Amplified Bible

Genesis 19

The Doom of Sodom

1It was evening when the two angels came to Sodom. Lot was sitting at Sodom’s [[a]city] gate. Seeing them, Lot got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the ground. And he said, “See here, my lords, please turn aside and come into your servant’s house, and spend the night, and wash your feet; then you may get up early and go on your way.” But they said, “No, we shall spend the night in the open plaza [of the city].” However, Lot strongly urged them, so they turned aside and entered his house; and he prepared a feast for them [with wine], and baked unleavened bread, and they ate. But before they lay down [to sleep], the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both young and old, surrounded the house, [b]all the men from every quarter; and they called out to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we may know them [intimately].” But Lot went out of the doorway to the men, and shut the door after him, and said, “Please, my brothers, do not do something so wicked. See here, I have two daughters who have not known a man [intimately]; please let me bring them out to you [instead], and you can do as you please with them; only do nothing to these men, because they have in fact come under the shelter of my roof [for protection].” But they said, “Get out of the way!” And they said, “This man (Lot) came [as an outsider] to live here temporarily, and now he is acting like a judge. Now we will treat you worse than your visitors!” So they rushed forward and pressed violently against [c]Lot and came close to breaking down the door [of his house]. 10 But the men (angels) reached out with their hands and pulled Lot into the house with them, and shut the door [after him]. 11 They struck (punished) the men who were at the doorway of the house with blindness, from the young men to the old men, so that they exhausted themselves trying to find the doorway.

12 And the [two] men (angels) asked Lot, “Have you any others here [in Sodom]—a son-in-law, and your sons, and your daughters? Whomever you have in the city, take them out of here; 13 for we are destroying this place, because the outcry [for judgment] against them has grown so great before the Lord that the Lord has sent us to destroy and ruin it.” 14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were [betrothed, and legally promised] to marry his daughters, and said, “Get up, get out of this place, for the Lord is about to destroy this city!” But to his sons-in-law he appeared to be joking.

15 When morning dawned, the angels urged Lot [to hurry], saying, “Get up! Take your wife and two daughters who are here [and go], or you will be swept away in the punishment of the city.” 16 But Lot hesitated and lingered. The men took hold of his hand and the hand of his wife and the hands of his two daughters, because the Lord was merciful to him [for Abraham’s sake]; and they brought him out, and left him outside the city [with his family]. 17 When they had brought them outside, one [of the angels] said, “Escape for your life! Do not look behind you, or stop anywhere in the entire valley; escape to the mountains [of Moab], or you will be consumed and swept away.” 18 But Lot said to them, “Oh no, [not that place] my lords! 19 Please listen, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have magnified your lovingkindness (mercy) to me by saving my life; but I cannot escape to the mountains, because the disaster will overtake me and I will be killed. 20 Now look, this town [in the distance] is near enough for us to flee to, and it is small [with only a few people]. Please, let me escape there (is it not small?) so that my life will be saved.” 21 And the angel said to him, “Behold, I grant you this request also; I will not destroy this town of which you have spoken. 22 Hurry and take refuge there, for I cannot do anything [to punish Sodom] until you arrive there.” For this reason the town was named Zoar (few, small).

23 The sun had risen over the earth when Lot came to Zoar. 24 Then the Lord rained down brimstone (flaming sulfur) and fire on Sodom and on Gomorrah from the Lord out of heaven, 25 and He overthrew (demolished, ended) those cities, and the entire valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and whatever grew on the ground. 26 But Lot’s wife, from behind him, [foolishly, longingly] looked [back toward Sodom in an act of disobedience], and she [d]became a pillar of salt.

27 Abraham started out early the next morning to the place where he [only the day before] had stood before the Lord; 28 and he looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the valley [of the Dead Sea]; and he saw, and behold, the smoke of [e]the land went up like the smoke of a kiln (pottery furnace).

29 Now when God ravaged and destroyed the cities of the plain [of Siddim], He remembered Abraham [and for that reason], and He sent [Abraham’s nephew] Lot out of the midst of the destruction, when He destroyed the cities in which Lot had lived.

