Amplified Bible

1 Corinthians 7

Teaching on Marriage

1Now as to the matters of which you wrote: It is good (beneficial, advantageous) for a man not to touch a woman [outside marriage]. But because of [the temptation to participate in] sexual immorality, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband. The husband must fulfill his [marital] duty to his wife [with good will and kindness], and likewise the wife to her husband. The wife does not have [exclusive] authority over her own body, but the husband shares with her; and likewise the husband does not have [exclusive] authority over his body, but the wife shares with him. Do not deprive each other [of marital rights], except perhaps by mutual consent for a time, so that you may devote yourselves [unhindered] to prayer, but come together again so that Satan will not tempt you [to sin] because of your lack of self-control. But I am saying this as a concession, not as a command. I wish that all the people were as I am; but each person has his own gift from God, one of this kind and one of that.

But I say to the unmarried and to the widows, [that as a practical matter] it is good if they remain [single and entirely devoted to the Lord] [a]as I am. But if they do not have [sufficient] self-control, they should marry; for it is better to marry than to burn with passion.

10 But to the [b]married [believers] I give instructions—not I, but the Lord—that the wife is not to separate from her husband, 11 (but even if she does leave him, let her remain single or else be [c]reconciled to her husband) and that the husband should not leave his wife.

12 To the [d]rest I declare—I, not the Lord [since Jesus did not discuss this]—that if any [believing] brother has a wife who does not believe [in Christ], and she consents to live with him, he must not leave her. 13 And if any [believing] woman has an unbelieving husband, and he consents to live with her, she must not leave him. 14 For the unbelieving husband is [e]sanctified [that is, he receives the blessings granted] through his [Christian] wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified through her believing husband. Otherwise your children would be [ceremonially] [f]unclean, but as it is they are holy. 15 But if the unbelieving partner leaves, let him leave. In such cases the [remaining] brother or sister is not [spiritually or morally] bound. But God has called us to [g]peace. 16 For how do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband [by leading him to Christ]? Or how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife [by leading her to Christ]?

17 Only, let each one live the life which the Lord has assigned him, and to which God has called him [for each person is unique and is accountable for his choices and conduct, let him walk in this way]. This is the rule I make in all the churches. 18 Was anyone at the time of his calling [from God already] circumcised? He is not to [h]become uncircumcised. Has anyone been called while uncircumcised? [i]He is not to be circumcised. 19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but what matters is keeping the commandments of God. 20 Each one should remain in the condition in which he was [when he was] called.

21 Were you a slave when you were called? Do not worry about that [since your status as a believer is [j]equal to that of a freeborn believer]; but if you are able to gain your freedom, [k]do that. 22 For he who was a slave when he was called in the Lord is a freedman of the Lord, likewise he who was free when he was called is a slave of Christ. 23 You were bought with a price [a precious price paid by Christ]; do not become slaves to men [but to Christ]. 24 Brothers, let each one remain with God in that condition in which he was [when he was] called.

25 Now concerning the virgins [of marriageable age] I have no command of the Lord, but I give my opinion as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy. 26 I think then that because of the impending distress [that is, the pressure of the current trouble], it is good for a man to remain as he is. 27 Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek to be released. Are you [l]unmarried? Do not seek a wife. 28 But if you do marry, you have not sinned [in doing so]; and if a virgin marries, she has not sinned [in doing so]. Yet those [who marry] will have troubles (special challenges) in this life, and I am trying to spare you that. 29 But I say this, believers: the [m]time has been shortened, so that from now on even those who have wives should be as though they did not; 30 and those who weep, as though they did not weep; and those who rejoice, as though they did not rejoice; and those who buy, as though they did not possess [anything]; 31 and those who use the world [taking advantage of its opportunities], as though they did not make full use of it. For the outward form of this world [its present social and material nature] is passing away.

