Amplified Bible

1 Corinthians 14

Prophecy a Superior Gift

1Pursue [this] love [with eagerness, make it your goal], yet earnestly desire and cultivate the spiritual gifts [to be used by believers for the benefit of the church], but especially that you may [a]prophesy [to foretell the future, to speak a new message from God to the people]. For one who speaks in an unknown tongue does not speak to people but to God; for no one understands him or catches his meaning, but by the Spirit he speaks mysteries [secret truths, hidden things]. But [on the other hand] the one who prophesies speaks to people for edification [to promote their spiritual growth] and [speaks words of] encouragement [to uphold and advise them concerning the matters of God] and [speaks words of] consolation [to compassionately comfort them]. One who speaks in a tongue edifies himself; but one who prophesies edifies the church [promotes growth in spiritual wisdom, devotion, holiness, and joy]. Now I wish that all of you spoke in unknown tongues, but even more [I wish] that you would prophesy. The one who prophesies is greater [and more useful] than the one who speaks in tongues, unless he translates or explains [what he says], so that the church may [b]be edified [instructed, improved, strengthened].

Now, believers, if I come to you speaking in unknown tongues, how will I benefit you unless I also speak to you [clearly] either by revelation [revealing God’s mystery], or by knowledge [teaching about God], or by prophecy [foretelling the future, speaking a new message from God to the people], or by instruction [teaching precepts that develop spiritual maturity]? Yet even lifeless things, whether flute or harp, when producing a sound, if they do not produce distinct [musical] tones, how will anyone [listening] know what is piped or played? And if the [war] bugle produces an indistinct sound, who will prepare himself for battle? So it is with you, if you speak words [in an unknown tongue] that are not intelligible and clear, how will anyone understand what you are saying? You will be talking into the air [wasting your breath]! 10 There are, I suppose, a great many kinds of languages in the world [unknown to us], and none is lacking in meaning. 11 But if I do not know the meaning of the language, I will [appear to] be a [c]foreigner to the one who is speaking [since he knows exactly what he is saying], and the one who is speaking will [appear to] be a foreigner to me. 12 So it is with you, since you are so very eager to have spiritual gifts and manifestations of the Spirit, strive to excel in ways that will build up the church [spiritually].

13 Therefore let one who speaks in a tongue pray that he may [be gifted to] translate or explain [what he says]. 14 For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unproductive [because it does not understand what my spirit is praying]. 15 Then what am I to do? I will pray with the [d]spirit [by the Holy Spirit that is within me] and I will pray with the mind [using words I understand]; I will sing with the spirit [by the Holy Spirit that is within me] and I will sing with the mind [using words I understand]. 16 Otherwise if you bless [and give thanks to God] in the spirit only, how will any outsider or someone who is not gifted [in spiritual matters] say the “Amen” [of agreement] to your thanksgiving, since he does not know what you are saying? 17 You are giving thanks well enough [in a way that God is glorified], but the other person [who does not understand you] is not edified [and spiritually strengthened since he cannot join in your thanksgiving]. 18 I thank God that I speak in [unknown] tongues more than all of you; 19 nevertheless, in public worship I would rather say five understandable words in order to instruct others, than ten thousand words in a tongue [which others cannot understand].

Instruction for the Church

20 Brothers and sisters, do not be children [immature, childlike] in your thinking; be infants in [matters of] evil [completely innocent and inexperienced], but in your minds be mature [adults]. 21 It is written in the Law, “By men of strange tongues and by the lips of foreigners I will speak to this people, and not even then will they listen to Me,” says the Lord. 22 Therefore, [unknown] tongues are [meant] for a [supernatural] sign, not to believers but to unbelievers [who might be receptive]; while prophecy [foretelling the future, speaking a new message from God to the people] is not for unbelievers but for believers. 23 So then, if the whole church gathers together and all of you speak in [unknown] tongues, and outsiders or those who are not gifted [in spiritual matters] or unbelievers come in, will they not say that you are out of your mind? 24 But if all prophesy [foretelling the future, speaking a new message from God to the people], and an unbeliever or outsider comes in, he is convicted [of his sins] by all, and he is called to account by all [because he can understand what is being said]; 25 the secrets of his heart are laid bare. And so, falling on his face, he will worship God, declaring that God is really among you.

