neste momento já regressaram, e toda a cidade está em festa, celebrando o acontecimento. Por isso é que se ouve este barulho. 46/47 Salomão está já sentado no trono e o povo felicita o rei David dizendo: ’Que Deus te abençoe ainda mais através de Salomão do que te abençoou pessoalmente! Que o Senhor torne o reinado de Salomão ainda maior do que o teu!’ O rei está deitado, nos seus aposentos, e aí recebe as felicitações das pessoas, dizendo também: 48 ’Bendito seja o Senhor Deus de Israel, que escolheu um dos meus filhos para se sentar sobre o meu trono, mantendo-me em vida ainda para ver isso’.”

49/52 Então Adonias e os seus hóspedes deixaram logo o banquete e fugiram com medo — receavam pela segurança das suas vida. Adonias correu para o tabernáculo e pegou nas pontas do altar sagrado. Quando chegou aos ouvidos de Salomão que Adonias estava no tabernáculo pedindo clemência, respondeu: “Se se conduzir rectamente, não tem nada a temer; caso contrário morrerá.”

53 O rei Salomão mandou-o vir à sua presença, e fizeram-no descer do altar. Ele veio e prostou-se perante o soberano, que apenas lhe disse: “Vai para casa.”