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Génesis 1

La creación

1Dios, en el principio,
    creó los cielos y la tierra.
La tierra era un caos total,
    las tinieblas cubrían el abismo,
y el Espíritu[a] de Dios se movía
    sobre la superficie de las aguas.
Y dijo Dios: «¡Que exista la luz!»
    Y la luz llegó a existir.
Dios consideró que la luz era buena
    y la separó de las tinieblas.
A la luz la llamó «día»,
    y a las tinieblas, «noche».
Y vino la noche, y llegó la mañana:
    ese fue el primer día.

Y dijo Dios: «¡Que exista el firmamento
    en medio de las aguas, y que las separe!»
Y así sucedió: Dios hizo el firmamento
    y separó las aguas que están abajo,
    de las aguas que están arriba.
Al firmamento Dios lo llamó «cielo».
    Y vino la noche, y llegó la mañana:
    ese fue el segundo día.

Y dijo Dios: «¡Que las aguas debajo del cielo
    se reúnan en un solo lugar,
    y que aparezca lo seco!»
Y así sucedió. 10 A lo seco Dios lo llamó «tierra»,
    y al conjunto de aguas lo llamó «mar».
Y Dios consideró que esto era bueno.
11 Y dijo Dios: «¡Que haya vegetación sobre la tierra;
    que esta produzca hierbas que den semilla,
y árboles que den su fruto con semilla,
    todos según su especie!»
Y así sucedió. 12 Comenzó a brotar la vegetación:
    hierbas que dan semilla,
y árboles que dan su fruto con semilla,
    todos según su especie.
Y Dios consideró que esto era bueno.
13     Y vino la noche, y llegó la mañana:
    ese fue el tercer día.

14 Y dijo Dios: «¡Que haya luces en el firmamento
    que separen el día de la noche;
que sirvan como señales de las estaciones,
    de los días y de los años,
15 y que brillen en el firmamento
    para iluminar la tierra!»
Y sucedió así. 16 Dios hizo los dos grandes astros:
    el astro mayor para gobernar el día,
y el menor para gobernar la noche.
    También hizo las estrellas.
17 Dios colocó en el firmamento
    los astros para alumbrar la tierra.
18 Los hizo para gobernar el día y la noche,
    y para separar la luz de las tinieblas.
Y Dios consideró que esto era bueno.
19     Y vino la noche, y llegó la mañana:
    ese fue el cuarto día.

20 Y dijo Dios: «¡Que rebosen de seres vivientes las aguas,
    y que vuelen las aves sobre la tierra
    a lo largo del firmamento!»
21 Y creó Dios los grandes animales marinos,
    y todos los seres vivientes
    que se mueven y pululan en las aguas
y todas las aves,
    según su especie.
Y Dios consideró que esto era bueno,
22     y los bendijo con estas palabras:
«Sean fructíferos y multiplíquense;
    llenen las aguas de los mares.
    ¡Que las aves se multipliquen sobre la tierra!»
23 Y vino la noche, y llegó la mañana:
    ese fue el quinto día.

24 Y dijo Dios: «¡Que produzca la tierra seres vivientes:
    animales domésticos, animales salvajes,
    y reptiles, según su especie!»
Y sucedió así. 25 Dios hizo los animales domésticos,
    los animales salvajes, y todos los reptiles,
    según su especie.
Y Dios consideró que esto era bueno,
26     y dijo: «Hagamos al ser humano
    a nuestra imagen y semejanza.
Que tenga dominio sobre los peces del mar,
    y sobre las aves del cielo;
sobre los animales domésticos,
    sobre los animales salvajes,[b]
y sobre todos los reptiles
    que se arrastran por el suelo».
27 Y Dios creó al ser humano a su imagen;
    lo creó a imagen de Dios.
Hombre y mujer los creó,
28     y los bendijo con estas palabras:
«Sean fructíferos y multiplíquense;
    llenen la tierra y sométanla;
dominen a los peces del mar y a las aves del cielo,
    y a todos los reptiles que se arrastran por el suelo».
29 También les dijo: «Yo les doy de la tierra
    todas las plantas que producen semilla
y todos los árboles que dan fruto con semilla;
    todo esto les servirá de alimento.
30 Y doy la hierba verde como alimento
    a todas las fieras de la tierra,
a todas las aves del cielo
    y a todos los seres vivientes
    que se arrastran por la tierra».
Y así sucedió. 31 Dios miró todo lo que había hecho,
    y consideró que era muy bueno.
Y vino la noche, y llegó la mañana:
    ese fue el sexto día.