32 But I want you to be free from concern. The unmarried man is concerned about the things of the Lord, how he may please the Lord; 33 but the married man is concerned about worldly things, how he may please his wife, 34 and his interests are divided. The unmarried woman or the virgin is concerned about the matters of the Lord, how to be holy and set apart both in body and in spirit; but a married woman is concerned about worldly things, how she may please her husband. 35 Now I say this for your own benefit; not to restrict you, but to promote what is appropriate and secure undistracted devotion to the Lord.

36 But if any man thinks that he is not acting properly and honorably toward his virgin daughter, [[n]by not permitting her to marry], if she is [o]past her youth, and it must be so, let him do as he wishes, he does not sin; let her marry. 37 But the man who stands firmly committed in his heart, having no compulsion [to yield to his daughter’s request], and has authority over his own will, and has decided in his own heart to keep his own virgin [daughter from being married], he will do well. 38 So then both the father who gives his virgin daughter in marriage does well, and he who does not give her in marriage will do better.

39 A wife is bound [to her husband by law] as long as he lives. But if her husband dies, she is free to marry whomever she wishes, only [provided that he too is] in the Lord. 40 But in my opinion a widow is happier if she stays as she is. And I think that I also have the Spirit of God [in this matter].

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Corinthians 7:8 Some scholars believe Paul may have been a widower.
  2. 1 Corinthians 7:10 Couples who are both believers.
  3. 1 Corinthians 7:11 In reference to married Christians, Paul teaches that reconciliation is always preferable to separation or divorce and should be actively sought.
  4. 1 Corinthians 7:12 Christians married to non-believers. It is evident that some of the married couples in Corinth had wed before either of them had become Christians, and subsequently the believing spouses probably wondered whether their marriage was legitimate in the eyes of God.
  5. 1 Corinthians 7:14 The unbeliever is not saved by marriage to a Christian. Each person, whether spouse or child, must make a personal decision to accept and follow Christ to receive salvation and God’s promises.
  6. 1 Corinthians 7:14 The word used here seems to be borrowed from the language of OT ritual. There were many things that could render a person ceremonially unclean. All these things would disqualify a person from participating in worship, and required cleansing rituals to correct.
  7. 1 Corinthians 7:15 Probably peace between the spouses, hopefully leading to restoration and salvation (v 16).
  8. 1 Corinthians 7:18 Paul may be speaking figuratively of abandoning all of one’s Jewish heritage and culture; however, there was a procedure in ancient medicine for reversing circumcision.
  9. 1 Corinthians 7:18 A faction of Jewish Christians (often called “Judaizers”) hounded Paul and insisted that Gentile believers must be circumcised.
  10. 1 Corinthians 7:21 In practice, even if both a slave and his master became Christians, the slave would remain so unless he were freed (cf Onesimus and Philemon); he could not claim that his freedom in Christ applied to his civil status as a slave. But it would have been wrong for others to treat a slave differently from anyone else in church services.
  11. 1 Corinthians 7:21 This essentially is an exception to the rule of v 20.
  12. 1 Corinthians 7:27 Lit released from a wife.
  13. 1 Corinthians 7:29 Paul may be referring to the appointed time of the return of Christ, or he may have been focusing on the briefness of human life, or both of these.
  14. 1 Corinthians 7:36 In ancient times marriages were usually arranged by a girl’s father or the head of the family.
  15. 1 Corinthians 7:36 I.e. has reached her child-bearing years.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Simplified)

哥林多前书 7

论婚姻

1关于你们信上所写的事,我认为男人不亲近女人是好的。 不过,为了避免发生淫乱的事,男婚女嫁也合情合理。

夫妻双方都应当履行自己的义务,过正常的夫妻生活。 妻子无权支配自己的身体,丈夫才有权;丈夫也无权支配自己的身体,妻子才有权。 夫妻不可亏负彼此的需要,除非双方同意,才可以暂时分房,以便专心祈祷。以后,二人仍要恢复正常的夫妻生活,免得撒旦趁你们情不自禁的时候引诱你们。 我这番话是准许你们结婚,并不是命令你们结婚。 虽然我希望人人都像我一样独身,但每个人从上帝所领受的恩赐不同,有的是这样,有的是那样。

