Amplified Bible

1 Kings 1

David in Old Age

1Now King David was [a]old, advanced in years; they covered him with clothes, but he could not get warm. So his servants said to him, “Let a young virgin be found for my lord the king and let her attend him and become his nurse; let her lie against your chest, so that my lord the king may feel warm.” So they searched for a beautiful girl throughout the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the [b]Shunammite, and brought her to the king. The girl was very beautiful; and she became the king’s nurse and served him, but the king [c]was not intimate with her.

Then Adonijah the son of [David’s wife] Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I [the eldest living son] will be king.” So [following Absalom’s example] he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. His father [David] had [d]never rebuked him at any time by asking, “Why have you done this?” Adonijah was also a very handsome man, and he was born after Absalom. He had conferred with [e]Joab the son of Zeruiah [David’s half sister] and with Abiathar the priest; and they followed Adonijah and helped him. But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David’s [f]most formidable warriors did not side with Adonijah [in his desire to become king].

Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fattened steers by the Stone of Zoheleth, which is beside [the well] En-rogel; and he invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants [to this feast]. 10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the most formidable warriors, or his brother Solomon.

Nathan and Bathsheba

11 Then Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, “Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king, and David our lord does not know about it? 12 Come now, please let me advise you and save your life and the life of your son Solomon. 13 Go at once to King David and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord, O king, swear to your maidservant, saying, “Solomon your son shall certainly be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’ 14 Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words.”

15 So Bathsheba went to the king in his bedroom. Now the king was very old and weak, and Abishag the Shunammite was attending the king. 16 So Bathsheba bowed down and paid respect to the king. And the king said, “[g]What do you wish?” 17 She said to him, “My lord, you swore by the Lord your God to your maidservant, saying, ‘Solomon your son shall certainly be king after me and he shall sit on my throne.’ 18 But now, behold, Adonijah is [acting as] king; and now [as things stand], my lord the king, you do not know it. 19 He has sacrificed oxen and fattened steers and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons and Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army [to a feast], but he did not invite your servant Solomon. 20 Now as for you, my lord the king, the eyes of all [h]Israel are on you [waiting for you] to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21 Otherwise it will come about when my lord the king lies down [in death] with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be considered [i]political enemies.”

22 While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet came in. 23 The king was told, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came before the king, he bowed before the king with his face to the ground. 24 Then Nathan said, “My lord the king, have you said, ‘Adonijah shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne’? 25 Because he has gone down today [to En-Rogel] and has sacrificed oxen and fattened steers and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons, the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest [to this feast]; and [right now] they are eating and drinking in his presence; and they say, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 26 But he has not invited me, your servant, nor Zadok the priest, nor Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, nor your servant Solomon. 27 If this thing has been done by my lord the king, why have you not shown your servants who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”

28 King David answered, “Call Bathsheba to me.” And she came into the king’s presence and stood before him. 29 Then the king swore an oath and said, “As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my soul from all distress, 30 even as I swore to you by the Lord, the God of Israel, saying, ‘Solomon your son shall certainly be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place’; I will indeed do so this very day.” 31 Bathsheba bowed down with her face to the ground, and laid herself face down before the king and said, “May my lord King David live forever!”

32 Then King David said, “Call Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada to me.” And they came before the king. 33 The king told them, “Take the [j]servants of your lord with you and have Solomon my son [k]ride on my own mule, and bring him down to [the spring at] [l]Gihon [in the Kidron Valley]. 34 Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there as king over Israel. Then blow the trumpet and say, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 35 Then you shall come up [to Jerusalem] after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne and he shall reign as king in my place; for I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Judah.” 36 Benaiah [the overseer of the king’s bodyguards], the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, “Amen! (So be it!) May the Lord, the God of my lord the king, say so too. 37 [m]Just as the Lord has been with my lord the king, so may He be with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David!”

Solomon Anointed King

38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites [the king’s bodyguards] went down [from Jerusalem] and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule, and brought him to [the spring at] Gihon. 39 Zadok the priest took a horn of [olive] oil from the [sacred] tent and anointed Solomon. They blew the trumpet, and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!” 40 All the people went up after him, and they were playing on flutes and rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth shook and seemed to burst open with their [joyful] sound.