26 What then is the right course, believers? When you meet together, each one has a psalm, a teaching, a revelation (disclosure of special knowledge), a tongue, or an interpretation. Let everything be constructive and edifying and done for the good of all the church. 27 If anyone speaks in a tongue, it should be limited to two or at the most three, and each one speaking in turn, and one must interpret [what is said]. 28 But if there is no one to interpret, the one [who wishes to speak in a tongue] must keep silent in church; let him speak to himself and to God. 29 Let two or three prophets speak [as inspired by the Holy Spirit], while the rest pay attention and weigh carefully what is said. 30 But if an inspired revelation is made to another who is seated, then the first one must be silent. 31 For [in this way] you can all prophesy one by one, so that everyone may be instructed and everyone may be encouraged; 32 for the spirits of prophets are subject to the prophets [the prophecy is under the speaker’s control, and he can stop speaking]; 33 for God [who is the source of their prophesying] is not a God of confusion and disorder but of peace and order.

As [is the practice] in all the churches of the saints (God’s people),

34 the [e]women should be silent in the churches, for they are not authorized to speak, but are to take a subordinate place, as the Law says. 35 If there is anything they want to learn [that is, if they have questions about anything being said or taught], they are to ask their own husbands at home; for it is improper for a [f]woman to talk in church. 36 Did the word of the Lord originate from you [Corinthians], or has it come to you only [so that you know best what God requires]?

37 If anyone thinks and claims that he is a prophet [a true spokesman for God] or spiritually astute [filled with and energized by the Holy Spirit], let him recognize that the things which I write to you are the Lord’s commandment. 38 If anyone does not recognize this [that it is a command of the Lord], he is not recognized [by God].

39 Therefore, believers, desire earnestly to prophesy [to foretell the future, to speak a new message from God to the people], and do not forbid speaking in unknown tongues. 40 But all things must be done appropriately and in an orderly manner.

Notas al pie

  1. 1 Corinthians 14:1 In both the Old and the New Testaments, prophets are divinely inspired to foretell the future in the process of delivering God’s word to the people. Paul is saying to the Corinthians that all gifts are worthy and necessary (cf 12:11, 18, 29, 30), but that they should give the gift of prophecy the highest priority (cf Deut 18).
  2. 1 Corinthians 14:5 Lit receive edification.
  3. 1 Corinthians 14:11 Lit barbarian, i.e. one who did not speak Greek; especially a person from an uncivilized region whose speech could not be readily translated.
  4. 1 Corinthians 14:15 May refer to Paul’s spirit, the Holy Spirit, or the gifts of the Holy Spirit.
  5. 1 Corinthians 14:34 When used elsewhere in the New Testament, in specific reference to a woman (cf Eph 5:22; Col 3:18; Titus 2:4, 5; 1 Peter 3:1, 5), this word refers to a married woman, so these admonitions (vv 34, 35) may be directed primarily to the wives of believing husbands.
  6. 1 Corinthians 14:35 Paul does not comment on unmarried women; they probably have to abide by the prohibition against speaking out in church as well, and ask questions outside the service.

Nádej pre kazdého

Prvý List Korinťanom 14

Cudzie jazyky v kresťanskom spoločenstve

1 Nech je teda u vás láska na prvom mieste. O duchovné dary sa tiež usilujte, ale predovšetkým o schopnosť zvestovať Božie slovo.

Keď niekto hovorí neznámym jazykom, hovorí síce Bohu, ale ľudia z toho nič nemajú, lebo mu nerozumejú.

Ak však niekto prehovorí zrozumiteľne, poslucháči ho pochopia a také slová im pomáhajú, povzbudzujú ich a naprávajú.

Neznámy jazyk má význam len pre toho, kto ním hovorí, kým zvestovanie Božej vôle buduje kresťanské spoločenstvo.

Prajem si, aby ste všetci hovorili inými jazykmi, ale dávam prednosť tomu, aby ste posolstvo prinášali zrozumiteľne. Veď cirkev má úžitok len z toho, čomu môže každý rozumieť.

Povedzte sami: na čo by vám bolo, keby som hovoril jazykmi pre vás nezrozumiteľnými, a nikto by nevyložil, v čom je poučenie, aký Boží odkaz vám tlmočím.

Pozrite sa na hudobný nástroj -- povedzme na flautu alebo citaru. Keby nevydávali rozdielne zvuky, ako sa pozná, čo sa hrá?

Alebo trúbku: ak zatrúbi nezreteľne, kto v tom rozozná signál do boja?

Takisto aj vaša reč: ak nie je zrozumiteľná, nikomu nič nedá. Hovoríte do vetra.