Lot Is Debased

30 Now Lot went up from Zoar, and lived in the mountain together with his two daughters, for he was afraid to stay [any longer] in Zoar; and he lived in a cave with his two daughters. 31 The firstborn said to the younger, “Our father is aging, and there is not a man on earth [available] to be intimate with us in the customary way [so that we may have children]. 32 Come, let us make our father drunk with wine, and we will lie with him so that we may preserve our family through our father.” 33 So they gave their father wine that night, and the firstborn went in and lay with her father; and he did not know when she lay down or when she got up [because he was completely intoxicated]. 34 Then the next day, the firstborn said to the younger, “Behold, I lay with my father last night; let us make him drunk with wine tonight also, and then you go in and lie with him, so that we may preserve our family through our father.” 35 So they gave their father wine that night also, and the younger got up and lay with him; and again he did not know when she lay down or when she got up. 36 Thus both the daughters of Lot conceived by their father. 37 The firstborn gave birth to a son, and named him Moab (from father); he is the father of the Moabites to this day. 38 The younger also gave birth to a son and named him Ben-ammi (son of my people); he is the father of the Ammonites to this day.

Notas al pie

  1. Genesis 19:1 In ancient times this was the primary place of commerce and legal business.
  2. Genesis 19:4 The emphasis in the text that all the men of Sodom came reveals the depth of their depravity.
  3. Genesis 19:9 Lit the man.
  4. Genesis 19:26 Lot’s wife not only “looked back” to where her interests were, but perhaps lingered behind and was overtaken by the fire and brimstone; her dead body likely became continually encrusted with salt since this disaster occurred in the salt-rich area around the Dead Sea.
  5. Genesis 19:28 Not only were Sodom and Gomorrah blazing ruins, but also Admah and Zeboiim (Deut 29:23; Hos 11:8), as well as all the towns in the Valley of Siddim; Zoar was the lone exception.

Japanese Living Bible

創世記 19


1その日の夕方、二人の天使がソドムの町の入口に着きました。ちょうどそこに、ロトが座っていました。ロトは二人を見るとすぐさま立ち上がって迎え、伏し拝んであいさつをしました。 「ご主人がた、どうぞ私どもの家にお泊まりください。明日の朝、お好きな時間にお発ちになればよろしいでしょう。」


けれども、ロトはしきりに勧めました。とうとう二人はロトについて彼の家に行きました。ロトは客のためにパン種(パンの製造に使用する酵母)を入れない焼きたてのパンを出し、ごちそうを並べました。食事が終わり、 ベッドの用意にかかろうとしていると、若者から年寄りまで町中の男たちがぐるりと家を取り囲み、 大声でわめき立てました。「やい、ロト! あの二人を外に出せ。うんとかわいがってやろう。」

ロトは彼らをなだめようと外へ出て、うしろの戸を閉めました。 「お願いだ。乱暴はやめてくれ。 うちには結婚前の娘が二人いるから、好きなようにしてかまわない。けれども、客人に手出しをすることだけはやめてくれないか。私が責任をもってお泊めしたのだから。」

「うるさい、引っ込んでいろ!」暴徒たちは口々に叫びました。「だいたい自分を何様だと思っていやがるんだ。お情けでこの町に住ませてもらっているよそ者なのに、おれたちに命令しようっていうのか? こうなったら、あの二人のことなんかどうでもいい! それより、おまえの生意気な面の皮をひっぱがしてやろう。」言うが早いか、彼らはどっとロトに飛びかかり、戸を壊そうとし始めました。 10 ところが、客の二人がさっと腕を伸ばしてロトをつかみ、家の中に連れ込むと、戸にがっちりかぎをかけたのです。 11 そして、外の男たちの目を一時的に見えなくしたので、彼らは戸がどこにあるのかわからなくなってしまいました。

12 二人はロトに言いました。「この町に親戚がいますか。家族の皆さんも、それからもし親戚があれば、その人たちもみな、ここから逃げなさい。 13 われわれは今からこの町を滅ぼします。この町の腐敗は天にまで知れ渡り、主は、この町を滅ぼすためにわたしたちを遣わされたのです。」