41 Now Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they finished eating. When Joab heard the trumpet sound, he said, “[n]Why is the city in such an uproar?” 42 While he was still speaking, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest arrived. And Adonijah said, “Come in, for you are a valiant and trustworthy man and you bring good news.” 43 But Jonathan replied to Adonijah, “No, on the contrary, our lord King David has made Solomon king! 44 The king has sent him with Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites; and they have had him ride on the king’s [own royal] mule. 45 Also, Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon, and they have come up from there celebrating, so the city is in an uproar. This is the noise which you have heard. 46 Besides, Solomon has taken his seat on the throne of the kingdom. 47 Moreover, the king’s servants came to bless (congratulate) our lord King David, saying, ‘May [o]your God make the name of Solomon better (more famous) than your name and make his throne greater than your throne.’ And the king bowed himself [before God] upon the bed. 48 The king has also said this: ‘Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who has granted one [of my descendants] to sit on my throne today and allowed my eyes to see it.’”

49 Then all Adonijah’s guests were terrified [of being branded as traitors] and stood up and left the feast, and each one went on his way. 50 And Adonijah feared Solomon, and he got up and went [to the tabernacle on Mt. Zion] and took hold of the horns of the altar [seeking asylum]. 51 Now Solomon was told, “Behold, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, and behold, he has grasped the horns of the altar [seeking God’s protection], saying, ‘King Solomon must swear to me today that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’” 52 Solomon said, “If he [proves he] is a worthy man, not even one of his hairs shall fall to the ground; but if wickedness is found in him, he shall die.” 53 So King Solomon sent [soldiers], and they brought Adonijah down from the altar [that was in front of the tabernacle]. And he came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house.”

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Kings 1:1 I.e. about seventy years old.
  2. 1 Kings 1:3 The town of Shunam was located within the territory of Issachar.
  3. 1 Kings 1:4 Lit did not know her.
  4. 1 Kings 1:6 David’s failure to discipline his sons always resulted in tragedy.
  5. 1 Kings 1:7 The commander of Israel’s army.
  6. 1 Kings 1:8 Lit mighty men and so throughout the chapter.
  7. 1 Kings 1:16 Lit What to you.
  8. 1 Kings 1:20 In general, sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Gen 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient people were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.
  9. 1 Kings 1:21 Lit sinners.
  10. 1 Kings 1:33 This group would have included David’s personal bodyguards.
  11. 1 Kings 1:33 Placing Solomon on his royal mule announced to the people that David had chosen Solomon as his successor.
  12. 1 Kings 1:33 This was near En-rogel, the site of Adonijah’s celebration.
  13. 1 Kings 1:37 This was a declaration of support for David and his choice of Solomon.
  14. 1 Kings 1:41 Gihon was nearby, but because of the topography it was not visible.
  15. 1 Kings 1:47 See note v 37.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

列王紀上 1

王位之爭

1大衛王年紀老邁,雖然蓋了幾層被子,仍然覺得冷。 他的臣僕建議:「不如選一位少女進宮伺候、照顧我主我王,讓她睡在王懷中給王取暖。」

於是,他們在以色列全國尋找美貌女子,找到了一位名叫雅比莎的書念少女,把她帶到王那裡。 這女子長得花容月貌,她照顧、伺候王,但王沒有與她同房。

那時,哈姬的兒子亞多尼雅妄自尊大,說:「我必做王。」他為自己製備了車輛和騎兵,派五十人在前面開路。 他父親從不干涉、責問他:「你這是做什麼?」他是押沙龍的弟弟,長得英俊非凡。

亞多尼雅與洗魯雅的兒子約押及祭司亞比亞他商議,二人都答應支持他。 不過,撒督祭司、耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅、拿單先知、示每、利以和大衛的勇士卻沒有跟隨他。

一天,亞多尼雅在隱·羅結附近的瑣希列磐石那裡宰了牛羊和肥牛犢獻祭,並邀請了眾王子和猶大的群臣。 10 可是他沒有邀請拿單先知、比拿雅、大衛的勇士和他的兄弟所羅門。

11 拿單對所羅門的母親拔示芭說:「你沒有聽說嗎?哈姬的兒子亞多尼雅做王了,我們的主大衛還不知道。 12 事到如今,我有一個主意,可以保住你和你兒子所羅門的性命。 13 你去見大衛王,對他說,『我主我王啊,你不是起誓說讓臣妾的兒子所羅門繼承王位嗎?怎麼現在亞多尼雅做了王呢?』 14 你跟王說話的時候,我會進去證實你的話。」