10 Na svete sa hovorí stovkami rôznych rečí, a kto ich pozná, dohovorí sa nimi.

11 Ale ak sa mi niekto prihovára rečou, ktorú nepoznám, zostaneme navzájom cudzincami.

12 Viem, že túžite po duchovných daroch. Usilujte sa teda vyniknúť hlavne v tom, čo pomáha budovať cirkev.

13 Preto radím tomu, kto hovorí neznámym jazykom: modli sa, aby si vedel aj vyložiť, čo hovoríš.

14 Keď totiž niekto hovorí takým jazykom, jeho duch sa modlí bez účasti rozumu.

15 Nuž čo robiť? Budem sa modliť duchom aj mysľou, budem spievať duchom", ale aj mysľou".

16 Ako by mohol obyčajný človek pripojiť svoje amen k modlitbe, keby nevedel, čo si hovoril?

17 Áno, ty krásne ďakuješ, ale iný z toho nič nemá.

18 Som vďačný Bohu, že hovorím jazykmi väčšmi než ktokoľvek z vás,

19 ale v zhromaždení poviem radšej päť zrozumiteľných viet ako tisíce nezrozumiteľných.

20 Bratia, nebuďte detinskí. Nech je vám zlo cudzie ako bábätkám, ale inak myslite ako dospelí ľudia.

21 V starozákonnom proroctve hovorí Boh: Pošlem k nim cudzincov, aby hovorili k nim cudzím jazykom, ale ani tých nebudú počúvať."

22 Nezrozumiteľný jazyk sotva niekoho privedie k viere; je znamením pre neveriacich, ale proroctvo z Božieho poverenia je poučením a povzbudením pre veriacich.

23 Predstavte si, že sa zhromaždíte, každý z vás bude hovoriť iným jazykom a teraz medzi vás príde nezasvätený alebo neveriaci človek. Nepovie, že ste sa asi pomiatli?

24 No keď všetci budete tlmočiť Božiu pravdu zrozumiteľnou rečou, tak to, čo náhodný hosť počuje, zasiahne jeho svedomie.

25 Bude usvedčený a jeho najtajnejšie myšlienky odkryté, takže padne na kolená a vyzná, že medzi vami je určite Boh!

Poriadok pri bohoslužbách

26 Čo povedať na záver? Keď sa zídete, jeden poslúži spevom, iný zjavením, ďalší posolstvom od Boha alebo svedectvom v cudzom jazyku, ďalší jeho výkladom. Pre všetkých tu platí jediné pravidlo: nech to, čo robia, slúži na osoh celej obci veriacich.

27 Ak sa hovorí cudzím jazykom, nech hovoria najviac dvaja alebo traja, ale jeden po druhom a zároveň nech to niekto vykladá.

28 Ak sa nenájde nikto, kto by bol schopný to urobiť, nech radšej mlčia, alebo hovoria s Bohom potichu, sami pre seba.

29 Tí, ktorí dostali zvláštne Božie posolstvo, nech tiež hovoria len dvaja alebo traja, ostatní nech o tom uvažujú.

30 Ak Boh odhalí niečo ďalšiemu z prítomných, kým druhý ešte hovorí, treba mu dať slovo.

31 Tak príde rad na všetkých, čo majú čo povedať, a všetci sa budú aj učiť, aj budú povzbudení.

32 Pamätajte, že kto hovorí z Božieho poverenia, vie aj prestať a čakať, kým znovu príde naňho rad.

33 Boh nemá rád zmätok a hluk, ale poriadok a pokoj.

34 Zatiaľ som sa nikde nestretol s tým, aby ženy zasahovali do priebehu kresťanských zhromaždení. Nech teda mlčia v zhromaždení aj u vás. Napokon im to ukladá aj zákon.

35 Ak niečomu nerozumejú, nech im to doma vysvetlí manžel, nepatrí sa však, aby si žiadali slovo na verejnosti.

36 Niekomu sa to možno nebude páčiť, ale nemyslite si, že práve vy v Korinte rozumiete všetkému najlepšie. Nie ste prví ani jediní, ktorí prijali Krista za svojho Pána.

37 A ak niekto u vás tvrdí, že má zvláštny dar počuť Boží hlas, alebo má iné schopnosti z Božieho Ducha, mal by tým skôr poznať, že to, čo vám hovorím, pochádza od Boha.

38 Kto to odmieta uznať, sám nemá nárok na uznanie.

39 Tak teda, milí bratia, proste Boha o to, aby ste mohli hlásať jeho pravdy. Nebráňte hovoriť cudzími jazykmi,

40 ale nech sa všetko deje v poriadku a slušnosti.