14 ロトは急いで表へ飛び出し、娘の婚約者のところへ駆けつけました。「すぐ町から出るんだ。主がこの町を滅ぼそうとしておられる!」ところが彼らには、ロトが気が変になってしまったとしか思えず、あっけにとられてロトを見つめるだけでした。

15 翌日、夜が明けるころ、二人の天使はしきりにロトをせかせて言いました。「さあ、ぐずぐずしないで。奥さんと、ここにいる二人の娘さんを連れて、大急ぎで逃げるのです。さもないと、町もろとも滅びうせてしまいます。」

16 それでもまだロトがぐずぐずしているので、天使はロト夫婦と二人の娘の手を取り、町の外の安全な場所へ連れ出しました。それは、神のあわれみによるものでした。

17 一人の天使が言いました。「いのちが惜しかったら一目散に逃げなさい。絶対にうしろを振り返ってはいけません。山の中へ逃れるのです。いつまでもこの低地にいると死んでしまいます。」

18-20 「どうぞ、そんなことになりませんように。これほどまでして、いのちを助けてくださるご親切には、お礼の申しようもございません。けれども、山の中ではなく、あそこに見える、小さな村に逃げ込んではいけないでしょうか。きっと山にたどり着く前に力尽きて、滅ぼされてしまいます。あの村ならそんなに遠くないですし、それにほんの小さな村ではありませんか。お願いです。あそこへ行かせてください。どんなに小さい村か、どうぞごらんください。あそこなら、私たちは助かります。」

21 「よろしい。言うとおりにしてあげよう。あの小さな村は滅ぼさないことにします。 22 だが、急がなければなりません。あなたが向こうに着くまで、わたしは何もしないから。」この時から、その村はツォアルと呼ばれるようになりました。「小さな村」という意味です。

23 ロトが村に着くと、ちょうど太陽が昇ったところでした。 24 その時、天から、火のように燃える硫黄が、ソドムとゴモラの上に降りかかりました。 25 そして、平野に点在するほかの町や村といっしょに、ソドムとゴモラをすっかり焼き尽くしてしまったのです。人間も植物も動物も、いのちあるものはみな死に絶えました。 26 ロトの妻も夫のあとからついて行ったのですが、天使の警告に背いてうしろを振り返ったため、塩の柱になってしまいました。

27 その日、アブラハムは早く起きて、神と話をした場所に急ぎました。 28 ソドムとゴモラのあった平野を見渡すと、まるでかまどのように熱気がたちこめ、煙の柱が町のあちこちから立ち上っているのが見えます。 29 しかし神は、アブラハムの願いを聞き入れ、ロトのいのちを救いました。町を覆い尽くした死の災いから、ロトを救い出されたのです。


30 その後、ロトはツォアルの人々を恐れて山へ逃げ、二人の娘といっしょにほら穴で暮らしました。 31 そんなある日、姉が妹に言いました。「このあたりには男の人がいないし、お父さんも私たちを結婚させることはできないわ。それにお父さんもずいぶん年をとってきたわ。 32 だから、お父さんをぶどう酒で酔いつぶして、いっしょに寝ましょう。私たちの家系が絶えないようにするには、そうするしかないのよ。」 33 相談がまとまり、二人はその夜、父親に酒を飲ませ、まず姉が父親のところに行きました。しかしロトは、娘が自分のところに入ったことはおろか、寝たのも起きたのも何一つ覚えていませんでした。

34 次の朝、姉は妹に言いました。「ゆうべ私はお父さんと寝床を共にしたわ。だから、今夜もまた、お酒を飲ませましょう。今度はあなたの番よ。」 35 二人はその夜もまた父親に酒を飲ませ、妹が父親と寝ました。前の晩と同じように、父親は、娘がそばに来たことに全く気がつきませんでした。 36 こうして、娘は二人とも父親の子どもを宿したのです。 37 やがて生まれた姉の子はモアブと名づけられ、モアブ人の先祖となりました。 38 妹の子はベン・アミという名で、アモン人の先祖です。