15 拔示芭就進內室去見年邁的王,書念的少女雅比莎正在伺候他。 16 拔示芭向王屈身下拜。王問道:「你有什麼事嗎?」 17 拔示芭回答說:「我主啊,你曾經憑你的上帝耶和華起誓說讓臣妾的兒子所羅門繼承你的王位,坐你的寶座。 18 但現在亞多尼雅已經稱王了,我主我王還不知道。 19 他宰了許多牛羊和肥牛犢獻祭,邀請眾王子、亞比亞他祭司和約押元帥,卻沒有邀請你的僕人所羅門。 20 我主我王啊!以色列舉國拭目以待,等著王來指定誰繼承王位。 21 不然,到我主我王與祖先同眠之後,我和我兒所羅門必被定為罪人。」

22 她與王正說話間,拿單先知進宮來了。 23 有人奏告王,說:「拿單先知來了。」拿單來到王面前,俯伏在地, 24 說:「我主我王啊,你已經宣佈讓亞多尼雅繼承你的王位,坐你的寶座嗎? 25 他今天宰了許多牛羊和肥犢獻祭,宴請眾王子、將領和亞比亞他祭司,他們正在他那裡一邊吃喝一邊說,『亞多尼雅王萬歲!』 26 但他沒有邀請臣僕我、撒督祭司、耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅和你的僕人所羅門。 27 這是我主我王的旨意嗎?王還沒有對臣僕們說過誰繼承王位。」

28 於是,大衛王召見拔示芭。拔示芭立刻晉見,侍立在王面前。 29 王起誓說:「我憑救我脫離一切苦難的永活的耶和華起誓, 30 我今天必實現我憑以色列的上帝耶和華向你起的誓。你的兒子所羅門必繼承王位,坐在我的寶座上。」

31 拔示芭就向王俯伏下拜說:「我主我王萬歲!」

32 大衛王又召見撒督祭司、拿單先知和耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅。他們都來到王面前。 33 王囑咐道:「你們要率領我的隨從,讓我兒所羅門騎上我的騾子,護送他下到基訓。 34 撒督祭司和拿單先知要在那裡膏立他為以色列王。你們要吹響號角,高喊,『所羅門王萬歲!』 35 然後,你們要隨他回來,他要登基,繼承我的王位。我已立他做以色列和猶大的君王了。」

36 耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅說:「遵命,願我主我王的上帝耶和華成全這事。 37 耶和華怎樣與我主我王同在,願祂也照樣與所羅門同在,使他的國比我主大衛王的國更強大。」 38 於是,撒督祭司、拿單先知、耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅,以及基利提人和比利提人請所羅門騎上大衛王的騾子,護送他前往基訓。 39 撒督祭司從聖幕裡拿來盛膏油的角,膏立所羅門為王。他們吹響號角,民眾高聲歡呼:「所羅門王萬歲!」 40 眾人浩浩蕩蕩地隨著所羅門回京,一路上吹笛歡呼,聲音震動大地。 41 亞多尼雅和他的眾賓客剛剛飲宴完畢,聽見了這聲音。約押聽見號角聲,便問:「城裡為什麼如此喧鬧?」 42 就在這時候,亞比亞他祭司的兒子約拿單來了,亞多尼雅說:「進來!你是個忠勇的人,一定帶來了好消息。」

43 約拿單說:「我們的主大衛王已經立所羅門為王了。 44 王派撒督祭司、拿單先知、耶何耶大的兒子比拿雅,以及基利提人和比利提人護送所羅門騎上王的騾子。 45 撒督祭司和拿單先知在基訓膏立他為王,他們一路上歡呼著回來了,全城轟動。你們聽到的就是他們的聲音。 46 所羅門已經登基掌權, 47 王的臣僕也來向我們的主大衛王道喜說,『願王的上帝使所羅門比王更聲名顯赫,使他的國比王的國更強大。』王在床上俯伏敬拜, 48 說,『以色列的上帝耶和華當受稱頌,因為祂讓我親眼看見我的繼承人今天登基。』」

49 亞多尼雅的眾賓客聽後,嚇得四散而去。 50 亞多尼雅懼怕所羅門,就去抓住祭壇的角。 51 有人告訴所羅門:「亞多尼雅懼怕王,現在正抓住祭壇的角,要王今天起誓不要殺他。」

52 所羅門說:「如果他是個忠義的人,必毫髮無損;如果他作惡,必死無疑。」 53 於是,所羅門王便派人去把亞多尼雅從祭壇上帶下來。亞多尼雅前來向所羅門王俯伏下拜,所羅門對他說:「你回家去吧。」