Amplified Bible

Genesis 14

War of the Kings

1In the days of the [Eastern] kings Amraphel of Shinar, Arioch of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer of Elam, and Tidal of Goiim, they [invaded the Jordan Valley near the Dead Sea, and] made war with Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela [a](that is, Zoar). All of these [kings] joined together [as allies] in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Sea of Salt). Twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer [the most powerful king in the invading confederacy], but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the [three] kings who were with him attacked and subdued the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, and the Horites in their mountainous country of Seir, as far as El-paran, which is on the border of the wilderness. Then they turned back and came to En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh), and subdued all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar. Then the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela (that is, Zoar) came out; and they joined together for battle with the invading kings in the Valley of Siddim, against Chedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of Goiim and Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five. 10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar (bitumen) pits; and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell into them. But the remainder [of the kings] who survived fled to the hill country. 11 Then the victors took all the possessions of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food supply and provisions and left. 12 And they also took [captive] Lot, Abram’s nephew, and his possessions and left, for he was living in Sodom.

13 Then a survivor who had escaped [from the invading forces on the other side of the Jordan] came and told Abram the [b]Hebrew. Now he was living by the terebinths (oaks) of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and brother of Aner—they were allies of Abram. 14 When Abram heard that his nephew [Lot] had been captured, he armed and led out his trained men, born in his own house, [numbering] three hundred and eighteen, and went in pursuit as far [north] as Dan. 15 He divided his forces against them by night, he and his servants, and attacked and defeated them, and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is north of Damascus. 16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, and also the women, and the people.

Abram and Melchizedek

17 Then after Abram’s return from the defeat (slaughter) of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley). 18 [c]Melchizedek king of Salem (ancient Jerusalem) brought out bread and wine [for them]; he was the priest of [d]God Most High. 19 And Melchizedek blessed Abram and said,

“Blessed (joyful, favored) be Abram by God Most High,
Creator and Possessor of heaven and earth;
And blessed, praised, and glorified be God Most High,
Who has given your enemies into your hand.”

And Abram gave him a tenth of all [the treasure he had taken in battle]. 21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods (spoils of battle) for yourself.” 22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand and sworn an oath to the Lord God Most High, the Creator and Possessor of heaven and earth, 23 that I would not take anything that is yours, from a thread to a sandal strap, so you could not say, ‘I [the King of Sodom] have made Abram rich.’ 24 I will take nothing except what my young men have eaten, and the share of the spoils belonging to the men [my allies] who went with me—Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their share of the spoils.”

Notas al pie

  1. Genesis 14:2 One of the many facts supporting the antiquity of Genesis is that many of the original names of places mentioned were so old that Moses had to add an explanation in order to identify these ancient names, so that the Israelites returning from Egypt could recognize them. Chapter 14 alone contains six such explanatory notes (Gen 14:2, 3, 7, 8, 15, 17).
  2. Genesis 14:13 This ethnic designation means “descended from Eber” or, more probably, “one who crosses (a border).”
  3. Genesis 14:18 Heb king of righteousness.
  4. Genesis 14:18 Heb El Elyon and so throughout the chapter. The supreme Ruler of all the universe; His dominion is all encompassing and everlasting.

Chinese Contemporary Bible (Traditional)

創世記 14


11-2 那時,示拿王暗拉非、以拉撒王亞略、以攔王基大老瑪和戈印王提達聯合攻打以下五王:所多瑪王比拉、蛾摩拉王比沙、押瑪王示納、洗扁王善以別和比拉王,即瑣珥王。 五王會師西訂谷,即鹽海。 他們受基大老瑪王統治十二年,在第十三年叛變了。 第十四年,基大老瑪聯合其他王在亞特律·加寧打敗利乏音人,在哈麥打敗蘇西人,在沙微·基列亭打敗以米人, 在西珥山打敗住在那裡的何利人,直殺到靠近曠野的伊勒·巴蘭。 然後,他們返回安·密巴,即加低斯,征服了亞瑪力全境以及住在哈洗遜·他瑪的亞摩利人。 那時,所多瑪王、蛾摩拉王、押瑪王、洗扁王和比拉王,即瑣珥王,在西訂谷擺開陣勢, 抵抗以攔王基大老瑪、戈印王提達、示拿王暗拉非和以拉撒王亞略:四王跟五王交戰。 10 西訂谷有許多柏油坑,所多瑪王和蛾摩拉王敗走的時候,有些人掉進坑裡,其他人都往山上逃命。 11 四王把所多瑪和蛾摩拉所有的財物和糧食洗劫一空, 12 並劫走亞伯蘭的侄兒羅得和他的財物,那時羅得正住在所多瑪。

13 有一個逃出來的人把這件事情告訴了希伯來人亞伯蘭。那時,亞伯蘭住在亞摩利人幔利的橡樹那裡。幔利是以實各和亞乃的兄弟,三人都是亞伯蘭的盟友。 14 亞伯蘭聽見侄兒被擄的消息,便率領家中三百一十八名訓練有素的壯丁去追趕他們,一直追到但。 15 夜裡,亞伯蘭和他的隨從分頭出擊,大敗敵人,一直追殺到大馬士革北面的何巴, 16 奪回所有被劫的財物,並救出他侄兒羅得和他的財物、婦女及其他人。


17 亞伯蘭大敗基大老瑪及其盟軍後凱旋歸來,所多瑪王到沙微谷來迎接他們。沙微谷即王谷。 18 撒冷王麥基洗德也帶著餅和酒出來相迎,他是至高上帝的祭司。 19 他祝福亞伯蘭說:

20 將敵人交在你手中的至高上帝當受稱頌!」

於是,亞伯蘭把所得的十分之一給麥基洗德。 21 所多瑪王對亞伯蘭說:「請把我的人民交還給我,你可以把財物拿去。」 22 亞伯蘭對他說:「我向創造天地的主、至高的上帝耶和華起誓, 23 凡是你的東西,就是一根線、一條鞋帶,我都不會拿,免得你說,『我使亞伯蘭發了財!』 24 除了我的隨從已經吃用的以外,我什麼也不要。至於我的盟友亞乃、以實各和幔利所應得的戰利品,請分給他們。」