  1. 1:2 Espíritu. Alt. viento o soplo.
  2. 1:26 los animales salvajes (Siríaca); toda la tierra (TM).

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Genesis 1

The Creation

1In the beginning God ([a]Elohim) [b]created [by forming from nothing] the heavens and the earth. The earth was [c]formless and void or a waste and emptiness, and darkness was upon the face of the deep [primeval ocean that covered the unformed earth]. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters. And God said, [d]“Let there be light”; and there was light. God saw that the light was good (pleasing, useful) and [e]He affirmed and sustained it; and God separated the light [distinguishing it] from the darkness. And God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was [f]evening and there was [g]morning, one day.

And God said, “Let there be an [h]expanse [of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below the expanse] from the waters [above the expanse].” And God made the expanse [of sky] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so [just as He commanded]. God called the expanse [of sky] heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place [of standing, pooling together], and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that this was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it. 11 So God said, “Let the earth sprout [tender] [i]vegetation, [j]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind, whose seed is in them upon the earth”; and it was so. 12 The earth sprouted and abundantly produced vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, according to their kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

14 Then God said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be useful for signs (tokens) [of God’s provident care], and for marking seasons, days, and years; 15 and let them be useful as lights in the expanse of the heavens to provide light on the earth”; and it was so, [just as He commanded]. 16 God made the two great lights—the greater light (the sun) to rule the day, and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night; He made the [galaxies of] stars also [that is, all the amazing wonders in the heavens]. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to provide light upon the earth, 18 to rule over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

20 Then God said, “Let the waters swarm and abundantly produce living creatures, and let birds soar above the earth [k]in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good and He affirmed and sustained it. 22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to (limited to, consistent with) their kind: livestock, crawling things, and wild animals of the earth according to their kinds”; and it was so [because He had spoken them into creation]. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, and the cattle according to their kind, and everything that creeps and crawls on the earth according to its kind; and God saw that it was good (pleasing, useful) and He affirmed and sustained it.

26 Then God said, “Let Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) make man in Our image, according to Our likeness [not physical, but a spiritual personality and moral likeness]; and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the cattle, and over the entire earth, and over everything that creeps and crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them [granting them certain authority] and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subjugate it [putting it under your power]; and rule over (dominate) the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29 So God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that moves on the ground—to everything in which there is the breath of life—I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so [because He commanded it]. 31 God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good and He validated it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

  1. Genesis 1:1 This is originally a plural form based on el (root meaning: strength), which itself is used to refer to God in compounds like El Shaddai (Almighty God). The word el is also used to refer to false gods, so the context determines whether Elohim means “God” or is better understood as “gods” (elohim).
  2. Genesis 1:1 Heb bara. Here and in 1:21, God created from nothing which is something only He can do. In 1:27, God used preexisting materials (man from the dust of the ground; Eve from Adam’s rib); each use of the word bara (“create”) must be considered in its specific context.
  3. Genesis 1:2 The Hebrew text here has two rhyming words, tohu and bohu, which have similar meanings of “wasteness” and “emptiness.” The construction is a figure of speech called hendiadys, in which two words are used together to express the same idea. The meaning is that the earth had no clearly discernible features at this point in creation but essentially was a mass of raw materials. This proves to be very important from philosophical and scientific viewpoints, because it documents the fact that the raw matter of the earth—and by extension, of the universe—did not coexist eternally with God, but was created by Him ex nihilo (Latin “out of nothing”).
  4. Genesis 1:3 This is not in the imperative mood (the ordinary grammatical form for a command), but God willed these creative events into existence. It is the voluntative mood in Hebrew. This translates, “It is My will that this happen.” English does not have the voluntative mood, which includes the jussive and cohortative forms. When “let” is used in this way, it represents a command not in the imperative mood, but rather an expression of God’s will, the jussive form. God literally commanded (willed) the world into existence.
  5. Genesis 1:4 “He affirmed and sustained it” is understood (deduced) from the context. The italic “and” alerts the reader or student of Hebrew that the word or words that follow are amplifications not found in the Hebrew text itself, but implied by it or by contextual factors.
  6. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “evening” indicates dusk or sunset.
  7. Genesis 1:5 The Hebrew word translated “morning” indicates the time when it is getting light (dawn).
  8. Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament.
  9. Genesis 1:11 Or grass.
  10. Genesis 1:11 Or herbs.
  11. Genesis 1:20 Lit over the face of.