至于那些未婚的和寡居的,他们若能像我一样就好了。 但如果他们不能自制,就应该结婚,因为与其欲火攻心还不如结婚为好。 10 我也吩咐那些已婚的人,其实不是我吩咐,而是主吩咐:妻子不可离开丈夫, 11 若是离开了,妻子不可再嫁别人,只能与丈夫复合。丈夫也不可离弃妻子。

12 至于其他的人,主没有吩咐什么,但我要说,如果某弟兄的妻子不信主,但乐意和他同住,他就不应离弃妻子。 13 同样,如果某姊妹的丈夫不信主,但乐意和她同住,她就不应离弃丈夫。 14 因为不信的丈夫因妻子而得以圣洁了。同样,不信的妻子也因丈夫而得以圣洁了。否则你们的孩子就是不洁净的,但如今他们是圣洁的。 15 倘若不信的一方坚持要离开的话,就让他离开好了。无论是弟兄或姊妹遇到这样的事情都不必勉强。上帝呼召我们,原是要我们和睦相处。 16 你这做妻子的,怎么知道不能救你的丈夫呢?你这做丈夫的,怎么知道不能救你的妻子呢?

17 各人应当依照上帝的呼召和安排生活,这是我对各教会的吩咐。 18 如果蒙召时已经受了割礼,不必消除割礼;如果蒙召时没有受割礼,也不必去受割礼。 19 受不受割礼都算不得什么,最要紧的是遵行上帝的诫命。 20 各人应当保持自己蒙召时的身份。 21 如果你蒙召时是奴隶,不必因此而烦恼。不过如果你可以获得自由,也不要放过机会。 22 因为,如果你蒙召信主时是奴隶,现在则是主的自由人;如果你蒙召时是自由人,现在则是基督的奴仆。 23 你们是主用重价买来的,不要做人的奴隶。 24 弟兄姊妹,你们要在上帝面前保持自己蒙召时的身份。

25 关于独身的问题,主并没有给我任何命令,但我既然深受主恩,成为祂忠心的仆人,就向你们提供一些意见。

26 鉴于目前时势艰难,我认为各人最好是安于现状。 27 已经有妻子的,就不要设法摆脱她;还没有妻子的,就不要想着结婚。 28 男婚女嫁并不是犯罪,只是有家室的人总免不了许多人生的苦恼,我是盼望你们能够免去这些苦恼。

29 弟兄们,我告诉你们,时日不多了,从今以后,那些有妻子的,要像没有妻子的; 30 哭泣的,要像不哭泣的;欢喜的,要像不欢喜的;置业的,要像一无所有的。 31 享用世界之物的,不要沉溺其中,因为现今的世界很快就要过去了。

32 我希望你们无牵无挂。未婚的男子可以专心于主的事,想着怎样讨主的喜悦。 33 但已婚的男子挂虑世上的事,想着如何取悦妻子, 34 难免分心。没有丈夫的妇女和处女可以专心于主的事,叫身体和心灵都圣洁;已婚的妇女挂虑世上的事,想着如何取悦丈夫。 35 我这样说是为了你们的好处,不是要束缚你们,是要鼓励你们做合宜的事,好叫你们殷勤、专心事奉主。

36 若有人觉得对待自己的未婚妻有不合宜之处,女方的年纪也够大,自己又情欲难禁,就成全他的心愿,让他们结婚吧!这并不算犯罪。 37 如果这人心里确信自己没有结婚的需要,又能自己作主,打定主意不结婚,这样做也好。 38 所以,与未婚妻完婚是对的,但不结婚则更好。

39 丈夫还活着的时候,妻子必须忠于丈夫。如果丈夫去世了,她就自由了,可以再婚,只是要嫁给信主的弟兄。 40 然而,照我的意见,她若能不再婚就更有福了。我想自己也是受了上帝的灵感动才说这番话的。